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Primary and secondary prevention of breast cancer.

Abstract Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women and is the second cancer frequently occurring worldwide of newly-diagnosed cancers. There is much evidence showing the influence of life style and environmental factors on the development of mammary gland cancer (high-fat diet, alcohol consumption, lack of physical exercise), the elimination of which (primary prevention) may contribute to a decrease in morbidity and mortality. Secondary prevention, comprising diagnostic tests (e.g. mammography, ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging, breast self-examination, as well as modern and more precise imaging methods) help the early detection of tumours or lesions predisposing to tumours.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

breast cancer

life style

mammography

modern diagnostics methods

primary and secondary prevention

risk factors

Journal Title annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : aaem
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29284222
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180105
LR  - 20180105
IS  - 1898-2263 (Electronic)
IS  - 1232-1966 (Linking)
VI  - 24
IP  - 4
DP  - 2017 Dec 23
TI  - Primary and secondary prevention of breast cancer.
PG  - 549-553
LID - 75943 [pii]
LID - 10.26444/aaem/75943 [doi]
AB  - INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women and is the
      second cancer frequently occurring worldwide of newly-diagnosed cancers. There is
      much evidence showing the influence of life style and environmental factors on
      the development of mammary gland cancer (high-fat diet, alcohol consumption, lack
      of physical exercise), the elimination of which (primary prevention) may
      contribute to a decrease in morbidity and mortality. Secondary prevention,
      comprising diagnostic tests (e.g. mammography, ultrasonography, magnetic
      resonance imaging, breast self-examination, as well as modern and more precise
      imaging methods) help the early detection of tumours or lesions predisposing to
      tumours. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study paper is to review current knowledge
      and reports regarding primary and secondary prevention of breast cancer. STATE OF
      KNOWLEDGE: It is estimated that nearly 70% of malign tumours are caused by
      environmental factors, whereas in breast cancer this percentage reaches 90-95%.
      There are national programmes established in many countries to fight cancer,
      where both types of prevention are stressed as serving to decrease morbidity and 
      mortality due to cancers. CONCLUSIONS: Cancer prevention is currently playing a
      key role in the fight against the disease. Behaviour modification, as well as
      greater awareness among women regarding breast cancer, may significantly
      contribute towards reducing the incidence of this cancer. Another important
      aspect is the number of women undergoing diagnostic tests, which still remains at
      an unsatisfactory level.
FAU - Kolak, Agnieszka
AU  - Kolak A
AD  - St. John's Cancer Center, Department of Radiotherapy, Lublin, Poland.
      [email protected]
FAU - Kaminska, Marzena
AU  - Kaminska M
AD  - St. John's Cancer Center, Department of Oncology, Lublin, Poland.
FAU - Sygit, Katarzyna
AU  - Sygit K
AD  - University of Szczecin, Faculty of Physical Education and Health Promotion,
      Szczecin, Poland.
FAU - Budny, Agnieszka
AU  - Budny A
AD  - St. John's Cancer Center, Department of Radiotherapy, Lublin, Poland.
FAU - Surdyka, Dariusz
AU  - Surdyka D
AD  - St. John's Cancer Center, Department of Radiotherapy, Lublin, Poland.
FAU - Kukielka-Budny, Bozena
AU  - Kukielka-Budny B
AD  - St. John's Cancer Center, Department of Oncology, Lublin, Poland.
FAU - Burdan, Franciszek
AU  - Burdan F
AD  - Human Anatomy Department, Medical Univeristy of Lublin, Poland.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Review
DEP - 20170718
PL  - Poland
TA  - Ann Agric Environ Med
JT  - Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : AAEM
JID - 9500166
SB  - IM
MH  - Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis/epidemiology/*prevention & control/psychology
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Life Style
MH  - Secondary Prevention
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - breast cancer
OT  - life style
OT  - mammography
OT  - modern diagnostics methods
OT  - primary and secondary prevention
OT  - risk factors
EDAT- 2017/12/30 06:00
MHDA- 2018/01/06 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/30 06:00
PHST- 2017/12/30 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/30 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/01/06 06:00 [medline]
AID - 75943 [pii]
AID - 10.26444/aaem/75943 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017 Dec 23;24(4):549-553. doi: 10.26444/aaem/75943. Epub 
      2017 Jul 18.