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Age of First Arrhythmic Event in Brugada Syndrome: Data From the SABRUS (Survey on Arrhythmic Events in Brugada Syndrome) in 678 Patients.

Abstract Data on the age at first arrhythmic event (AE) in Brugada syndrome are from limited patient cohorts. The aim of this study is 2-fold: (1) to define the age at first AE in a large cohort of patients with Brugada syndrome, and (2) to assess the influence of the mode of AE documentation, sex, and ethnicity on the age at first AE.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Defibrillators, Implantable

Keywords

Asian continental ancestry group

Brugada syndrome

adult

death, sudden, cardiac

mass screening

Journal Title circulation. arrhythmia and electrophysiology
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29254945
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20171222
LR  - 20171222
IS  - 1941-3084 (Electronic)
IS  - 1941-3084 (Linking)
VI  - 10
IP  - 12
DP  - 2017 Dec
TI  - Age of First Arrhythmic Event in Brugada Syndrome: Data From the SABRUS (Survey
      on Arrhythmic Events in Brugada Syndrome) in 678 Patients.
LID - e005222 [pii]
LID - 10.1161/CIRCEP.117.005222 [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: Data on the age at first arrhythmic event (AE) in Brugada syndrome
      are from limited patient cohorts. The aim of this study is 2-fold: (1) to define 
      the age at first AE in a large cohort of patients with Brugada syndrome, and (2) 
      to assess the influence of the mode of AE documentation, sex, and ethnicity on
      the age at first AE. METHODS AND RESULTS: A survey of 23 centers from 10 Western 
      and 4 Asian countries gathered data from 678 patients with Brugada syndrome
      (91.3% men) with first AE documented at time of aborted cardiac arrest (group A, 
      n=426) or after prophylactic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation 
      (group B, n=252). The vast majority (94.2%) of the patients were 16 to 70 years
      old at the time of AE, whereas pediatric (<16 years) and elderly patients (>70
      years) comprised 4.3% and 1.5%, respectively. Peak AE rate occurred between 38
      and 48 years (mean, 41.9+/-14.8; range, 0.27-84 years). Group A patients were
      younger than in Group B by a mean of 6.7 years (46.1+/-13.2 versus 39.4+/-15.0
      years; P<0.001). In adult patients (>/=16 years), women experienced AE 6.5 years 
      later than men (P=0.003). Whites and Asians exhibited their AE at the same median
      age (43 years). CONCLUSIONS: SABRUS (Survey on Arrhythmic Events in Brugada
      Syndrome) presents the first analysis on the age distribution of AE in Brugada
      syndrome, suggesting 2 age cutoffs (16 and 70 years) that might be important for 
      decision-making. It also allows gaining insights on the influence of mode of
      arrhythmia documentation, patient sex, and ethnic origin on the age at AE.
CI  - (c) 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.
FAU - Milman, Anat
AU  - Milman A
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Andorin, Antoine
AU  - Andorin A
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Gourraud, Jean-Baptiste
AU  - Gourraud JB
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Sacher, Frederic
AU  - Sacher F
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Mabo, Philippe
AU  - Mabo P
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Kim, Sung-Hwan
AU  - Kim SH
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Maeda, Shingo
AU  - Maeda S
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Takahashi, Yoshihide
AU  - Takahashi Y
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Kamakura, Tsukasa
AU  - Kamakura T
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Aiba, Takeshi
AU  - Aiba T
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Conte, Giulio
AU  - Conte G
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Juang, Jimmy J M
AU  - Juang JJM
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Leshem, Eran
AU  - Leshem E
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Rahkovich, Michael
AU  - Rahkovich M
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Hochstadt, Aviram
AU  - Hochstadt A
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Mizusawa, Yuka
AU  - Mizusawa Y
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Postema, Pieter G
AU  - Postema PG
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Arbelo, Elena
AU  - Arbelo E
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Huang, Zhengrong
AU  - Huang Z
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Denjoy, Isabelle
AU  - Denjoy I
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Giustetto, Carla
AU  - Giustetto C
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Wijeyeratne, Yanushi D
AU  - Wijeyeratne YD
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Napolitano, Carlo
AU  - Napolitano C
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Michowitz, Yoav
AU  - Michowitz Y
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Brugada, Ramon
AU  - Brugada R
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Casado-Arroyo, Ruben
AU  - Casado-Arroyo R
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Champagne, Jean
AU  - Champagne J
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Calo, Leonardo
AU  - Calo L
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Sarquella-Brugada, Georgia
AU  - Sarquella-Brugada G
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Tfelt-Hansen, Jacob
AU  - Tfelt-Hansen J
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Priori, Silvia G
AU  - Priori SG
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Takagi, Masahiko
AU  - Takagi M
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Veltmann, Christian
AU  - Veltmann C
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Delise, Pietro
AU  - Delise P
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Corrado, Domenico
AU  - Corrado D
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Behr, Elijah R
AU  - Behr ER
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Gaita, Fiorenzo
AU  - Gaita F
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Yan, Gan-Xin
AU  - Yan GX
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Brugada, Josep
AU  - Brugada J
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Leenhardt, Antoine
AU  - Leenhardt A
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Wilde, Arthur A M
AU  - Wilde AAM
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Brugada, Pedro
AU  - Brugada P
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Kusano, Kengo F
AU  - Kusano KF
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Hirao, Kenzo
AU  - Hirao K
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Nam, Gi-Byoung
AU  - Nam GB
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Probst, Vincent
AU  - Probst V
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.).
FAU - Belhassen, Bernard
AU  - Belhassen B
AD  - From the Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, 
      Israel (A.M., E.L., M.R., Y.M., B.B.); Service de Cardiologie, L'institut du
      Thorax, CHU de Nantes, France (A.A., J.-B.G., V.P.); INSERM 1045, LIRYC
      Institute, Bordeaux University Hospital, France (F.S.); Division of Cardiology
      and Vascular Disease, Rennes University Health Centre, France (P.M.); Division of
      Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic
      University of Korea, Seoul (S.-H.K.); Heart Rhythm Center, Department of
      Cardiovascular Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan (S.M., Y.T., 
      K.H.); Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular
      Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan (T.K., T.A., 
      K.F.K.); Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ-VUB (Universitair Ziekenhuis
      Brussel-Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Belgium (G.C., P.B.); Cardiovascular Center 
      and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan
      University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei
      (J.J.M.J.); Department of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,
      Boston, MA (E.L.); Arrhythmia Services, Cardiology Division, Department of
      Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M.R.);
      Department of Internal Medicine J, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Israel (A.H.);
      Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, Heart Centre AMC (Academisch 
      Medisch Centrum), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Y.M., P.G.P.,
      A.A.M.W.); Hospital Clinic Pediatric Arrhythmia Unit, Cardiovascular Institute,
      Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology and Sudden Death Unit, Cardiology
      Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Spain (E.A.,
      J.B.); Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 
      Fujian, China (Z.H.); Service de Cardiologie et CNMR Maladies Cardiaques
      Hereditaires Rares, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Universite Paris 
      Diderot, Sorbonne, Paris, France (I.D., A.L.); Division of Cardiology, Department
      of Medical Sciences, Citta della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, University of
      Torino, Italy (C.G., F.G.); Cardiovascular Sciences, St George's, University of
      London, United Kingdom (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Cardiology Clinical Academic Group, St
      George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
      (Y.D.W., E.R.B.); Department of Molecular Cardiology, Istituti Clinici
      Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy (C.N., S.G.P.); Cardiovascular Genetics
      Center, Institut d'Investigacio Biomedica Girona-IdIBGi, Spain (R.B.); Department
      of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
      (R.C.-A.); Department of Cardiology, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Canada
      (J.C.); Division of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino, Roma, Italy (L.C.);
      Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Sudden
      Death Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain 
      (G.S.-B.); Department of Cardiology, Heart Centre, Copenhagen University
      Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Medicine and Surgery, 
      University of Copenhagen, Denmark (J.T.-H.); Department of Molecular Medicine,
      University of Pavia, Italy (S.G.P.); Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka
      City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan (M.T.); Division of
      Rhythmology and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiology, Hannover Medical
      School, Germany (C.V.); Division of Cardiology, Hospital of Peschiera del Garda, 
      Veneto, Italy (P.D.); Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences,
      University of Padova, Italy (D.C.); Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
      (G.-X.Y.); and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan
      Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (G.-B.N.). 
      [email protected]
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Multicenter Study
DEP - 20171218
PL  - United States
TA  - Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol
JT  - Circulation. Arrhythmia and electrophysiology
JID - 101474365
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - Age of Onset
MH  - Aged
MH  - Brugada Syndrome/*physiopathology/*therapy
MH  - *Defibrillators, Implantable
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Prognosis
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Asian continental ancestry group
OT  - Brugada syndrome
OT  - adult
OT  - death, sudden, cardiac
OT  - mass screening
EDAT- 2017/12/20 06:00
MHDA- 2017/12/23 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/20 06:00
PHST- 2017/03/08 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/11/06 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/12/20 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/20 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2017/12/23 06:00 [medline]
AID - CIRCEP.117.005222 [pii]
AID - 10.1161/CIRCEP.117.005222 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2017 Dec;10(12). pii: CIRCEP.117.005222. doi:
      10.1161/CIRCEP.117.005222. Epub 2017 Dec 18.