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Quantifying the burden of vampire bat rabies in Peruvian livestock.

Abstract Knowledge of infectious disease burden is necessary to appropriately allocate resources for prevention and control. In Latin America, rabies is among the most important zoonoses for human health and agriculture, but the burden of disease attributed to its main reservoir, the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus), remains uncertain.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Cost of Illness

Keywords
Journal Title plos neglected tropical diseases
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29267276
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180104
LR  - 20180104
IS  - 1935-2735 (Electronic)
IS  - 1935-2727 (Linking)
VI  - 11
IP  - 12
DP  - 2017 Dec
TI  - Quantifying the burden of vampire bat rabies in Peruvian livestock.
PG  - e0006105
LID - 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006105 [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: Knowledge of infectious disease burden is necessary to appropriately 
      allocate resources for prevention and control. In Latin America, rabies is among 
      the most important zoonoses for human health and agriculture, but the burden of
      disease attributed to its main reservoir, the common vampire bat (Desmodus
      rotundus), remains uncertain. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We used
      questionnaires to quantify under-reporting of livestock deaths across 40
      agricultural communities with differing access to health resources and
      epidemiological histories of vampire bat rabies (VBR) in the regions of Apurimac,
      Ayacucho and Cusco in southern Peru. Farmers who believed VBR was absent from
      their communities were one third as likely to report livestock deaths from
      disease as those who believed VBR was present, and under-reporting increased with
      distance from reporting offices. Using generalized mixed-effect models that
      captured spatial autocorrelation in reporting, we project 4.6 (95% CI: 4.4-8.2)
      rabies cases per reported case and identify geographic areas with potentially
      greater VBR burden than indicated by official reports. Spatially-corrected models
      estimate 505-724 cattle deaths from VBR in our study area during 2014 (421-444
      deaths/100,000 cattle), costing US$121,797-171,992. Cost benefit analysis
      favoured vaccinating all cattle over the current practice of partial vaccination 
      or halting vaccination all together. CONCLUSIONS: Our study represents the first 
      estimate of the burden of VBR in Latin America to incorporate data on reporting
      rates. We confirm the long-suspected cost of VBR to small-scale farmers and show 
      that vaccinating livestock is a cost-effective solution to mitigate the burden of
      VBR. More generally, results highlight that ignoring geographic variation in
      access to health resources can bias estimates of disease burden and risk.
FAU - Benavides, Julio A
AU  - Benavides JA
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0002-3920-9165
AD  - Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, University of 
      Glasgow, Graham Kerr Building, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom.
FAU - Rojas Paniagua, Elizabeth
AU  - Rojas Paniagua E
AD  - Association for the Conservation and Development of Natural Resources, Lima,
      Peru.
FAU - Hampson, Katie
AU  - Hampson K
AD  - Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, University of 
      Glasgow, Graham Kerr Building, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom.
FAU - Valderrama, William
AU  - Valderrama W
AD  - Association for the Conservation and Development of Natural Resources, Lima,
      Peru.
FAU - Streicker, Daniel G
AU  - Streicker DG
AD  - Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, University of 
      Glasgow, Graham Kerr Building, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom.
AD  - MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Sir Henry Wellcome Building,
      Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
DEP - 20171221
PL  - United States
TA  - PLoS Negl Trop Dis
JT  - PLoS neglected tropical diseases
JID - 101291488
SB  - IM
MH  - Animals
MH  - Cattle
MH  - Cattle Diseases/*economics/prevention & control
MH  - Chiroptera/*virology
MH  - *Cost of Illness
MH  - Cost-Benefit Analysis
MH  - Peru
MH  - Rabies/economics/prevention & control/*veterinary
MH  - Vaccination/veterinary
EDAT- 2017/12/22 06:00
MHDA- 2018/01/05 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/22 06:00
PHST- 2017/07/31 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/11/10 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/12/22 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/22 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/01/05 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006105 [doi]
AID - PNTD-D-17-01215 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017 Dec 21;11(12):e0006105. doi:
      10.1371/journal.pntd.0006105. eCollection 2017 Dec.