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Asthma Mortality Among Persons Aged 15-64 Years, by Industry and Occupation - United States, 1999-2016.

Abstract In 2015, an estimated 18.4 million U.S. adults had current asthma, and 3,396 adult asthma deaths were reported (1). An estimated 11%-21% of asthma deaths might be attributable to occupational exposures (2). To describe asthma mortality among persons aged 15-64 years,* CDC analyzed multiple cause-of-death data† for 1999-2016 and industry and occupation information collected from 26 states§ for the years 1999, 2003, 2004, and 2007-2012. Proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs)¶ for asthma among persons aged 15-64 years were calculated. During 1999-2016, a total of 14,296 (42.9%) asthma deaths occurred among males and 19,011 (57.1%) occurred among females. Based on an estimate that 11%-21% of asthma deaths might be related to occupational exposures, during this 18-year period, 1,573-3,002 asthma deaths in males and 2,091-3,992 deaths in females might have resulted from occupational exposures. Some of these deaths might have been averted by instituting measures to prevent potential workplace exposures. The annual age-adjusted asthma death rate** per 1 million persons aged 15-64 years declined from 13.59 in 1999 to 9.34 in 2016 (p<0.001) among females, and from 9.14 (1999) to 7.78 (2016) (p<0.05) among males. The highest significantly elevated asthma PMRs for males were for those in the food, beverage, and tobacco products manufacturing industry (1.82) and for females were for those in the social assistance industry (1.35) and those in community and social services occupations (1.46). Elevated asthma mortality among workers in certain industries and occupations underscores the importance of optimal asthma management and identification and prevention of potential workplace exposures.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords
Journal Title mmwr. morbidity and mortality weekly report
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29346343
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180119
LR  - 20180121
IS  - 1545-861X (Electronic)
IS  - 0149-2195 (Linking)
VI  - 67
IP  - 2
DP  - 2018 Jan 19
TI  - Asthma Mortality Among Persons Aged 15-64 Years, by Industry and Occupation -
      United States, 1999-2016.
PG  - 60-65
LID - 10.15585/mmwr.mm6702a2 [doi]
AB  - In 2015, an estimated 18.4 million U.S. adults had current asthma, and 3,396
      adult asthma deaths were reported (1). An estimated 11%-21% of asthma deaths
      might be attributable to occupational exposures (2). To describe asthma mortality
      among persons aged 15-64 years,* CDC analyzed multiple cause-of-death
      data(dagger) for 1999-2016 and industry and occupation information collected from
      26 states( section sign) for the years 1999, 2003, 2004, and 2007-2012.
      Proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs)( paragraph sign) for asthma among persons
      aged 15-64 years were calculated. During 1999-2016, a total of 14,296 (42.9%)
      asthma deaths occurred among males and 19,011 (57.1%) occurred among females.
      Based on an estimate that 11%-21% of asthma deaths might be related to
      occupational exposures, during this 18-year period, 1,573-3,002 asthma deaths in 
      males and 2,091-3,992 deaths in females might have resulted from occupational
      exposures. Some of these deaths might have been averted by instituting measures
      to prevent potential workplace exposures. The annual age-adjusted asthma death
      rate** per 1 million persons aged 15-64 years declined from 13.59 in 1999 to 9.34
      in 2016 (p&lt;0.001) among females, and from 9.14 (1999) to 7.78 (2016) (p&lt;0.05)
      among males. The highest significantly elevated asthma PMRs for males were for
      those in the food, beverage, and tobacco products manufacturing industry (1.82)
      and for females were for those in the social assistance industry (1.35) and those
      in community and social services occupations (1.46). Elevated asthma mortality
      among workers in certain industries and occupations underscores the importance of
      optimal asthma management and identification and prevention of potential
      workplace exposures.
FAU - Patel, Opal
AU  - Patel O
FAU - Syamlal, Girija
AU  - Syamlal G
FAU - Wood, John
AU  - Wood J
FAU - Dodd, Katelynn E
AU  - Dodd KE
FAU - Mazurek, Jacek M
AU  - Mazurek JM
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20180119
PL  - United States
TA  - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep
JT  - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
JID - 7802429
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - Asthma/*mortality
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Industry/*statistics &amp; numerical data
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Occupational Diseases/*mortality
MH  - Occupations/*statistics &amp; numerical data
MH  - Sex Distribution
MH  - United States/epidemiology
MH  - Young Adult
PMC - PMC5772803
COIS- No conflicts of interest were reported.
EDAT- 2018/01/19 06:00
MHDA- 2018/01/20 06:00
CRDT- 2018/01/19 06:00
PHST- 2018/01/19 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/01/19 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/01/20 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.15585/mmwr.mm6702a2 [doi]
PST - epublish
SO  - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Jan 19;67(2):60-65. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6702a2.