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Serological prevalence of Coxiella burnetii in dairy goats and ewes diagnosed with adverse pregnancy outcomes in Greece.

Abstract <i>Coxiella burnetii</i> is an obligatory intracellular bacterial pathogen causing the zoonotic disease Q fever. The most common reservoirs of <i>C. burnetii</i> are wild mammals, birds and ticks. Pregnant domestic ruminants infected with this bacterium are also a major source of human infection.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Coxiella burnetii

dairy goats

dairy sheep

reproduction

Journal Title annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : aaem
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29284250
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180105
LR  - 20180105
IS  - 1898-2263 (Electronic)
IS  - 1232-1966 (Linking)
VI  - 24
IP  - 4
DP  - 2017 Dec 23
TI  - Serological prevalence of Coxiella burnetii in dairy goats and ewes diagnosed
      with adverse pregnancy outcomes in Greece.
PG  - 702-705
LID - 80706 [pii]
LID - 10.26444/aaem/80706 [doi]
AB  - INTRODUCTION: &lt;i&gt;Coxiella burnetii&lt;/i&gt; is an obligatory intracellular bacterial
      pathogen causing the zoonotic disease Q fever. The most common reservoirs of
      &lt;i&gt;C. burnetii&lt;/i&gt; are wild mammals, birds and ticks. Pregnant domestic ruminants
      infected with this bacterium are also a major source of human infection. MATERIAL
      AND METHODS: The serological prevalence of &lt;i&gt;C. burnetii&lt;/i&gt; in goats and sheep 
      diagnosed with adverse pregnancy outcomes was assessed by undertaking a survey on
      800 dairy goats and 800 dairy ewes reared in four different regions of Greece
      (Macedonia, Thrace, Thessaly, and Peloponnese). A stratified sampling was carried
      out, taking also as a criterion the age of the animals. Serum antibodies were
      analyzed by a commercial ELISA according to the manufacturer's recommendations.
      RESULTS: Generally, there was a statistically significantly higher serological
      prevalence of &lt;i&gt;C. burnetii&lt;/i&gt; (14.4%) in goats compared to sheep (8%).
      Serological prevalence was higher in adults (15.5% in goats and 8.5% in sheep)
      compared to yearlings (7.4% in goats and 4.6% in sheep). The prevalence increased
      significantly with age only in goats. Finally, all animals reared in Peloponnese 
      had a prevalence significantly higher (21% in goats and 18% in sheep) than
      animals reared in the other three regions. CONCLUSIONS: To the best of the
      authors' knowledge, this is the first report that associates &lt;i&gt;C. burnetii&lt;/i&gt;
      with reproductive disturbances of domestic ruminants in Greece. However,
      considering the importance of coxiellosis for public health, further
      investigations are required on its epidemiology regarding abortion, premature
      delivery, stillbirth and weak offspring in small ruminants, as well as in other
      domestic and wild animal species.
FAU - Filioussis, George
AU  - Filioussis G
AD  - Laboratory of Microbiology &amp; Infectious Diseases, School of Veterinary Medicine, 
      Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece.
      [email protected]
FAU - Theodoridis, Alexandros
AU  - Theodoridis A
AD  - Laboratory of Animal Production Economics, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty
      of Health Sciences, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece.
FAU - Papadopoulos, Dimitrios
AU  - Papadopoulos D
AD  - Laboratory of Microbiology &amp; Infectious Diseases, School of Veterinary Medicine, 
      Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece.
FAU - Gelasakis, Athanasios I
AU  - Gelasakis AI
AD  - Veterinary Research Institute of Thessaloniki, ELGO-Demeter, GR 57001, Thermi,
      Thessaloniki, Greece.
FAU - Vouraki, Sotiria
AU  - Vouraki S
AD  - Laboratory of Animal Husbandry, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Health 
      Sciences, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece.
FAU - Bramis, George
AU  - Bramis G
AD  - Laboratory of Animal Husbandry, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Health 
      Sciences, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece.
FAU - Arsenos, Georgios
AU  - Arsenos G
AD  - Laboratory of Animal Husbandry, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Health 
      Sciences, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20171219
PL  - Poland
TA  - Ann Agric Environ Med
JT  - Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : AAEM
JID - 9500166
RN  - 0 (Antibodies, Bacterial)
SB  - IM
MH  - Animals
MH  - Antibodies, Bacterial/immunology
MH  - Coxiella burnetii/*immunology/isolation &amp; purification
MH  - Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/veterinary
MH  - Female
MH  - Goat Diseases/*diagnosis/epidemiology/immunology/microbiology
MH  - Goats
MH  - Greece/epidemiology
MH  - Male
MH  - Pregnancy
MH  - Pregnancy Complications/diagnosis/immunology/microbiology/*veterinary
MH  - Pregnancy Outcome
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Q Fever/diagnosis/epidemiology/immunology/*veterinary
MH  - Seroepidemiologic Studies
MH  - Sheep
MH  - Sheep Diseases/*diagnosis/epidemiology/immunology/microbiology
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Coxiella burnetii
OT  - dairy goats
OT  - dairy sheep
OT  - reproduction
EDAT- 2017/12/30 06:00
MHDA- 2018/01/06 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/30 06:00
PHST- 2017/12/30 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/30 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/01/06 06:00 [medline]
AID - 80706 [pii]
AID - 10.26444/aaem/80706 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017 Dec 23;24(4):702-705. doi: 10.26444/aaem/80706. Epub 
      2017 Dec 19.