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A case of enterobiasis presenting as post-traumatic-stress-disorder (PTSD): a curious case of the infection with predominant mental health symptoms, presenting for the first time in the settings of a refugee camp.

Abstract Enterobiasis (oxyuriasis) is a common infection in human caused by Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis), a human intestinal helminth. Because of the easy way of its transmission among people, it has an extremely high prevalence in overcrowded conditions, such as nurseries and primary schools. Oxyuriasis's symptoms are extremely diverse in children, ranging from nausea, diarrhea, insomnia, irritability, recurrent cellulitis, loss of appetite, nightmares and endometritis. Here we report a curious case of oxyuriasis in the settings of a refugee camp in Greece. The patient was a 10-year old Syrian female, who presented with unusual and vague symptoms like insomnia and irritability. Given the violent background of the Syrian warzone that the patient had escaped, she was firstly diagnosed with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) before eventually getting correctly diagnosed with enterobiasis. This infection is the first documented case of enterobiasis in the settings of a refugee camp and can highlight the unsanitary living conditions that refugees have to endure in those camps.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Enterobiasis

enterobius vermicularis

helminth

oxyuriasis

refugees

Journal Title the pan african medical journal
Publication Year Start


 


PMID- 28819532
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170818
DCOM- 20170904
LR  - 20170904
IS  - 1937-8688 (Electronic)
VI  - 27
DP  - 2017
TI  - A case of enterobiasis presenting as post-traumatic-stress-disorder (PTSD): a
      curious case of the infection with predominant mental health symptoms, presenting
      for the first time in the settings of a refugee camp.
PG  - 111
LID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.27.111.12870 [doi]
AB  - Enterobiasis (oxyuriasis) is a common infection in human caused by Enterobius
      vermicularis (E. vermicularis), a human intestinal helminth. Because of the easy 
      way of its transmission among people, it has an extremely high prevalence in
      overcrowded conditions, such as nurseries and primary schools. Oxyuriasis's
      symptoms are extremely diverse in children, ranging from nausea, diarrhea,
      insomnia, irritability, recurrent cellulitis, loss of appetite, nightmares and
      endometritis. Here we report a curious case of oxyuriasis in the settings of a
      refugee camp in Greece. The patient was a 10-year old Syrian female, who
      presented with unusual and vague symptoms like insomnia and irritability. Given
      the violent background of the Syrian warzone that the patient had escaped, she
      was firstly diagnosed with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) before
      eventually getting correctly diagnosed with enterobiasis. This infection is the
      first documented case of enterobiasis in the settings of a refugee camp and can
      highlight the unsanitary living conditions that refugees have to endure in those 
      camps.
FAU - Karamitros, Georgios
AU  - Karamitros G
AD  - Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.
FAU - Kitsos, Nikolaos
AU  - Kitsos N
AD  - Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom.
FAU - Athanasopoulos, Fotios
AU  - Athanasopoulos F
AD  - Medical School, University of Patra, Patra, Greece.
LA  - eng
PT  - Case Reports
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170613
PL  - Uganda
TA  - Pan Afr Med J
JT  - The Pan African medical journal
JID - 101517926
SB  - IM
MH  - Animals
MH  - Child
MH  - Enterobiasis/*diagnosis/psychology
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Irritable Mood
MH  - Refugees/*psychology
MH  - Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/diagnosis/parasitology
MH  - Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/*diagnosis
MH  - Syria/ethnology
PMC - PMC5554648
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Enterobiasis
OT  - enterobius vermicularis
OT  - helminth
OT  - oxyuriasis
OT  - refugees
EDAT- 2017/08/19 06:00
MHDA- 2017/09/05 06:00
CRDT- 2017/08/19 06:00
PHST- 2017/05/26 [received]
PHST- 2017/06/07 [accepted]
AID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.27.111.12870 [doi]
AID - PAMJ-27-111 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Pan Afr Med J. 2017 Jun 13;27:111. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.27.111.12870.
      eCollection 2017.