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Craniofacial morphology of HIV-positive children and adolescents undergoing antiretroviral therapy: A pilot study.

Abstract In this study, we aimed to analyze craniofacial morphology by assessing the skeletal cephalometric profiles of HIV-positive patients receiving antiretroviral therapy.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active

Cephalometry

Keywords
Journal Title american journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the american association of orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the american board of orthodontics
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29287644
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180112
LR  - 20180112
IS  - 1097-6752 (Electronic)
IS  - 0889-5406 (Linking)
VI  - 153
IP  - 1
DP  - 2018 Jan
TI  - Craniofacial morphology of HIV-positive children and adolescents undergoing
      antiretroviral therapy: A pilot study.
PG  - 26-35
LID - S0889-5406(17)30652-2 [pii]
LID - 10.1016/j.ajodo.2017.05.027 [doi]
AB  - INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to analyze craniofacial morphology by
      assessing the skeletal cephalometric profiles of HIV-positive patients receiving 
      antiretroviral therapy. METHODS: For this study, 21 HIV-positive patients aged
      between 6 and 17 years (study group) were selected and compared with 21
      normoreactive patients (control group), paired by sex and age. The patients were 
      also divided into 3 age ranges (6-8, 9-12, and 13-17 years) considering the
      pubertal growth spurt as the central event. Eighteen (linear and angular)
      measurements were traced on teleradiographs by using 2 methodologies. The mean
      values of each measurement were compared between the study and control groups by 
      age range. RESULTS: The majority of the measurements checked in the HIV-positive 
      children and adolescents for the 13-to-17 year age range were diminished, but not
      enough to generate a statistically significant difference in craniofacial growth.
      Statistically significant differences (P <0.05) were found only in the
      inclination of the palatal plane (6-8 years) and the position of the maxilla in
      the anteroposterior direction (13-17 years). CONCLUSIONS: These results led us to
      conclude that some cephalometric measurements of HIV-positive children and
      adolescents may be similar to those of normoreactive subjects.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2017 American Association of Orthodontists. Published by Elsevier
      Inc. All rights reserved.
FAU - Veloso de Almeida Watanabe, Maria Luiza
AU  - Veloso de Almeida Watanabe ML
AD  - Special Care Dentistry Center, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao 
      Paulo, Brazil; Mario Covas State Hospital, Santo Andre, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
FAU - Oliveira Lira Ortega, Adriana
AU  - Oliveira Lira Ortega A
AD  - Special Care Dentistry Center, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao 
      Paulo, Brazil; Disabled Persons Division, Institute of Dentistry, Cruzeiro do Sul
      University, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
FAU - Riera Costa, Catalina
AU  - Riera Costa C
AD  - Division of Dentistry, Center for Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Centro de
      Referencia e Treinamento em Doencas Sexualmente Transmissiveis e Sindrome da
      Imunodeficiencia Adquirida, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
FAU - Saito Arita, Emiko
AU  - Saito Arita E
AD  - Department of Stomatology, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao
      Paulo, Brazil.
FAU - Ortega, Karem L
AU  - Ortega KL
AD  - Special Care Dentistry Center, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao 
      Paulo, Brazil; Department of Stomatology, School of Dentistry, University of Sao 
      Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: [email protected]
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - United States
TA  - Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop
JT  - American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official
      publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent
      societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics
JID - 8610224
SB  - D
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - *Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active
MH  - Case-Control Studies
MH  - *Cephalometry
MH  - Child
MH  - Face/*anatomy & histology
MH  - Female
MH  - HIV Seropositivity/*drug therapy
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Pilot Projects
MH  - Skull/*anatomy & histology
EDAT- 2017/12/31 06:00
MHDA- 2018/01/13 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/31 06:00
PHST- 2016/07/01 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/02/01 00:00 [revised]
PHST- 2017/05/01 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/12/31 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/31 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/01/13 06:00 [medline]
AID - S0889-5406(17)30652-2 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.ajodo.2017.05.027 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2018 Jan;153(1):26-35. doi:
      10.1016/j.ajodo.2017.05.027.