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Humanitarian quarantine in practice: medicine, religion and leprosy in New Caledonia.

Abstract Medicine and religion worked in close synchronisation during the leprosy outbreak of New Caledonia (1890-1950). Once isolation of leprosy-affected people became mandatory doctors and missionaries came together to promote a particular form of medical practice that tied charitable zeal with cutting-edge medical research, developing a sophisticated set of medical practices that catered for the soul as well as the body. Such practices went hand-in-hand with ideas developed by doctors in the earlier stages of the epidemic about the way in which the disease had entered the Kanak (local Melanesian) population. Doctors and missionaries admitted that immoral colonial channels had upset the delicate balance of local social and biological rhythms. Yet they also believed that the highly contagious nature of the outbreak was linked to the inferior state of Kanak. This paper aims to highlight the way in which the leprosaria system in New Caledonia represented a double-edged moral high-ground within the French medical colonial narrative. It tracks the complex way in which emotionally charged arguments about contagion, science and spirituality constructed an ideology of humanitarian quarantine which was used to justify a highly aggressive form of medical biocontrol.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Altruism

Leprosy

Quarantine

Religion and Medicine

Keywords

Medicine

biocontrol

humanitarianism

leprosy

religion

Journal Title anthropology & medicine
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29283038
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180108
LR  - 20180108
IS  - 1469-2910 (Electronic)
IS  - 1364-8470 (Linking)
VI  - 24
IP  - 3
DP  - 2017 Dec
TI  - Humanitarian quarantine in practice: medicine, religion and leprosy in New
      Caledonia.
PG  - 301-318
LID - 10.1080/13648470.2017.1389170 [doi]
AB  - Medicine and religion worked in close synchronisation during the leprosy outbreak
      of New Caledonia (1890-1950). Once isolation of leprosy-affected people became
      mandatory doctors and missionaries came together to promote a particular form of 
      medical practice that tied charitable zeal with cutting-edge medical research,
      developing a sophisticated set of medical practices that catered for the soul as 
      well as the body. Such practices went hand-in-hand with ideas developed by
      doctors in the earlier stages of the epidemic about the way in which the disease 
      had entered the Kanak (local Melanesian) population. Doctors and missionaries
      admitted that immoral colonial channels had upset the delicate balance of local
      social and biological rhythms. Yet they also believed that the highly contagious 
      nature of the outbreak was linked to the inferior state of Kanak. This paper aims
      to highlight the way in which the leprosaria system in New Caledonia represented 
      a double-edged moral high-ground within the French medical colonial narrative. It
      tracks the complex way in which emotionally charged arguments about contagion,
      science and spirituality constructed an ideology of humanitarian quarantine which
      was used to justify a highly aggressive form of medical biocontrol.
FAU - Sykes, Ingrid J
AU  - Sykes IJ
AD  - a Department of Archaeology and History , University of Latrobe , Melbourne ,
      Australia.
LA  - eng
PT  - Historical Article
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - England
TA  - Anthropol Med
JT  - Anthropology & medicine
JID - 9709920
SB  - IM
MH  - *Altruism
MH  - France
MH  - History, 19th Century
MH  - History, 20th Century
MH  - History, 21st Century
MH  - Humans
MH  - Leper Colonies/*history
MH  - *Leprosy/history/prevention & control/therapy
MH  - Missionaries
MH  - New Caledonia
MH  - *Quarantine
MH  - *Religion and Medicine
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Medicine
OT  - biocontrol
OT  - humanitarianism
OT  - leprosy
OT  - religion
EDAT- 2017/12/29 06:00
MHDA- 2018/01/09 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/29 06:00
PHST- 2017/12/29 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/29 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/01/09 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1080/13648470.2017.1389170 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Anthropol Med. 2017 Dec;24(3):301-318. doi: 10.1080/13648470.2017.1389170.