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Prevalence of dental caries in hospitalized patients with schizophrenia.

Abstract It is considered that over 450 million people worldwide suffer from some form of mental disorder. Previous studies in other countries have shown that schizophrenia is among the most frequent. Oral health is significant for general health and should not be separated from mental health. Studies in other countries have shown an increased incidence of carious and extracted teeth, and less incidence of filled teeth in this group of psychiatric patients. The aim of this study was to establish condition of the existing teeth, to determine the prevalence of caries and to consider possible risk factors that contribute to the current oral health status of hospitalized patients with schizophrenia.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Inpatients

Keywords
Journal Title vojnosanitetski pregled
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29341566
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180213
LR  - 20180213
IS  - 0042-8450 (Print)
IS  - 0042-8450 (Linking)
VI  - 73
IP  - 12
DP  - 2016 Dec
TI  - Prevalence of dental caries in hospitalized patients with schizophrenia.
PG  - 1102-8
LID - 10.2298/VSP150917111D [doi]
AB  - Background/Aim: It is considered that over 450 million people worldwide suffer
      from some form of mental disorder. Previous studies in other countries have shown
      that schizophrenia is among the most frequent. Oral health is significant for
      general health and should not be separated from mental health. Studies in other
      countries have shown an increased incidence of carious and extracted teeth, and
      less incidence of filled teeth in this group of psychiatric patients. The aim of 
      this study was to establish condition of the existing teeth, to determine the
      prevalence of caries and to consider possible risk factors that contribute to the
      current oral health status of hospitalized patients with schizophrenia. Methods: 
      The study comprised 190 patients with schizophrenia, hospitalized at the Clinic
      for Psychiatric Disorders "Dr. Laza Lazarevic" in Belgrade, and 190 mentally
      healthy patients at the Clinic for Periodontology and Oral Medicine, Faculty of
      Dental Medicine in Belgrade. The decayed, missing, filled (DMF) index,
      sociodemographic and economic characteristics were registered in both groups, as 
      well as characteristics of the primary disease of hospitalized patients with
      schizophrenia. Results: The value of DMF index (representing the sum of carious, 
      extracted and filled teeth), in the hospitalized patients with schizophrenia was 
      18.57 +/- 7.07 and 12.47 +/- 5.64 in the healthy group (p = 0.000). The structure
      of the DMF index in the study group showed that caries and extracted teeth
      dominated with 88.1%; in the control group, filled teeth dominated with 55.6%,
      which was a statistically significant difference for all the three observed
      variables Conclusion: Hospitalized patients with schizophrenia had twice as many 
      caries and extracted teeth, and five time less filled teeth than healthy people. 
      The patient's age and taking antiparkinsonics were established as predictors of
      the increased DMF index in hospitalized patients with schizophrenia.
FAU - Dordevic, Vladan
AU  - Dordevic V
FAU - Jovanovic, Mila
AU  - Jovanovic M
FAU - Milicic, Biljana
AU  - Milicic B
FAU - Stefanovic, Vesna
AU  - Stefanovic V
FAU - Dukic-Dejanovic, Slavica
AU  - Dukic-Dejanovic S
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Observational Study
PL  - Serbia
TA  - Vojnosanit Pregl
JT  - Vojnosanitetski pregled
JID - 21530700R
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Aged
MH  - Case-Control Studies
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - DMF Index
MH  - Dental Caries/diagnosis/*epidemiology
MH  - Dental Restoration, Permanent
MH  - Female
MH  - Hospitalization
MH  - Humans
MH  - *Inpatients
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Oral Health
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Schizophrenia/diagnosis/*epidemiology
MH  - Schizophrenic Psychology
MH  - Serbia/epidemiology
MH  - Tooth Extraction
MH  - Tooth Loss/diagnosis/epidemiology
MH  - Young Adult
EDAT- 2018/01/18 06:00
MHDA- 2018/02/14 06:00
CRDT- 2018/01/18 06:00
PHST- 2018/01/18 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/02/14 06:00 [medline]
PHST- 2018/01/18 06:00 [entrez]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Vojnosanit Pregl. 2016 Dec;73(12):1102-8.