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Craniofacial morphology in women with Class I occlusion and severe maxillary anterior crowding.

Abstract Our objective was to investigate craniofacial morphology in women with Class I occlusion and maxillary anterior crowding (MxAC) with bilateral palatal displacement of the lateral incisors and facial displacement of the canines.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Cephalometry

Keywords
Journal Title american journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the american association of orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the american board of orthodontics
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29287646
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180112
LR  - 20180112
IS  - 1097-6752 (Electronic)
IS  - 0889-5406 (Linking)
VI  - 153
IP  - 1
DP  - 2018 Jan
TI  - Craniofacial morphology in women with Class I occlusion and severe maxillary
      anterior crowding.
PG  - 36-45
LID - S0889-5406(17)30651-0 [pii]
LID - 10.1016/j.ajodo.2017.05.026 [doi]
AB  - INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to investigate craniofacial morphology in women
      with Class I occlusion and maxillary anterior crowding (MxAC) with bilateral
      palatal displacement of the lateral incisors and facial displacement of the
      canines. METHODS: Thirty-three women with normal occlusion (mean age, 20.7 +/-
      2.3 years) were selected as the control group, and 33 women with severe MxAC
      (mean age, 23.3 +/- 3.8 years) with bilateral palatal and facial displacement of 
      the lateral incisors and canines, respectively, were selected as the MxAC group. 
      Mesiodistal tooth crown diameter, arch length discrepancy, facial-palatal
      displacement of lateral incisors and canines, and dental arch dimensions were
      measured. Fourteen skeletal and 10 dental cephalometric measurements were made.
      Medians, interquartile ranges, means, and standard deviations were calculated for
      each parameter, and the nonparametric Mann-Whitney U test (P <0.05) was used to
      compare the 2 groups. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the MxAC group
      showed a significantly wider angle (P <0.05) and shorter length (P <0.01) in the 
      cranial base, a smaller sagittal maxillary base (P <0.01), and a hyperdivergent
      skeletal pattern (P <0.01 and P <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Women with Class I occlusion
      and severe MxAC exhibited a significantly wider angle and shorter length in the
      cranial base, a smaller sagittal maxillary base, and a hyperdivergent skeletal
      pattern. These skeletal and dental characteristics and cranial base dysmorphology
      may be helpful as potential indicators for orthodontic treatment with
      extractions.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2017 American Association of Orthodontists. Published by Elsevier
      Inc. All rights reserved.
FAU - Ikoma, Misa
AU  - Ikoma M
AD  - Department of Orthodontics, School of Life Dentistry at Tokyo, Nippon Dental
      University, Tokyo, Japan.
FAU - Arai, Kazuhito
AU  - Arai K
AD  - Department of Orthodontics, School of Life Dentistry at Tokyo, Nippon Dental
      University, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: [email protected]
LA  - eng
PT  - Comparative Study
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - United States
TA  - Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop
JT  - American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official
      publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent
      societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics
JID - 8610224
SB  - D
SB  - IM
MH  - *Cephalometry
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Cuspid
MH  - Face/*anatomy & histology
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Incisor
MH  - Malocclusion, Angle Class I/*pathology
MH  - Maxilla
MH  - Retrospective Studies
MH  - Severity of Illness Index
MH  - Skull/*anatomy & histology
MH  - Young Adult
EDAT- 2017/12/31 06:00
MHDA- 2018/01/13 06:00
CRDT- 2017/12/31 06:00
PHST- 2016/12/01 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/03/01 00:00 [revised]
PHST- 2017/05/01 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/12/31 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/12/31 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/01/13 06:00 [medline]
AID - S0889-5406(17)30651-0 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.ajodo.2017.05.026 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2018 Jan;153(1):36-45. doi:
      10.1016/j.ajodo.2017.05.026.