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Overweight and obesity vs. simple carbohydrates consumption by elderly people suffering from diseases of the cardiovascular system.

Abstract Overweight and obesity belong to the alarming and constantly increasing problems of the 21st century among all age groups. One of the major factors enhancing these problems are simple carbohydrates commonly found in popular sweet drinks.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

added sugars

elderly

food intake

overweight and obesity

sucrose

Journal Title annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : aaem
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29284227
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180105
LR  - 20180105
IS  - 1898-2263 (Electronic)
IS  - 1232-1966 (Linking)
VI  - 24
IP  - 4
DP  - 2017 Dec 23
TI  - Overweight and obesity vs. simple carbohydrates consumption by elderly people
      suffering from diseases of the cardiovascular system.
PG  - 575-580
LID - 72512 [pii]
LID - 10.5604/12321966.1233555 [doi]
AB  - INTRODUCTION: Overweight and obesity belong to the alarming and constantly
      increasing problems of the 21st century among all age groups. One of the major
      factors enhancing these problems are simple carbohydrates commonly found in
      popular sweet drinks. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to estimate the
      nutritional patterns of elderly people with diagnosed cardiovascular system
      diseases, and analysis of the relationship between consumption of simple
      carbohydrates and prevalence of overweight and obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS:
      From 233 individuals hospitalized in the Clinic of Cardiology and Hypertension in
      Krakow, Poland, a group of 128 elderly people was selected (66 women and 62 men).
      Actual food consumption for each individual was assessed using a 24-hour
      nutrition recall. BMI values was calculated for assessment of nutritional status.
      Statistical analysis was performed on two groups: one with BMI
      <25kg/m<sup>2</sup> and other with BMI>/=25kg/m<sup>2</sup>. RESULTS: Overweight 
      was stated among 33.8% of women and 50% of men, obesity among 27.7% of women and 
      17.7% of men. Results indicated that consumption of products rich in sucrose was 
      associated with overweight and obesity. People with overweight and obesity
      statistically more often ate sweet products comparing to those with proper
      weight: 46.2 g vs 33.8g. The growing world-wide epidemic of overweight and
      obesity is one of the main priorities of preventive medicine remains changing
      eating patterns As observed in this study, one additional spoon of sugar consumed
      daily increases the risk of being overweight or obese by about 14%. CONCLUSIONS: 
      Overweight and obesity was found among 60% of the examined elderly people.
      Correlation was found between rise in risk of obesity or overweight by about 14% 
      with each additional spoon of sugar (5g) eaten every day.
FAU - Skop-Lewandowska, Agata
AU  - Skop-Lewandowska A
AD  - Department of Hygiene and Dietetics, MedicalCollege, Jagiellonian University,
      Krakow, Poland. [email protected]
FAU - Zajac, Joanna
AU  - Zajac J
AD  - Department of Hygiene and Dietetics, MedicalCollege, Jagiellonian University,
      Krakow, Poland.
FAU - Kolarzyk, Emilia
AU  - Kolarzyk E
AD  - Department of Hygiene and Dietetics, MedicalCollege, Jagiellonian University,
      Krakow, Poland.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170511
PL  - Poland
TA  - Ann Agric Environ Med
JT  - Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : AAEM
JID - 9500166
RN  - 0 (Dietary Carbohydrates)
SB  - IM
MH  - Aged
MH  - Body Mass Index
MH  - Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology/etiology/*metabolism/psychology
MH  - Dietary Carbohydrates/adverse effects/*metabolism
MH  - Feeding Behavior
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Obesity/epidemiology/etiology/*metabolism/psychology
MH  - Overweight/epidemiology/etiology/*metabolism/psychology
MH  - Poland/epidemiology
MH  - Prevalence
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - added sugars
OT  - elderly
OT  - food intake
OT  - overweight and obesity
OT  - sucrose
EDAT- 2017/12/30 06:00
MHDA- 2018/01/06 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/30 06:00
PHST- 2017/12/30 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/30 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/01/06 06:00 [medline]
AID - 72512 [pii]
AID - 10.5604/12321966.1233555 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017 Dec 23;24(4):575-580. doi: 10.5604/12321966.1233555. 
      Epub 2017 May 11.