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Evaluating prevalence and risk factors of building-related symptoms among office workers: Seasonal characteristics of symptoms and psychosocial and physical environmental factors.

Abstract Psychosocial and environmental factors at the workplace play a significant role in building-related symptoms (BRSs). Environmental factors change during summer cooling and winter heating using air-conditioning systems. Thus, significant risk factors in each season need to be clarified.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Environment

Seasons

Keywords

Building-related symptoms

Cross-sectional study

Humidity control

Indoor air quality

Occupational stress

Sick Building Syndrome

Journal Title environmental health and preventive medicine
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29165170
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180205
LR  - 20180205
IS  - 1347-4715 (Electronic)
IS  - 1342-078X (Linking)
VI  - 22
IP  - 1
DP  - 2017 Apr 12
TI  - Evaluating prevalence and risk factors of building-related symptoms among office 
      workers: Seasonal characteristics of symptoms and psychosocial and physical
      environmental factors.
PG  - 38
LID - 10.1186/s12199-017-0645-4 [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: Psychosocial and environmental factors at the workplace play a
      significant role in building-related symptoms (BRSs). Environmental factors
      change during summer cooling and winter heating using air-conditioning systems.
      Thus, significant risk factors in each season need to be clarified. METHODS: A
      nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted during summer in Japan and
      seasonal differences between summer and winter were evaluated. Self-administered 
      questionnaires were distributed to 489 offices. Possible risk factors for BRSs
      associated with the work environment, indoor air quality, and job stressors were 
      examined by multiple regression analyses. RESULTS: Among people having at least
      one BRS, the prevalence of BRSs in summer (27.8%) was slightly higher than that
      in winter (24.9%). High prevalence was observed for eye and nasal symptoms
      related to dryness and general symptoms related to psychological distress in both
      seasons. Analyses revealed that dryness of air was an important and significant
      risk factor associated with BRSs, and job stressors were significantly associated
      with general symptoms in both seasons. Conversely, humidity was a significant
      risk factor of general symptoms in summer (odds ratio, 1.20; 95% confidence
      interval, 1.02-1.43). Carpeting, recently painted walls, and unpleasant chemical 
      odors in summer and noise, dust and dirt, and unpleasant odors such as body or
      food odors in both seasons were significant risk factors for BRSs. CONCLUSIONS:
      Improvements in the physical environmental qualities in an office throughout the 
      year are important along with the reduction in psychological distress related to 
      work.
FAU - Azuma, Kenichi
AU  - Azuma K
AD  - Department of Environmental Medicine and Behavioral Science, Kindai University
      Faculty of Medicine, 377-2 Ohnohigashi, Osakasayama, Osaka, 589-8511, Japan.
      [email protected]
FAU - Ikeda, Koichi
AU  - Ikeda K
AD  - Department of Architecture, College of Science and Technology, Nihon University, 
      8-14 Kanda-Surugadai 1-chome, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 101-8308, Japan.
FAU - Kagi, Naoki
AU  - Kagi N
AD  - Department of Mechanical and Environmental Informatics, Graduate School of
      Information Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1
      Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 152-8550, Japan.
FAU - Yanagi, U
AU  - Yanagi U
AD  - Department of Architecture, School of Architecture, Kogakuin University, 1-24-2
      Nishi-Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 163-8677, Japan.
FAU - Osawa, Haruki
AU  - Osawa H
AD  - Department of Environmental Health, National Institute of Public Health, 2-3-6
      Minami, Wako, Saitama, 351-0197, Japan.
LA  - eng
GR  - H23-health/crisis-009/Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare/United States
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170412
PL  - England
TA  - Environ Health Prev Med
JT  - Environmental health and preventive medicine
JID - 9609642
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Aged
MH  - Air Pollution, Indoor/*adverse effects
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - *Environment
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Humidity
MH  - Japan/epidemiology
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Occupational Diseases/*epidemiology
MH  - Occupational Stress/epidemiology
MH  - Odds Ratio
MH  - Odorants
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - *Seasons
MH  - Workplace/*psychology
MH  - Young Adult
PMC - PMC5664800
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Building-related symptoms
OT  - Cross-sectional study
OT  - Humidity control
OT  - Indoor air quality
OT  - Occupational stress
OT  - Sick Building Syndrome
EDAT- 2017/11/23 06:00
MHDA- 2018/02/06 06:00
CRDT- 2017/11/23 06:00
PHST- 2017/01/17 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/02/01 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/11/23 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/11/23 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/02/06 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1186/s12199-017-0645-4 [doi]
AID - 10.1186/s12199-017-0645-4 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Environ Health Prev Med. 2017 Apr 12;22(1):38. doi: 10.1186/s12199-017-0645-4.