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Effect of optical correction on subfoveal choroidal thickness in children with anisohypermetropic amblyopia.

Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of optical correction on the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and subfoveal choroidal thickness (CT) in the eyes of children with anisohypermetropic amblyopia. Twenty-four anisohypermetropic amblyopic eyes and their fellow eyes of 24 patients and twenty-three eyes of 23 age-matched control children were studied. After one year of optical correction, the BCVA in the anisohypermetropic amblyopic eyes was significantly improved. Before the treatment, the mean subfoveal CT in the amblyopic eyes was 351.9 ± 59.4 μm which was significantly thicker than that of control eyes at 302.4 ± 63.2 μm. After the treatment, the amount of change in the subfoveal CT in the amblyopic and fellow eyes was greater than that in the control eyes. The amblyopic and fellow eyes with thicker choroids had a greater thinning of the choroid whereas eyes with thinner choroids had a greater thickening of the choroid. We conclude that wearing corrective lenses improves the visual acuity, and induces changes of the subfoveal CT in eyes with anisohypermetropic amblyopia.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords
Journal Title plos one
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29261750
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180108
LR  - 20180108
IS  - 1932-6203 (Electronic)
IS  - 1932-6203 (Linking)
VI  - 12
IP  - 12
DP  - 2017
TI  - Effect of optical correction on subfoveal choroidal thickness in children with
      anisohypermetropic amblyopia.
PG  - e0189735
LID - 10.1371/journal.pone.0189735 [doi]
AB  - The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of optical correction on
      the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and subfoveal choroidal thickness (CT) in
      the eyes of children with anisohypermetropic amblyopia. Twenty-four
      anisohypermetropic amblyopic eyes and their fellow eyes of 24 patients and
      twenty-three eyes of 23 age-matched control children were studied. After one year
      of optical correction, the BCVA in the anisohypermetropic amblyopic eyes was
      significantly improved. Before the treatment, the mean subfoveal CT in the
      amblyopic eyes was 351.9 +/- 59.4 mum which was significantly thicker than that
      of control eyes at 302.4 +/- 63.2 mum. After the treatment, the amount of change 
      in the subfoveal CT in the amblyopic and fellow eyes was greater than that in the
      control eyes. The amblyopic and fellow eyes with thicker choroids had a greater
      thinning of the choroid whereas eyes with thinner choroids had a greater
      thickening of the choroid. We conclude that wearing corrective lenses improves
      the visual acuity, and induces changes of the subfoveal CT in eyes with
      anisohypermetropic amblyopia.
FAU - Nishi, Tomo
AU  - Nishi T
AUID- ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9930-7026
AD  - Department of Ophthalmology, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan.
FAU - Ueda, Tetsuo
AU  - Ueda T
AD  - Department of Ophthalmology, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan.
FAU - Mizusawa, Yuutaro
AU  - Mizusawa Y
AD  - Department of Ophthalmology, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan.
FAU - Semba, Kentaro
AU  - Semba K
AD  - Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima
      University Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan.
FAU - Shinomiya, Kayo
AU  - Shinomiya K
AD  - Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima
      University Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan.
FAU - Mitamura, Yoshinori
AU  - Mitamura Y
AD  - Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima
      University Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan.
FAU - Sakamoto, Taiji
AU  - Sakamoto T
AD  - Department of Ophthalmology, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and 
      Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan.
FAU - Ogata, Nahoko
AU  - Ogata N
AD  - Department of Ophthalmology, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan.
LA  - eng
PT  - Comparative Study
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Observational Study
DEP - 20171219
PL  - United States
TA  - PLoS One
JT  - PloS one
JID - 101285081
SB  - IM
MH  - Amblyopia/*complications/*pathology/physiopathology
MH  - Anisometropia/*complications/*pathology/physiopathology
MH  - Case-Control Studies
MH  - Child
MH  - Child, Preschool
MH  - Choroid/*pathology/physiopathology
MH  - Demography
MH  - Female
MH  - Fovea Centralis/*pathology/physiopathology
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Tomography, Optical Coherence
MH  - Visual Acuity
PMC - PMC5736200
EDAT- 2017/12/21 06:00
MHDA- 2018/01/09 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/21 06:00
PHST- 2017/06/26 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/11/30 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/12/21 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/21 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/01/09 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1371/journal.pone.0189735 [doi]
AID - PONE-D-17-24124 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - PLoS One. 2017 Dec 19;12(12):e0189735. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0189735.
      eCollection 2017.