PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

The influences of cognitive appraisal, physical injury, coping strategy, and forgiveness of others on PTSD symptoms in traffic accidents using hierarchical linear modeling.

Abstract The purpose of this study was to identify how physical injury, perceived threat, forgiveness of others, and problem-focused coping influence the change of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. One hundred twenty patients who had experienced a traumatic vehicle accident participated in 1 to 2 months after the accident; 70 of these people involved at 6 months after the accident. We used a hierarchical linear model analysis to verify the impacts of predictors on change of PTSD symptoms as time passed. The results showed that PTSD symptoms decreased over time, and greater perceived threat would worsen PTSD symptoms and more forgiveness would decrease PTSD symptoms. On the other hand problem-focused coping and physical injury severity were not significantly related to the PTSD symptoms. Specifically, greater perceived threat was found to be related with a deceleration of the decrease in PTSD symptoms, whereas greater forgiveness of others was associated with an acceleration of this decrease. However, problem-focused coping and physical injury severity had no influence on the change rate of PTSD symptoms. Cognitive variable could be more important than physical injury to understand PTSD. In addition, forgiveness of other in a traumatic situation needs to be considered as one of coping strategies.
PMID
Related Publications

Association of life threat and betrayal with posttraumatic stress disorder symptom severity.

Contribution of cognitive factors to the prediction of post-traumatic stress disorder, phobia and depression after motor vehicle accidents.

The relationship between forgiveness, spirituality, traumatic guilt and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among people with addiction.

Forgiveness, coping, and terrorism: do tendency to forgive and coping strategies associate with the level of posttraumatic symptoms of injured victims of terror attacks?

Mediating effects of forgiveness and emotion-focused coping on post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms caused by physical injury and perceived threat.

Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Accidents, Traffic

Adaptation, Psychological

Forgiveness

Keywords
Journal Title medicine
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28858087
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170831
DCOM- 20170911
LR  - 20170912
IS  - 1536-5964 (Electronic)
IS  - 0025-7974 (Linking)
VI  - 96
IP  - 35
DP  - 2017 Sep
TI  - The influences of cognitive appraisal, physical injury, coping strategy, and
      forgiveness of others on PTSD symptoms in traffic accidents using hierarchical
      linear modeling.
PG  - e7705
LID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000007705 [doi]
AB  - The purpose of this study was to identify how physical injury, perceived threat, 
      forgiveness of others, and problem-focused coping influence the change of
      posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. One hundred twenty patients who
      had experienced a traumatic vehicle accident participated in 1 to 2 months after 
      the accident; 70 of these people involved at 6 months after the accident. We used
      a hierarchical linear model analysis to verify the impacts of predictors on
      change of PTSD symptoms as time passed. The results showed that PTSD symptoms
      decreased over time, and greater perceived threat would worsen PTSD symptoms and 
      more forgiveness would decrease PTSD symptoms. On the other hand problem-focused 
      coping and physical injury severity were not significantly related to the PTSD
      symptoms. Specifically, greater perceived threat was found to be related with a
      deceleration of the decrease in PTSD symptoms, whereas greater forgiveness of
      others was associated with an acceleration of this decrease. However,
      problem-focused coping and physical injury severity had no influence on the
      change rate of PTSD symptoms. Cognitive variable could be more important than
      physical injury to understand PTSD. In addition, forgiveness of other in a
      traumatic situation needs to be considered as one of coping strategies.
FAU - Hyun, Myoung-Ho
AU  - Hyun MH
AD  - aDepartment of Psychology, Chung-Ang University bDepartment of Counseling
      Psychology, The Cyber Universit y of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
FAU - Bae, Sung-Man
AU  - Bae SM
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Multicenter Study
PL  - United States
TA  - Medicine (Baltimore)
JT  - Medicine
JID - 2985248R
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - *Accidents, Traffic
MH  - *Adaptation, Psychological
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - Female
MH  - *Forgiveness
MH  - Hospitals, University
MH  - Humans
MH  - Injury Severity Score
MH  - Male
MH  - Models, Psychological
MH  - Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
MH  - Republic of Korea
MH  - Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/*psychology
MH  - Wounds and Injuries/*psychology
MH  - Young Adult
PMC - PMC5585481
EDAT- 2017/09/01 06:00
MHDA- 2017/09/12 06:00
CRDT- 2017/09/01 06:00
AID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000007705 [doi]
AID - 00005792-201709010-00011 [pii]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Sep;96(35):e7705. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000007705.