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Auditory skills of figure-ground and closure in air traffic controllers.

Abstract To investigate the auditory skills of closure and figure-ground and factors associated with health, communication, and attention in air traffic controllers, and compare these variables with those of other civil and military servants.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Aviation

Noise, Occupational

Keywords
Journal Title codas
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29211111
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180131
LR  - 20180131
IS  - 2317-1782 (Electronic)
IS  - 2317-1782 (Linking)
VI  - 29
IP  - 6
DP  - 2017 Dec 4
TI  - Auditory skills of figure-ground and closure in air traffic controllers.
PG  - e20160201
LID - S2317-17822017000600303 [pii]
LID - 10.1590/2317-1782/20172016201 [doi]
AB  - PURPOSE: To investigate the auditory skills of closure and figure-ground and
      factors associated with health, communication, and attention in air traffic
      controllers, and compare these variables with those of other civil and military
      servants. METHODS: Study participants were sixty adults with normal audiometric
      thresholds divided into two groups matched for age and gender: study group (SG), 
      comprising 30 air traffic controllers and control group (CG), composed of 30
      other military and civil servants. All participants were asked a number of
      questions regarding their health, communication, and attention, and underwent the
      Speech-in-Noise Test (SIN) to assess their closure skills and the Synthetic
      Sentence Identification Test - Ipsilateral Competitive Message (SSI-ICM) in
      monotic listening to evaluate their figure-ground abilities. Data were compared
      using nonparametric statistical tests and logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: 
      More individuals in the SG reported fatigue and/or burnout and work-related
      stress and showed better performance than that of individuals in the CG for the
      figure-ground ability. Both groups performed similarly and satisfactorily in the 
      other hearing tests. The odds ratio for participants belonging in the SG was 5.59
      and 1.24 times regarding work-related stress and SSI-ICM (right ear),
      respectively. CONCLUSION: Results for the variables auditory closure,
      self-reported health, attention, and communication were similar in both groups.
      The SG presented significantly better performance in auditory figure-ground
      compared with that of the CG. Self-reported stress and right-ear SSI-ICM were
      significant predictors of individuals belonging to the SG.
FAU - Villar, Anna Carolina Nascimento Waack Braga
AU  - Villar ACNWB
AD  - Especializacao em Audiologia, Departamento de Fonoaudiologia, Universidade
      Federal de Sao Paulo - UNIFESP - Sao Paulo (SP), Brasil.
FAU - Pereira, Liliane Desgualdo
AU  - Pereira LD
AD  - Departamento de Fonoaudiologia, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo - UNIFESP - Sao
      Paulo (SP), Brasil.
LA  - por
LA  - eng
PT  - Comparative Study
PT  - Journal Article
TT  - Habilidades auditivas de figura-fundo e fechamento em controladores de trafego
      aereo.
DEP - 20171204
PL  - Brazil
TA  - Codas
JT  - CoDAS
JID - 101623246
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Auditory Perception/*physiology
MH  - Auditory Threshold
MH  - *Aviation
MH  - Burnout, Professional/etiology/*psychology
MH  - Female
MH  - Hearing Tests/*psychology
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Military Personnel
MH  - *Noise, Occupational
MH  - Occupational Exposure
MH  - Pregnancy
MH  - Self Report
MH  - Young Adult
EDAT- 2017/12/07 06:00
MHDA- 2018/02/01 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/07 06:00
PHST- 2016/10/05 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/07/03 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/12/07 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/07 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/02/01 06:00 [medline]
AID - S2317-17822017000600303 [pii]
AID - 10.1590/2317-1782/20172016201 [doi]
PST - epublish
SO  - Codas. 2017 Dec 4;29(6):e20160201. doi: 10.1590/2317-1782/20172016201.