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Attachment and emotion regulation in substance addictions and behavioral addictions.

Abstract Background Risky behaviors have been related to emotional regulation and attachment, which may constitute risk factors for developing an addictive behavior. However, there may also be differences between substance and non-substance-related addictions. Aims This study aimed to examine the relationship of emotional regulation and attachment, with substance (alcohol and drug abuse), and non-substance-related addictions (gambling disorder, video game addiction, and problematic Internet use) in adolescents and emerging adults. The study also aimed to examine gender differences for such predictors. Methods The sample comprised 472 students aged 13-21 years recruited from high schools and vocational education centers. Results Findings demonstrated that emotion regulation was predictive of all addictive behaviors assessed in this study (alcohol and drug abuse, gambling disorder, video game addiction, and problematic Internet use), whereas attachment predicted non-substance-related addictions (gambling disorder, video game addiction, and problematic Internet use). In addition, gender differences were found, with females scoring significantly higher in maternal and peer attachment, whereas males scored significantly higher in gambling disorder and video game addiction. Conclusion The findings may be useful for preventive and clinical interventions conducted with youth regarding addictive behaviors.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

addiction

alcohol

attachment

behavioral addictions

emotion regulation

substance addictions

Journal Title journal of behavioral addictions
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29280395
OWN - NLM
STAT- In-Process
LR  - 20171227
IS  - 2063-5303 (Electronic)
IS  - 2062-5871 (Linking)
VI  - 6
IP  - 4
DP  - 2017 Dec 1
TI  - Attachment and emotion regulation in substance addictions and behavioral
      addictions.
PG  - 534-544
LID - 10.1556/2006.6.2017.086 [doi]
AB  - Background Risky behaviors have been related to emotional regulation and
      attachment, which may constitute risk factors for developing an addictive
      behavior. However, there may also be differences between substance and
      non-substance-related addictions. Aims This study aimed to examine the
      relationship of emotional regulation and attachment, with substance (alcohol and 
      drug abuse), and non-substance-related addictions (gambling disorder, video game 
      addiction, and problematic Internet use) in adolescents and emerging adults. The 
      study also aimed to examine gender differences for such predictors. Methods The
      sample comprised 472 students aged 13-21 years recruited from high schools and
      vocational education centers. Results Findings demonstrated that emotion
      regulation was predictive of all addictive behaviors assessed in this study
      (alcohol and drug abuse, gambling disorder, video game addiction, and problematic
      Internet use), whereas attachment predicted non-substance-related addictions
      (gambling disorder, video game addiction, and problematic Internet use). In
      addition, gender differences were found, with females scoring significantly
      higher in maternal and peer attachment, whereas males scored significantly higher
      in gambling disorder and video game addiction. Conclusion The findings may be
      useful for preventive and clinical interventions conducted with youth regarding
      addictive behaviors.
FAU - Estevez, Ana
AU  - Estevez A
AD  - 1 Department of Personality, Psychological Assessment and Psychological
      Treatment, University of Deusto , Bilbao, Spain.
FAU - Jauregui, Paula
AU  - Jauregui P
AD  - 1 Department of Personality, Psychological Assessment and Psychological
      Treatment, University of Deusto , Bilbao, Spain.
FAU - Sanchez-Marcos, Inmaculada
AU  - Sanchez-Marcos I
AD  - 1 Department of Personality, Psychological Assessment and Psychological
      Treatment, University of Deusto , Bilbao, Spain.
FAU - Lopez-Gonzalez, Hibai
AU  - Lopez-Gonzalez H
AD  - 1 Department of Personality, Psychological Assessment and Psychological
      Treatment, University of Deusto , Bilbao, Spain.
AD  - 2 International Gaming Research Unit, Nottingham Trent University , Nottingham,
      UK.
FAU - Griffiths, Mark D
AU  - Griffiths MD
AD  - 2 International Gaming Research Unit, Nottingham Trent University , Nottingham,
      UK.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - Hungary
TA  - J Behav Addict
JT  - Journal of behavioral addictions
JID - 101602037
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - addiction
OT  - alcohol
OT  - attachment
OT  - behavioral addictions
OT  - emotion regulation
OT  - substance addictions
EDAT- 2017/12/28 06:00
MHDA- 2017/12/28 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/28 06:00
PHST- 2017/12/28 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/28 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2017/12/28 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1556/2006.6.2017.086 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - J Behav Addict. 2017 Dec 1;6(4):534-544. doi: 10.1556/2006.6.2017.086.