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Perceived risk of reinfection among individuals treated for sexually transmitted infections in Northern Ethiopia: implication for use in clinical practice.

Abstract The prevention of reinfection of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is highly dependent on the level of risk perception and the subsequent adoption of preventive behaviors. While perceived risk is assumed to be key to adoption of preventive measures, the evidence regarding the predictors of perceived risk to STI reinfection are limited.
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Ordinal regression

STI reinfection

risk perception

Journal Title the pan african medical journal
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28819508
OWN - NLM
STAT- In-Process
DA  - 20170818
LR  - 20170818
IS  - 1937-8688 (Electronic)
VI  - 27
DP  - 2017
TI  - Perceived risk of reinfection among individuals treated for sexually transmitted 
      infections in Northern Ethiopia: implication for use in clinical practice.
PG  - 87
LID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.27.87.12015 [doi]
AB  - INTRODUCTION: The prevention of reinfection of sexually transmitted infections
      (STIs) is highly dependent on the level of risk perception and the subsequent
      adoption of preventive behaviors. While perceived risk is assumed to be key to
      adoption of preventive measures, the evidence regarding the predictors of
      perceived risk to STI reinfection are limited. METHODS: This paper is based on a 
      cross sectional facility based survey conducted in North Ethiopia from January to
      June; 2015. Patients attending public health facilities for STI care responded to
      a structured questionnaire at clinic exist. Ordinal logistic regression was
      employed to identify factors associated with risk perception. RESULTS: Of the
      1082 STI patients who participated in the study, 843(77.91%) indicated a high
      perceived risk of STI reinfection. The major factor associated with low perceived
      risk of reinfection was willingness to notify partner; the odds of being willing 
      to notify partner was greater among those who perceived low risk (AOR=3.01, 95%
      CI: 2.13-4.25). In addition, low perceived risk was associated with female index 
      cases (AOR=1.49, 95% CI: 1.07-2.08), those who had high school education and
      above (AOR=1.68, 95% CI: 1.07-2.65), those aged 25 years and above (AOR=1.52, 95%
      CI: 1.09-2.12), those who had a single partner (AOR=1.82, 95% CI: 1.20-2.74), and
      those who had low perceived stigma (AOR=1.42, 95% CI: 1.04-1.95). CONCLUSION: The
      perceived risk of STI reinfection is high and strongly associated with willing to
      notify partner. Efforts to prevent STI reinfection need to consider interventions
      that enhance partner notification.
FAU - Tsadik, Mache
AU  - Tsadik M
AD  - College of Health Science, Mekelle University, Tigray, Ethiopia.
FAU - Berhane, Yemane
AU  - Berhane Y
AD  - Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
FAU - Worku, Alemayehu
AU  - Worku A
AD  - Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
FAU - Terefe, Wondwossen
AU  - Terefe W
AD  - College of Health Science, Mekelle University, Tigray, Ethiopia.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170605
PL  - Uganda
TA  - Pan Afr Med J
JT  - The Pan African medical journal
JID - 101517926
PMC - PMC5554678
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Ordinal regression
OT  - STI reinfection
OT  - risk perception
EDAT- 2017/08/19 06:00
MHDA- 2017/08/19 06:00
CRDT- 2017/08/19 06:00
PHST- 2017/02/16 [received]
PHST- 2017/06/02 [accepted]
AID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.27.87.12015 [doi]
AID - PAMJ-27-87 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Pan Afr Med J. 2017 Jun 5;27:87. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.27.87.12015. eCollection
      2017.