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Awareness of breast cancer and breast self-examination among female undergraduate students in a higher teachers training college in Cameroon.

Abstract The incidence of breast cancer (BCa) in Cameroon is on the rise and accounts for a leading cause of mortality. An understanding of the knowledge and practices on breast cancer and breast self-examination (BSE) among teachers are important first steps which will guide the designing of interventions aimed at raising awareness across the general population.
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice

Keywords

Breast cancer

Cameroon

breast self-examination

female students

knowledge

practice

Journal Title the pan african medical journal
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29255561
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20171222
LR  - 20171222
IS  - 1937-8688 (Electronic)
VI  - 28
DP  - 2017
TI  - Awareness of breast cancer and breast self-examination among female undergraduate
      students in a higher teachers training college in Cameroon.
PG  - 91
LID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.91.10986 [doi]
AB  - Introduction: The incidence of breast cancer (BCa) in Cameroon is on the rise and
      accounts for a leading cause of mortality. An understanding of the knowledge and 
      practices on breast cancer and breast self-examination (BSE) among teachers are
      important first steps which will guide the designing of interventions aimed at
      raising awareness across the general population. Methods: We conducted a
      cross-sectional study in April 2016 involving 345 consenting female undergraduate
      students in the Higher Teachers Training College, Bambili, Cameroon. Data was
      collected using a pretested self-administered questionnaire and analysed using
      descriptive methods. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 22.5+/-3.2years
      and a vast majority (n = 304, 88.1%) had heard about BCa primarily from the
      television/radio (n=196, 64.5%). Overall, less than a quarter (n=65, 21.4%) of
      respondents who had heard about BCa had sufficient knowledge on its risk factors 
      and signs/symptoms. A plurality (53.3%) thought BCa can be prevented via
      vaccination while over a third (38.7%) opined that BCa can be treated
      spiritually. Less than half (47%) of respondents who had heard about BCa had
      heard about BSE amongst which only 55 (38.5%) had ever practiced it. Conclusion: 
      Though most students are aware of the existence of breast cancer, their overall
      knowledge on its risk factors and clinical presentation is insufficient with a
      concomitant low practice of BSE. These highlighted gaps warrants intensification 
      of sensitization campaigns and educational programmes in order to raise knowledge
      levels and enhance prevention strategies that would aid in reducing the burden of
      breast cancer in Cameroon.
FAU - Sama, Carlson-Babila
AU  - Sama CB
AD  - Bambalang Sub-Divisional Hospital, Northwest Region, Cameroon.
AD  - Galactic Corps Research Group (GCRG), Cameroon and Faculty of Health Sciences,
      University of Buea, Cameroon.
FAU - Dzekem, Bonaventure
AU  - Dzekem B
AD  - Galactic Corps Research Group (GCRG), Cameroon and Faculty of Health Sciences,
      University of Buea, Cameroon.
AD  - Clinical Research Education, Networking and Consultancy (CRENC), Douala, Cameroon
      and Health Services Partner Cameroon.
FAU - Kehbila, Jules
AU  - Kehbila J
AD  - Galactic Corps Research Group (GCRG), Cameroon and Faculty of Health Sciences,
      University of Buea, Cameroon.
AD  - Grace Community Health and Development Association (GRACHADA), Kumba, Cameroon.
FAU - Ekabe, Cyril Jabea
AU  - Ekabe CJ
AD  - Galactic Corps Research Group (GCRG), Cameroon and Faculty of Health Sciences,
      University of Buea, Cameroon.
AD  - Grace Community Health and Development Association (GRACHADA), Kumba, Cameroon.
FAU - Vofo, Brice
AU  - Vofo B
AD  - Galactic Corps Research Group (GCRG), Cameroon and Faculty of Health Sciences,
      University of Buea, Cameroon.
AD  - Ntam Medicalised Health Centre, Kumba, Cameroon.
FAU - Abua, Naomi Liteba
AU  - Abua NL
AD  - Galactic Corps Research Group (GCRG), Cameroon and Faculty of Health Sciences,
      University of Buea, Cameroon.
FAU - Dingana, Therence Nwana
AU  - Dingana TN
AD  - Galactic Corps Research Group (GCRG), Cameroon and Faculty of Health Sciences,
      University of Buea, Cameroon.
AD  - Catholic General Hospital, Njinikom, Northwest Region, Cameroon.
FAU - Iii, Fru Angwafo
AU  - Iii FA
AD  - Gynaeco-Obstetric and Paediatric Hospital and Department of Surgery, University
      Teaching Hospital, Yaounde, Cameroon.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170929
PL  - Uganda
TA  - Pan Afr Med J
JT  - The Pan African medical journal
JID - 101517926
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Breast Neoplasms/*diagnosis
MH  - Breast Self-Examination/*psychology
MH  - Cameroon
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Female
MH  - *Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
MH  - Humans
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Students/*psychology/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
MH  - Universities
MH  - Young Adult
PMC - PMC5724944
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Breast cancer
OT  - Cameroon
OT  - breast self-examination
OT  - female students
OT  - knowledge
OT  - practice
EDAT- 2017/12/20 06:00
MHDA- 2017/12/23 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/20 06:00
PHST- 2016/10/19 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/09/16 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/12/20 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/20 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2017/12/23 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.91.10986 [doi]
AID - PAMJ-28-91 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Pan Afr Med J. 2017 Sep 29;28:91. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.91.10986.
      eCollection 2017.