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Fall prevalence in people with multiple sclerosis who use wheelchairs and scooters.

Abstract Falls are a serious health concern for persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) who use wheelchairs or scooters as their primary mode of mobility. Unfortunately, little is known about the fall prevalence and characteristics of this large segment of the multiple sclerosis (MS) community. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence and circumstances of falls in wheelchair and scooter users living with MS. Forty-four PwMS were recruited from research and medical centers in the United States and Asia. Participants completed a survey focusing on prevalence of falls, frequency of injurious falls, circumstances of the fall, and various quality of life indicators. A total of 44 individuals (32 females/11 males/1 not reported) aged 27 to 82 years (mean = 58 yrs) completed the survey. Seventy-five percent (n = 33) reported falling at least once in 6 months and 48% (n = 12) of those that fell sustained an injury. The majority (87.5%) of the falls occurred inside the home. Most individuals (76.7%; n = 33) reported concerns about falling and 65.9% (n = 29) limited their activities because of their concern of falling. Falls are prevalent in wheelchair and scooter users with MS. The observations highlight the need for interventions targeting this segment of the MS community.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Multiple Sclerosis

Keywords
Journal Title medicine
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28858096
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170831
DCOM- 20170911
LR  - 20170912
IS  - 1536-5964 (Electronic)
IS  - 0025-7974 (Linking)
VI  - 96
IP  - 35
DP  - 2017 Sep
TI  - Fall prevalence in people with multiple sclerosis who use wheelchairs and
      scooters.
PG  - e7860
LID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000007860 [doi]
AB  - Falls are a serious health concern for persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) who
      use wheelchairs or scooters as their primary mode of mobility. Unfortunately,
      little is known about the fall prevalence and characteristics of this large
      segment of the multiple sclerosis (MS) community. The purpose of this study is to
      determine the prevalence and circumstances of falls in wheelchair and scooter
      users living with MS. Forty-four PwMS were recruited from research and medical
      centers in the United States and Asia. Participants completed a survey focusing
      on prevalence of falls, frequency of injurious falls, circumstances of the fall, 
      and various quality of life indicators. A total of 44 individuals (32 females/11 
      males/1 not reported) aged 27 to 82 years (mean = 58 yrs) completed the survey.
      Seventy-five percent (n = 33) reported falling at least once in 6 months and 48% 
      (n = 12) of those that fell sustained an injury. The majority (87.5%) of the
      falls occurred inside the home. Most individuals (76.7%; n = 33) reported
      concerns about falling and 65.9% (n = 29) limited their activities because of
      their concern of falling. Falls are prevalent in wheelchair and scooter users
      with MS. The observations highlight the need for interventions targeting this
      segment of the MS community.
FAU - Rice, Laura
AU  - Rice L
AD  - aDepartment of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at
      Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL bDepartment of Physical Therapy, Sackler Faculty 
      of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University cMultiple Sclerosis Center, Sheba Medical
      Center, Tel-Hashomer, Israel dCrawford Research Institute, Shepherd Center,
      Atlanta, GA.
FAU - Kalron, Alon
AU  - Kalron A
FAU - Berkowitz, Shani H
AU  - Berkowitz SH
FAU - Backus, Deborah
AU  - Backus D
FAU - Sosnoff, Jacob J
AU  - Sosnoff JJ
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - United States
TA  - Medicine (Baltimore)
JT  - Medicine
JID - 2985248R
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - Accidental Falls/prevention & control/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - Adult
MH  - Aged
MH  - Aged, 80 and over
MH  - Female
MH  - Georgia
MH  - Humans
MH  - Illinois
MH  - Israel
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Mobility Limitation
MH  - *Multiple Sclerosis
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Severity of Illness Index
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
MH  - Wheelchairs/utilization
PMC - PMC5585490
EDAT- 2017/09/01 06:00
MHDA- 2017/09/12 06:00
CRDT- 2017/09/01 06:00
AID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000007860 [doi]
AID - 00005792-201709010-00020 [pii]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Sep;96(35):e7860. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000007860.