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Quality of life of deaf and hard of hearing students in Ibadan metropolis, Nigeria.

Abstract Quality of Life encompasses an individual's well-being and health, social participation and satisfaction with functional daily living. Disabilities such as deafness can impact on the quality of life with spatial variance to the environment. Deafness causes communicative problems with significant consequences in cognitive, social, and emotional well-being of affected individuals. However, information relating to the quality of life of deaf and hard of hearing individuals, especially students in developing countries like Nigeria, which could be used to design special health-related interventions is sparse. This study examined the quality of life of deaf and hard of hearing students in Ibadan metropolis, Nigeria. One hundred and ten deaf and hard of hearing students participated in this cross-sectional study. Participants were drawn from all four secondary schools for the Deaf in Ibadan metropolis. The 26 item Brief version of the WHO Quality of Life questionnaire was used for data collection. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics at statistical significance of p<0.05. Majority (57.8%) of the deaf and hard of hearing students had poor quality of life. Attending the special school for the Deaf, upper socio-economic status and age (≥17years) are significantly associated with better quality of life. However, gender and age at onset of hearing loss had no significant influence on the quality of life. The Deaf community available in the special school appeared to protect against stigma and discrimination, while also promoting social interactions between deaf and hard of hearing individuals.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Quality of Life

Keywords
Journal Title plos one
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29293560
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180206
LR  - 20180206
IS  - 1932-6203 (Electronic)
IS  - 1932-6203 (Linking)
VI  - 13
IP  - 1
DP  - 2018
TI  - Quality of life of deaf and hard of hearing students in Ibadan metropolis,
      Nigeria.
PG  - e0190130
LID - 10.1371/journal.pone.0190130 [doi]
AB  - Quality of Life encompasses an individual's well-being and health, social
      participation and satisfaction with functional daily living. Disabilities such as
      deafness can impact on the quality of life with spatial variance to the
      environment. Deafness causes communicative problems with significant consequences
      in cognitive, social, and emotional well-being of affected individuals. However, 
      information relating to the quality of life of deaf and hard of hearing
      individuals, especially students in developing countries like Nigeria, which
      could be used to design special health-related interventions is sparse. This
      study examined the quality of life of deaf and hard of hearing students in Ibadan
      metropolis, Nigeria. One hundred and ten deaf and hard of hearing students
      participated in this cross-sectional study. Participants were drawn from all four
      secondary schools for the Deaf in Ibadan metropolis. The 26 item Brief version of
      the WHO Quality of Life questionnaire was used for data collection. The data was 
      analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics at statistical significance
      of p&lt;0.05. Majority (57.8%) of the deaf and hard of hearing students had poor
      quality of life. Attending the special school for the Deaf, upper socio-economic 
      status and age (&gt;/=17years) are significantly associated with better quality of
      life. However, gender and age at onset of hearing loss had no significant
      influence on the quality of life. The Deaf community available in the special
      school appeared to protect against stigma and discrimination, while also
      promoting social interactions between deaf and hard of hearing individuals.
FAU - Jaiyeola, Mofadeke T
AU  - Jaiyeola MT
AD  - Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan,
      Nigeria.
FAU - Adeyemo, Adebolajo A
AU  - Adeyemo AA
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0002-7486-5758
AD  - Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan,
      Nigeria.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Validation Studies
DEP - 20180102
PL  - United States
TA  - PLoS One
JT  - PloS one
JID - 101285081
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - Child
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Deafness/*physiopathology/psychology
MH  - Developing Countries
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Nigeria
MH  - Persons With Hearing Impairments/*psychology
MH  - *Quality of Life
MH  - Young Adult
PMC - PMC5749760
EDAT- 2018/01/03 06:00
MHDA- 2018/02/07 06:00
CRDT- 2018/01/03 06:00
PHST- 2017/04/06 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/12/09 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2018/01/03 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/01/03 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/02/07 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1371/journal.pone.0190130 [doi]
AID - PONE-D-17-13521 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - PLoS One. 2018 Jan 2;13(1):e0190130. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190130.
      eCollection 2018.