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Prevalence of Obesity Among Adults, by Household Income and Education - United States, 2011-2014.

Abstract Studies have suggested that obesity prevalence varies by income and educational level, although patterns might differ between high-income and low-income countries (1-3). Previous analyses of U.S. data have shown that the prevalence of obesity varied by income and education, but results were not consistent by sex and race/Hispanic origin (4). Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC analyzed obesity prevalence among adults (aged ≥20 years) by three levels of household income, based on percentage (≤130%, >130% to ≤350%, and >350%) of the federal poverty level (FPL) and individual education level (high school graduate or less, some college, and college graduate). During 2011-2014, the age-adjusted prevalence of obesity among adults was lower in the highest income group (31.2%) than the other groups (40.8% [>130% to ≤350%] and 39.0% [≤130%]). The age-adjusted prevalence of obesity among college graduates was lower (27.8%) than among those with some college (40.6%) and those who were high school graduates or less (40.0%). The patterns were not consistent across all sex and racial/Hispanic origin subgroups. Continued progress is needed to achieve the Healthy People 2020 targets of reducing age-adjusted obesity prevalence to <30.5% and reducing disparities (5).
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Educational Status

Health Status Disparities

Keywords
Journal Title mmwr. morbidity and mortality weekly report
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29267260
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180102
LR  - 20180102
IS  - 1545-861X (Electronic)
IS  - 0149-2195 (Linking)
VI  - 66
IP  - 50
DP  - 2017 Dec 22
TI  - Prevalence of Obesity Among Adults, by Household Income and Education - United
      States, 2011-2014.
PG  - 1369-1373
LID - 10.15585/mmwr.mm6650a1 [doi]
AB  - Studies have suggested that obesity prevalence varies by income and educational
      level, although patterns might differ between high-income and low-income
      countries (1-3). Previous analyses of U.S. data have shown that the prevalence of
      obesity varied by income and education, but results were not consistent by sex
      and race/Hispanic origin (4). Using data from the National Health and Nutrition
      Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC analyzed obesity prevalence among adults (aged
      &gt;/=20 years) by three levels of household income, based on percentage (&lt;/=130%,
      &gt;130% to &lt;/=350%, and &gt;350%) of the federal poverty level (FPL) and individual
      education level (high school graduate or less, some college, and college
      graduate). During 2011-2014, the age-adjusted prevalence of obesity among adults 
      was lower in the highest income group (31.2%) than the other groups (40.8% [&gt;130%
      to &lt;/=350%] and 39.0% [&lt;/=130%]). The age-adjusted prevalence of obesity among
      college graduates was lower (27.8%) than among those with some college (40.6%)
      and those who were high school graduates or less (40.0%). The patterns were not
      consistent across all sex and racial/Hispanic origin subgroups. Continued
      progress is needed to achieve the Healthy People 2020 targets of reducing
      age-adjusted obesity prevalence to &lt;30.5% and reducing disparities (5).
FAU - Ogden, Cynthia L
AU  - Ogden CL
FAU - Fakhouri, Tala H
AU  - Fakhouri TH
FAU - Carroll, Margaret D
AU  - Carroll MD
FAU - Hales, Craig M
AU  - Hales CM
FAU - Fryar, Cheryl D
AU  - Fryar CD
FAU - Li, Xianfen
AU  - Li X
FAU - Freedman, David S
AU  - Freedman DS
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20171222
PL  - United States
TA  - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep
JT  - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
JID - 7802429
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Continental Population Groups/statistics &amp; numerical data
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - *Educational Status
MH  - Female
MH  - *Health Status Disparities
MH  - Hispanic Americans/statistics &amp; numerical data
MH  - Humans
MH  - Income/*statistics &amp; numerical data
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Nutrition Surveys
MH  - Obesity/*epidemiology/ethnology
MH  - Poverty/statistics &amp; numerical data
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - United States/epidemiology
MH  - Young Adult
EDAT- 2017/12/22 06:00
MHDA- 2018/01/03 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/22 06:00
PHST- 2017/12/22 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/22 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/01/03 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.15585/mmwr.mm6650a1 [doi]
PST - epublish
SO  - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017 Dec 22;66(50):1369-1373. doi:
      10.15585/mmwr.mm6650a1.