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Effect of a comprehensive plan for periodontal disease care on oral health-related quality of life in patients with periodontal disease in Taiwan.

Abstract A comprehensive plan for periodontal disease (PD) care in Taiwan provides non-surgical and supportive periodontal treatment. The aim of this study was to determine whether the care plan could improve the oral health-related quality of life of patients with PD.This study was conducted by purposive sampling and a quasi-experimental design. Patients with PD were assigned to either comprehensive periodontal treatment (n = 32) or a simple cleaning regimen (n = 32). Their oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) was measured using the Taiwanese version of the Brief World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) scale (general QoL) and the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) (OHRQoL). Both scales were completed 14, 28, and 90 days after the initial assessment. The extent of PD in the experimental group was determined again at the end of the study.On the 28-item WHOQOL-BREF scale, the scores of the experimental group were higher than those of the control group on 5 items and the environmental domain at 14 days. There was a significant improvement in the experimental group on 2 items at 28 days and at 90 days after periodontal treatment (both P < .05). No difference was found between the 2 groups in score on the OHIP-14; however, there was a significant improvement in the experimental group in total score at 28 and 90 days after periodontal treatment (both P < .05). The number of teeth with probing depth ≥5 mm and the percentage of dental plaque were both significantly reduced after the intervention (both P < .001).Patients with a comprehensive plan for PD care showed some improvement in QoL, including in the environmental domain, and on the total score for OHRQoL. Comprehensive periodontal treatment also alleviated periodontal symptoms.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Dental Care

Oral Health

Quality of Life

Keywords
Journal Title medicine
Publication Year Start



 

PMID- 29384859
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180209
LR  - 20180221
IS  - 1536-5964 (Electronic)
IS  - 0025-7974 (Linking)
VI  - 97
IP  - 5
DP  - 2018 Feb
TI  - Effect of a comprehensive plan for periodontal disease care on oral
      health-related quality of life in patients with periodontal disease in Taiwan.
PG  - e9749
LID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000009749 [doi]
AB  - A comprehensive plan for periodontal disease (PD) care in Taiwan provides
      non-surgical and supportive periodontal treatment. The aim of this study was to
      determine whether the care plan could improve the oral health-related quality of 
      life of patients with PD.This study was conducted by purposive sampling and a
      quasi-experimental design. Patients with PD were assigned to either comprehensive
      periodontal treatment (n = 32) or a simple cleaning regimen (n = 32). Their oral 
      health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) was measured using the Taiwanese version 
      of the Brief World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) scale
      (general QoL) and the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) (OHRQoL). Both scales 
      were completed 14, 28, and 90 days after the initial assessment. The extent of PD
      in the experimental group was determined again at the end of the study.On the
      28-item WHOQOL-BREF scale, the scores of the experimental group were higher than 
      those of the control group on 5 items and the environmental domain at 14 days.
      There was a significant improvement in the experimental group on 2 items at 28
      days and at 90 days after periodontal treatment (both P &lt; .05). No difference was
      found between the 2 groups in score on the OHIP-14; however, there was a
      significant improvement in the experimental group in total score at 28 and 90
      days after periodontal treatment (both P &lt; .05). The number of teeth with probing
      depth &gt;/=5 mm and the percentage of dental plaque were both significantly reduced
      after the intervention (both P &lt; .001).Patients with a comprehensive plan for PD 
      care showed some improvement in QoL, including in the environmental domain, and
      on the total score for OHRQoL. Comprehensive periodontal treatment also
      alleviated periodontal symptoms.
FAU - Wang, Tze-Fang
AU  - Wang TF
AD  - School of Nursing.
FAU - Fang, Chun-Han
AU  - Fang CH
AD  - School of Nursing.
FAU - Hsiao, Kai-Jong
AU  - Hsiao KJ
AD  - School of Dentistry, National Yang Ming University.
FAU - Chou, Chyuan
AU  - Chou C
AD  - Excellent Dental Center, Taipei, Taiwan.
LA  - eng
PT  - Controlled Clinical Trial
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Observational Study
PL  - United States
TA  - Medicine (Baltimore)
JT  - Medicine
JID - 2985248R
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - *Dental Care
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - *Oral Health
MH  - Periodontal Diseases/*therapy
MH  - Periodontal Index
MH  - *Quality of Life
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
MH  - Taiwan
PMC - PMC5805431
EDAT- 2018/02/01 06:00
MHDA- 2018/02/10 06:00
CRDT- 2018/02/01 06:00
PHST- 2018/02/01 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/02/01 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/02/10 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000009749 [doi]
AID - 00005792-201802020-00021 [pii]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Feb;97(5):e9749. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000009749.