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Evaluation of muscle activity, bite force and salivary cortisol in children with bruxism before and after low level laser applied to acupoints: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Abstract Bruxism is a repetitive activity that causes tooth wear, audible sounds, and discomfort. Preventive measures have been studied for conditions that can exert a negative influence on physiological development in children. Low-level laser therapy administered over acupoints is an effective, painless, low-cost treatment option that has achieved good results. Thus, the aim of the proposed study is to evaluate changes in muscle activity, bite force and salivary cortisol in children with bruxism after the application of low-level laser to accupoints.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Acupuncture Points

Bite Force

Low-Level Light Therapy

Keywords

Acupuncture

Bite force

Bruxism

Child

Laser

Muscle activity

Occlusal splints

Salivary cortisol

Journal Title bmc complementary and alternative medicine
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28789647
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170809
DCOM- 20170901
LR  - 20170901
IS  - 1472-6882 (Electronic)
IS  - 1472-6882 (Linking)
VI  - 17
IP  - 1
DP  - 2017 Aug 08
TI  - Evaluation of muscle activity, bite force and salivary cortisol in children with 
      bruxism before and after low level laser applied to acupoints: study protocol for
      a randomised controlled trial.
PG  - 391
LID - 10.1186/s12906-017-1905-y [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: Bruxism is a repetitive activity that causes tooth wear, audible
      sounds, and discomfort. Preventive measures have been studied for conditions that
      can exert a negative influence on physiological development in children.
      Low-level laser therapy administered over acupoints is an effective, painless,
      low-cost treatment option that has achieved good results. Thus, the aim of the
      proposed study is to evaluate changes in muscle activity, bite force and salivary
      cortisol in children with bruxism after the application of low-level laser to
      accupoints. METHODS: The children will be randomly allocated to four groups of 19
      individuals: G1 - low-level laser; G2 - occlusal splint; G3 - placebo laser; and 
      G4 - control (without bruxism). The BTS TMJOINT electromyography will be used to 
      determine muscle activity and a digital gnathodynamometer will be used to measure
      bite force. Salivary cortisol will be analysed at baseline as well as one and six
      months after treatment. Two-way ANOVA will be employed and complemented by
      Tukey's test. DISCUSSION: Bruxism is a repetitive activity of the masticatory
      muscles that can have negative consequences if not treated, such as tooth wear,
      noises, discomfort and anxiety. Thus, control and treatment measures should be
      taken. Although low-level laser therapy over acupoints has been indicated for
      children, the effects of this treatment modality have not yet been studied. TRIAL
      REGISTRATION: NCT02757261 on 8 April 2016. This study protocol received a grant
      from the Brazilian fostering agency Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP:
      #2015/24731-0).
FAU - Salgueiro, Monica da Consolacao Canuto
AU  - Salgueiro MDCC
AD  - Postgraduate program in Biophotonics Applied to Health Sciences, Nove de Julho
      University, Rua Vergueiro, 249 - Liberdade, Sao Paulo, SP, CEP 0154001, Brazil.
FAU - Bortoletto, Carolina Carvalho
AU  - Bortoletto CC
AD  - Postgraduate program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Nove de Julho University, Sao
      Paulo, Brazil.
FAU - Horliana, Anna Carolina RattoTempestini
AU  - Horliana ACR
AD  - Postgraduate program in Biophotonics Applied to Health Sciences, Nove de Julho
      University, Rua Vergueiro, 249 - Liberdade, Sao Paulo, SP, CEP 0154001, Brazil.
FAU - Mota, Ana Carolina Costa
AU  - Mota ACC
AD  - Postgraduate program in Biophotonics Applied to Health Sciences, Nove de Julho
      University, Rua Vergueiro, 249 - Liberdade, Sao Paulo, SP, CEP 0154001, Brazil.
FAU - Motta, Lara Jansiski
AU  - Motta LJ
AD  - Postgraduate program in Biophotonics Applied to Health Sciences, Nove de Julho
      University, Rua Vergueiro, 249 - Liberdade, Sao Paulo, SP, CEP 0154001, Brazil.
AD  - Management in Health Systems, Nove de Julho University, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
FAU - Motta, Pamella de Barros
AU  - Motta PB
AD  - Dentist Surgeon, APCD, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
FAU - MesquitaFerrari, Raquel Agnelli
AU  - MesquitaFerrari RA
AD  - Postgraduate program in Biophotonics Applied to Health Sciences, Nove de Julho
      University, Rua Vergueiro, 249 - Liberdade, Sao Paulo, SP, CEP 0154001, Brazil.
AD  - Postgraduate program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Nove de Julho University, Sao
      Paulo, Brazil.
FAU - Fernandes, Kristianne Porta Santos
AU  - Fernandes KPS
AD  - Postgraduate program in Biophotonics Applied to Health Sciences, Nove de Julho
      University, Rua Vergueiro, 249 - Liberdade, Sao Paulo, SP, CEP 0154001, Brazil.
AD  - Postgraduate program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Nove de Julho University, Sao
      Paulo, Brazil.
FAU - Bussadori, Sandra Kalil
AU  - Bussadori SK
AD  - Postgraduate program in Biophotonics Applied to Health Sciences, Nove de Julho
      University, Rua Vergueiro, 249 - Liberdade, Sao Paulo, SP, CEP 0154001, Brazil.
      [email protected]
AD  - Postgraduate program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Nove de Julho University, Sao
      Paulo, Brazil. [email protected]
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Randomized Controlled Trial
DEP - 20170808
PL  - England
TA  - BMC Complement Altern Med
JT  - BMC complementary and alternative medicine
JID - 101088661
RN  - WI4X0X7BPJ (Hydrocortisone)
SB  - IM
MH  - *Acupuncture Points
MH  - *Bite Force
MH  - Bruxism/metabolism/*therapy
MH  - Child
MH  - Electromyography
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Hydrocortisone/*metabolism
MH  - *Low-Level Light Therapy
MH  - Male
MH  - Masticatory Muscles/*physiology
MH  - Research Design
MH  - Saliva/metabolism
MH  - Treatment Outcome
PMC - PMC5549372
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Acupuncture
OT  - Bite force
OT  - Bruxism
OT  - Child
OT  - Laser
OT  - Muscle activity
OT  - Occlusal splints
OT  - Salivary cortisol
EDAT- 2017/08/10 06:00
MHDA- 2017/09/02 06:00
CRDT- 2017/08/10 06:00
PHST- 2017/05/25 [received]
PHST- 2017/08/02 [accepted]
AID - 10.1186/s12906-017-1905-y [doi]
AID - 10.1186/s12906-017-1905-y [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017 Aug 8;17(1):391. doi: 10.1186/s12906-017-1905-y.