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Association between parents' attitudes and behaviors toward children's visual care and myopia risk in school-aged children.

Abstract The purpose of this survey was to determine the association of parents' attitudes and behaviors toward children's visual care with myopia risk in school-aged children.A total of 894 parents of school-aged children were investigated in primary and middle schools in the central and noncentral urban area in Wuhan through stratified cluster random sampling on July, 2015. We analyzed the association by the generalized linear mixed model.The results indicated that children with parents' high expectations of 1.5 or higher on their vision exhibited a decreased risk of myopia compared with 1.0 and 0.5 or lower (OR = 0.49, 95%CI = 0.36-0.67). Children whose parents only paid attention to their vision in junior and senior school and in primary school had an increased myopia risk than that in preschool (OR = 2.12, 95%CI = 1.01-4.45, and OR = 3.11, 95%CI = 1.28-7.58, respectively). Children whose parents ensured for their sufficient sleep had a decreased myopia risk (OR = 0.45, 95%CI = 0.24-0.85). Compared with children whose parents who never adjusted electronic devices' parameters, the odds ratio of sometimes was 0.49 (95%CI = 0.31-0.79), often 0.53 (95%CI = 0.33-0.85), and always 0.44 (95%CI = 0.26-0.75), respectively.Parents' attitudes and behaviors toward children's visual care are significantly associated with the myopia risk in school-aged children. Consequently, efforts should be made to educate parents on how they protect children's vision and reduce their risk of myopia.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice

Keywords
Journal Title medicine
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29384911
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180209
LR  - 20180209
IS  - 1536-5964 (Electronic)
IS  - 0025-7974 (Linking)
VI  - 96
IP  - 52
DP  - 2017 Dec
TI  - Association between parents' attitudes and behaviors toward children's visual
      care and myopia risk in school-aged children.
PG  - e9270
LID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000009270 [doi]
AB  - The purpose of this survey was to determine the association of parents' attitudes
      and behaviors toward children's visual care with myopia risk in school-aged
      children.A total of 894 parents of school-aged children were investigated in
      primary and middle schools in the central and noncentral urban area in Wuhan
      through stratified cluster random sampling on July, 2015. We analyzed the
      association by the generalized linear mixed model.The results indicated that
      children with parents' high expectations of 1.5 or higher on their vision
      exhibited a decreased risk of myopia compared with 1.0 and 0.5 or lower (OR =
      0.49, 95%CI = 0.36-0.67). Children whose parents only paid attention to their
      vision in junior and senior school and in primary school had an increased myopia 
      risk than that in preschool (OR = 2.12, 95%CI = 1.01-4.45, and OR = 3.11, 95%CI =
      1.28-7.58, respectively). Children whose parents ensured for their sufficient
      sleep had a decreased myopia risk (OR = 0.45, 95%CI = 0.24-0.85). Compared with
      children whose parents who never adjusted electronic devices' parameters, the
      odds ratio of sometimes was 0.49 (95%CI = 0.31-0.79), often 0.53 (95%CI =
      0.33-0.85), and always 0.44 (95%CI = 0.26-0.75), respectively.Parents' attitudes 
      and behaviors toward children's visual care are significantly associated with the
      myopia risk in school-aged children. Consequently, efforts should be made to
      educate parents on how they protect children's vision and reduce their risk of
      myopia.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2017 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All
      rights reserved.
FAU - Zhou, Shuang
AU  - Zhou S
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Tongji
      Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology.
FAU - Yang, Lihua
AU  - Yang L
AD  - Wuhan Center for Adolescent Poor Vision Prevention & Control.
AD  - Wuhan Commission of Experts for the Prevention & Control of Adolescent Poor
      Vision, Wuhan.
FAU - Lu, Benlin
AU  - Lu B
AD  - Wuhan Commission of Experts for the Prevention & Control of Adolescent Poor
      Vision, Wuhan.
FAU - Wang, Hexin
AU  - Wang H
AD  - China Innovation and R&D Center, Carl Zeiss (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. ZEISS Group.
      Shanghai, China.
FAU - Xu, Ting
AU  - Xu T
AD  - Wuhan Center for Adolescent Poor Vision Prevention & Control.
FAU - Du, Dandan
AU  - Du D
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Tongji
      Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology.
FAU - Wu, Shiqing
AU  - Wu S
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Tongji
      Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology.
FAU - Li, Xiuxiu
AU  - Li X
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Tongji
      Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology.
FAU - Lu, Meixia
AU  - Lu M
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Tongji
      Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Observational Study
PL  - United States
TA  - Medicine (Baltimore)
JT  - Medicine
JID - 2985248R
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Child
MH  - Female
MH  - *Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Myopia/diagnosis/*etiology/*prevention & control
MH  - Parents/*psychology
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Socioeconomic Factors
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
MH  - Vision Screening
EDAT- 2018/02/01 06:00
MHDA- 2018/02/10 06:00
CRDT- 2018/02/01 06:00
PHST- 2018/02/01 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/02/01 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/02/10 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000009270 [doi]
AID - 00005792-201712290-00019 [pii]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(52):e9270. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000009270.