PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.




PMID- 29255560
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20171222
LR  - 20171222
IS  - 1937-8688 (Electronic)
VI  - 28
DP  - 2017
TI  - Pattern and outcome of acute kidney injury among Sudanese adults admitted to a
      tertiary level hospital: a retrospective cohort study.
PG  - 90
LID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.90.11054 [doi]
AB  - Introduction: Little is known about the pattern and outcome of Acute Kidney
      injury (AKI) in Sudan. This study aimed to determine the etiology and outcome of 
      AKI among Sudanese adults. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in
      a tertiary level hospital, Soba University Hospital, Sudan. The medical records
      of all adults admitted to hospital from the 1(st) of January to 31(st) of
      December 2014 were reviewed. The diagnosis and severity of AKI was defined as per
      the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) recommendations. Results:
      The medical records of 6769 patients were reviewed. AKI was diagnosed in 384
      patients (5.7%); being community acquired in 82.6% of cases. Sepsis, volume
      depletion, obstructive uropathy, heart failure, acute glomerulonephritis and
      severe malaria were the commonest causes of AKI diagnosed in 44%, 38.5%, 8.9%,
      5.7%, 4.7% and 3.1% of patients, respectively. Following treatment complete renal
      recovery was seen in 35.7% of patients; whereas 31.2% of patients died.
      Predictors of increased risk of death were old age [OR 1.03, 95% CI (1.01-1.057);
      P=0.003], presence of chronic liver disease [OR 2.877, 95% CI (1.5-5.5);
      P=0.001], sepsis [OR 2.51, 95% CI (1.912-4.493);P=0.002] and the severity of AKI 
      [OR 3.873, 95% CI(1.498-10.013);P=0.005]. Conclusion: AKI was diagnosed in 5.7%
      of adults admitted to hospital. Most patients were having community acquired AKI.
      Old age, the presence of chronic liver disease, sepsis, and the severity of AKI
      as per KDIQO staging were significant predictors of mortality.
FAU - Osman, Marwa
AU  - Osman M
AD  - Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine University of Khartoum,
      Sudan.
FAU - Shigidi, Mazin
AU  - Shigidi M
AD  - Dr. Salma Centre for Kidney Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of
      Khartoum, Sudan.
FAU - Ahmed, Haider
AU  - Ahmed H
AD  - Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine University of Khartoum,
      Sudan.
FAU - Abdelrahman, Ihab
AU  - Abdelrahman I
AD  - Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine University of Khartoum, Sudan.
FAU - Karrar, Wieam
AU  - Karrar W
AD  - Dr. Salma Centre for Kidney Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of
      Khartoum, Sudan.
FAU - Elhassan, Elhussein
AU  - Elhassan E
AD  - Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan.
FAU - Shwaib, Hussam
AU  - Shwaib H
AD  - Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine University of Khartoum,
      Sudan.
FAU - Ibrahim, Rayyan
AU  - Ibrahim R
AD  - Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine University of Khartoum,
      Sudan.
FAU - Abdalla, Marwa
AU  - Abdalla M
AD  - Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170929
PL  - Uganda
TA  - Pan Afr Med J
JT  - The Pan African medical journal
JID - 101517926
SB  - IM
MH  - Acute Kidney Injury/*epidemiology/mortality/physiopathology
MH  - Adult
MH  - Age Factors
MH  - Aged
MH  - Cohort Studies
MH  - Female
MH  - Hospitals, University
MH  - Humans
MH  - Liver Diseases/*complications/epidemiology
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Retrospective Studies
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Sepsis/*complications/epidemiology
MH  - Severity of Illness Index
MH  - Sudan
MH  - Tertiary Care Centers
PMC - PMC5724955
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Acute kidney injury
OT  - Sudan
OT  - adults
OT  - etiology
OT  - outcome
EDAT- 2017/12/20 06:00
MHDA- 2017/12/23 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/20 06:00
PHST- 2016/10/29 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/08/29 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/12/20 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/20 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2017/12/23 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.90.11054 [doi]
AID - PAMJ-28-90 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Pan Afr Med J. 2017 Sep 29;28:90. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.90.11054.
      eCollection 2017.