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Decisional balance and processes of change in community-recruited with moderate-high versus mild severity of cannabis dependence.

Abstract Decisional Balance and Processes of Change are generally addressed in motivational interventions for the treatment of cannabis use disorders. However, specific aspects of these multifaceted constructs, with greater relevance for severe cannabis users, need to be ascertained to enable better interventions. This study aimed to compare the different facets of decisional balance and processes of change between mild and severe cannabis users in a community-based sample of young undergraduates. Thirty-one severe cannabis users and 31 mild cannabis users, indicated with the Severity of Dependence Scale, were assessed using the Decisional Balance Questionnaire (DBQ) and the Processes of Change Questionnaire (PCQ). We found that severe cannabis users had higher scores in the DBQ dimensions of Utilitarian Gains for the Self, Utilitarian Gains for Significant Others, and Self-approval, as well as in the total subscale of Gains but not Losses. The group of severe cannabis users also had higher scores in the PCQ dimensions of Self-revaluations and Counter-conditioning. Our results pinpoint specific dimensions of Decisional Balance and Processes of Change that are endorsed by severe cannabis users. This knowledge could be applied to inform motivational interventions targeting severe cannabis users.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Behavior Therapy

Decision Making

Keywords
Journal Title plos one
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29206230
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20171226
LR  - 20171226
IS  - 1932-6203 (Electronic)
IS  - 1932-6203 (Linking)
VI  - 12
IP  - 12
DP  - 2017
TI  - Decisional balance and processes of change in community-recruited with
      moderate-high versus mild severity of cannabis dependence.
PG  - e0188476
LID - 10.1371/journal.pone.0188476 [doi]
AB  - Decisional Balance and Processes of Change are generally addressed in
      motivational interventions for the treatment of cannabis use disorders. However, 
      specific aspects of these multifaceted constructs, with greater relevance for
      severe cannabis users, need to be ascertained to enable better interventions.
      This study aimed to compare the different facets of decisional balance and
      processes of change between mild and severe cannabis users in a community-based
      sample of young undergraduates. Thirty-one severe cannabis users and 31 mild
      cannabis users, indicated with the Severity of Dependence Scale, were assessed
      using the Decisional Balance Questionnaire (DBQ) and the Processes of Change
      Questionnaire (PCQ). We found that severe cannabis users had higher scores in the
      DBQ dimensions of Utilitarian Gains for the Self, Utilitarian Gains for
      Significant Others, and Self-approval, as well as in the total subscale of Gains 
      but not Losses. The group of severe cannabis users also had higher scores in the 
      PCQ dimensions of Self-revaluations and Counter-conditioning. Our results
      pinpoint specific dimensions of Decisional Balance and Processes of Change that
      are endorsed by severe cannabis users. This knowledge could be applied to inform 
      motivational interventions targeting severe cannabis users.
FAU - Lopez-Torrecillas, Francisca
AU  - Lopez-Torrecillas F
AUID- ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4541-5184
AD  - Learning, Emotion and Decision Group, Department of Experimental Psychology,
      University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
AD  - Center Research Mind Brain and Behavior (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Grenada,
      Spain.
FAU - Lopez-Quirantes, Eva Maria
AU  - Lopez-Quirantes EM
AD  - Learning, Emotion and Decision Group, Department of Experimental Psychology,
      University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
AD  - Center Research Mind Brain and Behavior (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Grenada,
      Spain.
FAU - Maldonado, Antonio
AU  - Maldonado A
AD  - Learning, Emotion and Decision Group, Department of Experimental Psychology,
      University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
AD  - Center Research Mind Brain and Behavior (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Grenada,
      Spain.
FAU - Albein-Urios, Natalia
AU  - Albein-Urios N
AD  - School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia.
FAU - Rueda, M feminine Del Mar
AU  - Rueda MDM
AD  - Department of Statistics and Operations Research, University of Granada, Granada,
      Spain.
FAU - Verdejo-Garcia, Antonio
AU  - Verdejo-Garcia A
AD  - School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20171204
PL  - United States
TA  - PLoS One
JT  - PloS one
JID - 101285081
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - *Behavior Therapy
MH  - *Decision Making
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Marijuana Abuse/*psychology/therapy
MH  - Motivation
MH  - Severity of Illness Index
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
MH  - Young Adult
PMC - PMC5714356
EDAT- 2017/12/06 06:00
MHDA- 2017/12/27 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/06 06:00
PHST- 2017/08/07 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/11/07 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/12/06 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/06 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2017/12/27 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1371/journal.pone.0188476 [doi]
AID - PONE-D-17-29300 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - PLoS One. 2017 Dec 4;12(12):e0188476. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188476.
      eCollection 2017.