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Addressing the Challenges and Opportunities of the Polio Endgame: Lessons for the Future.

Abstract The Global Commission for the Certification of the Eradication of Poliomyelitis certified the eradication of type 2 poliovirus in September 2015, making type 2 poliovirus the first human pathogen to be eradicated since smallpox. The eradication of type 2 poliovirus, the absence of detection of type 3 poliovirus worldwide since November 2012, and cornering type 1 poliovirus to only a few geographic areas of 3 countries has enabled implementation of the endgame of polio eradication which calls for a phased withdrawal of oral polio vaccine beginning with the type 2 component, introduction of inactivated poliovirus vaccine, strengthening of routine immunization in countries with extensive polio resources, and initiating activities to transition polio resources, program experience, and lessons learned to other global health initiatives. This supplement focuses on efforts by global partners to successfully launch polio endgame activities to permanently secure and sustain the enormous gains of polio eradication forever.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Disease Eradication

Global Health

Immunization Programs

Keywords

IPV

OPV

endgame

eradication

inactivated poliovirus vaccine

oral poliovirus vaccine

polio

poliovirus

Journal Title the journal of infectious diseases
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28838196
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170825
DCOM- 20170911
LR  - 20170911
IS  - 1537-6613 (Electronic)
IS  - 0022-1899 (Linking)
VI  - 216
IP  - suppl_1
DP  - 2017 Jul 01
TI  - Addressing the Challenges and Opportunities of the Polio Endgame: Lessons for the
      Future.
PG  - S1-S8
LID - 10.1093/infdis/jix117 [doi]
AB  - The Global Commission for the Certification of the Eradication of Poliomyelitis
      certified the eradication of type 2 poliovirus in September 2015, making type 2
      poliovirus the first human pathogen to be eradicated since smallpox. The
      eradication of type 2 poliovirus, the absence of detection of type 3 poliovirus
      worldwide since November 2012, and cornering type 1 poliovirus to only a few
      geographic areas of 3 countries has enabled implementation of the endgame of
      polio eradication which calls for a phased withdrawal of oral polio vaccine
      beginning with the type 2 component, introduction of inactivated poliovirus
      vaccine, strengthening of routine immunization in countries with extensive polio 
      resources, and initiating activities to transition polio resources, program
      experience, and lessons learned to other global health initiatives. This
      supplement focuses on efforts by global partners to successfully launch polio
      endgame activities to permanently secure and sustain the enormous gains of polio 
      eradication forever.
CI  - (c) The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious
      Diseases Society of America.
FAU - Patel, Manish
AU  - Patel M
AD  - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
FAU - Cochi, Stephen
AU  - Cochi S
AD  - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - United States
TA  - J Infect Dis
JT  - The Journal of infectious diseases
JID - 0413675
RN  - 0 (Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated)
RN  - 0 (Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral)
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - *Disease Eradication
MH  - *Global Health
MH  - Humans
MH  - *Immunization Programs
MH  - Poliomyelitis/*prevention & control
MH  - Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated
MH  - Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - IPV
OT  - OPV
OT  - endgame
OT  - eradication
OT  - inactivated poliovirus vaccine
OT  - oral poliovirus vaccine
OT  - polio
OT  - poliovirus
EDAT- 2017/08/26 06:00
MHDA- 2017/09/12 06:00
CRDT- 2017/08/26 06:00
PHST- 2017/02/27 [received]
PHST- 2017/03/03 [accepted]
AID - 3935074 [pii]
AID - 10.1093/infdis/jix117 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - J Infect Dis. 2017 Jul 1;216(suppl_1):S1-S8. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jix117.