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Australian children with cleft palate achieve age-appropriate speech by 5 years of age.

Abstract Children with cleft palate demonstrate atypical speech sound development, which can influence their intelligibility, literacy and learning. There is limited documentation regarding how speech sound errors change over time in cleft palate speech and the effect that these errors have upon mono-versus polysyllabic word production. The objective of this study was to examine the phonetic and phonological speech skills of children with cleft palate at ages 3 and 5.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Child

Cleft palate

Phonetic

Phonological

Polysyllable

Speech

Journal Title international journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29224774
OWN - NLM
STAT- In-Process
LR  - 20171211
IS  - 1872-8464 (Electronic)
IS  - 0165-5876 (Linking)
VI  - 103
DP  - 2017 Dec
TI  - Australian children with cleft palate achieve age-appropriate speech by 5 years
      of age.
PG  - 93-102
LID - S0165-5876(17)30463-9 [pii]
LID - 10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.09.030 [doi]
AB  - INTRODUCTION: Children with cleft palate demonstrate atypical speech sound
      development, which can influence their intelligibility, literacy and learning.
      There is limited documentation regarding how speech sound errors change over time
      in cleft palate speech and the effect that these errors have upon mono-versus
      polysyllabic word production. The objective of this study was to examine the
      phonetic and phonological speech skills of children with cleft palate at ages 3
      and 5. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational design was used. Eligible
      participants were aged 3 or 5 years with a repaired cleft palate. The Diagnostic 
      Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology (DEAP) Articulation subtest and a
      non-standardised list of mono- and polysyllabic words were administered once for 
      each child. The Profile of Phonology (PROPH) was used to analyse each child's
      speech. RESULTS: N = 51 children with cleft palate participated in the study.
      Three-year-old children with cleft palate produced significantly more speech
      errors than their typically-developing peers, but no difference was apparent at 5
      years. The 5-year-olds demonstrated greater phonetic and phonological accuracy
      than the 3-year-old children. Polysyllabic words were more affected by errors
      than monosyllables in the 3-year-old group only. CONCLUSIONS: Children with cleft
      palate are prone to phonetic and phonological speech errors in their preschool
      years. Most of these speech errors approximate typically-developing children by 5
      years. At 3 years, word shape has an influence upon phonological speech accuracy.
      Speech pathology intervention is indicated to support the intelligibility of
      these children from their earliest stages of development.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
FAU - Chacon, Antonia
AU  - Chacon A
AD  - The University of Sydney, Faculty of Health Sciences, Cumberland Campus C42, PO
      Box 170, Lidcombe, NSW 1825, Australia. Electronic address:
      [email protected]
FAU - Parkin, Melissa
AU  - Parkin M
AD  - Sydney Children's Hospital, Randwick, High Street, Randwick NSW 2031, Australia. 
      Electronic address: [email protected]
FAU - Broome, Kate
AU  - Broome K
AD  - Sydney Children's Hospital, Randwick, High Street, Randwick NSW 2031, Australia. 
      Electronic address: [email protected]
FAU - Purcell, Alison
AU  - Purcell A
AD  - The University of Sydney, Faculty of Health Sciences, Cumberland Campus C42, PO
      Box 170, Lidcombe, NSW 1825, Australia; Sydney Children's Hospital, Randwick,
      High Street, Randwick NSW 2031, Australia. Electronic address:
      [email protected]
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170928
PL  - Ireland
TA  - Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol
JT  - International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
JID - 8003603
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Child
OT  - Cleft palate
OT  - Phonetic
OT  - Phonological
OT  - Polysyllable
OT  - Speech
EDAT- 2017/12/12 06:00
MHDA- 2017/12/12 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/12 06:00
PHST- 2017/05/04 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/09/23 00:00 [revised]
PHST- 2017/09/26 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/12/12 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/12 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2017/12/12 06:00 [medline]
AID - S0165-5876(17)30463-9 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.09.030 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2017 Dec;103:93-102. doi:
      10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.09.030. Epub 2017 Sep 28.