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Risk factors for retinal detachment in Togo.

Abstract Retinal detachment poses management problems in developing countries due to the shortage of technical equipment. Prevention passes through knowledge and elimination of risk factors. This study aimed to identify the risk factors for retinal detachment in people living in Togo.
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Detachment

Togo

retina

risk factors

Journal Title the pan african medical journal
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29255544
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20171222
LR  - 20171222
IS  - 1937-8688 (Electronic)
VI  - 28
DP  - 2017
TI  - [Risk factors for retinal detachment in Togo].
PG  - 74
LID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.74.13418 [doi]
AB  - Introduction: Retinal detachment poses management problems in developing
      countries due to the shortage of technical equipment. Prevention passes through
      knowledge and elimination of risk factors. This study aimed to identify the risk 
      factors for retinal detachment in people living in Togo. Methods: We conducted a 
      retrospective and descriptive study in the Department of Ophthalmology at the
      Chu-Campus and in an ophthalmology office in Lome from 2 January 2011 to 31
      December 2015. The medical records of patients with retinal detachment were
      included in the study. The diagnosis of retinal detachment was confirmed based on
      funduscopic exam or ocular ultrasound. Results: in total, 116 eyes of 100
      patients had retinal detachment of whom 40 in the RE, 44 in the LE and 16
      bilaterally. The average age of patients was 46.65 +/- 16.46 years [07 years; 87 
      years], with a male predominance and with a sex-ratio = 0.32 (W/M). Diabetic
      patients accounted for 17% and patients with sickle cell disease accounted for
      16%. Myopic patients accounted for 5%, pseudophakic patients accounted for 17.2% 
      and aphakic patients accounted for 3.4%. Four patients had retinal tear (14.28%
      of rhegmatogenous detachment) including 2 superotemporal tears, 1 inferior nasal 
      tear and 1 inferior temporala tear. 35 eyes (52.2%) had total retinal detachment 
      while 24 eyes (35.8%) had partial retinal detachment. Twenty eyes had
      vitreoretinal proliferations, 5 eyes had itreous hemorrhage and 6 eyes had
      hyalite. Diabetes and sickle cell disease were the risk factors for tractional RD
      (p=0.006 and p=0.0003) while cataract surgery was the risk factor for
      rhegmatogenous RD (p=0.0097). Conclusion: Diabetes, sickle cell anemia and eye
      surgery were the major risk factors for RD. A better management of these
      pathologies and ophthalmologist's mastery of cataract surgery may prevent retinal
      detachment.
FAU - Maneh, Nidain
AU  - Maneh N
AD  - Universite de Lome, FSS, Service d'Ophtalmologie Chu-Campus de Lome, Togo.
FAU - Tchapbou Moyou, Daniele Christelle
AU  - Tchapbou Moyou DC
AD  - Service d'Ophtalmologie Chu-Campus de Lome, Togo.
FAU - Nonon Saa, Kassoula Batomaguela
AU  - Nonon Saa KB
AD  - Universite de Lome, FSS, Service d'Ophtalmologie Chr Sokode, Togo.
FAU - Amedome, Messan Kokou
AU  - Amedome MK
AD  - Universite de Lome, FSS, Service d'Ophtalmologie CHU-Kara Togo.
FAU - Dzidzinyo, Kossi
AU  - Dzidzinyo K
AD  - Universite de Lome, FSS, Service d'Ophtalmologie CHU Sylvanus Olympio Lome-Togo.
FAU - Diatewa, Benedicte Marebe
AU  - Diatewa BM
AD  - Service d'Ophtalmologie Chu-Campus de Lome, Togo.
FAU - Ayena, Koffi Didier
AU  - Ayena KD
AD  - Universite de Lome, FSS, Service d'Ophtalmologie Hopital de Be.
FAU - Banla, Meba
AU  - Banla M
AD  - Universite de Lome, FSS, Service d'Ophtalmologie Chu-Campus de Lome, Togo.
FAU - Balo, Komi Patrice
AU  - Balo KP
AD  - Universite de Lome, FSS, Service d'Ophtalmologie CHU Sylvanus Olympio Lome-Togo.
LA  - fre
PT  - Journal Article
TT  - Facteurs de risque du decollement de retine au Togo.
DEP - 20170926
PL  - Uganda
TA  - Pan Afr Med J
JT  - The Pan African medical journal
JID - 101517926
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - Aged
MH  - Aged, 80 and over
MH  - Anemia, Sickle Cell/*complications/epidemiology
MH  - Cataract Extraction/*adverse effects
MH  - Child
MH  - Diabetes Mellitus/*epidemiology
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Retinal Detachment/diagnosis/*etiology
MH  - Retinal Perforations/epidemiology
MH  - Retrospective Studies
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Togo
MH  - Young Adult
PMC - PMC5724729
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Detachment
OT  - Togo
OT  - retina
OT  - risk factors
EDAT- 2017/12/20 06:00
MHDA- 2017/12/23 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/20 06:00
PHST- 2017/07/20 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/09/03 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/12/20 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/20 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2017/12/23 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.74.13418 [doi]
AID - PAMJ-28-74 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Pan Afr Med J. 2017 Sep 26;28:74. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.74.13418.
      eCollection 2017.