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Distribution of hemoglobin and prevalence of anemia in 10 ethnic minorities in China: A population-based, cross-sectional study.

Abstract Racial differences have been reported in hemoglobin (Hb). However, distributions of Hb and anemia rate in ethnic minorities were rarely reported.We aimed to observe whether there are ethnic differences in Hb distributions and prevalence of anemia.The data included 480,699 women 20 to 49 years' old from 10 ethnic minorities in China in 2014. Analyses of variance were used to examine the differences of Hb distribution among the 10 ethnic groups, as well as the differences in Hb level between different ages, education levels, occupations, and non- or ethnic enclaves in each ethnic group. χ2-test was adopted to analyze the differences in anemia rate among the 10 ethnic groups and between different ages and nonethnic or ethnic enclaves in each ethnic group.The ethnic differences of the Hb distribution and anemia prevalence were observed in the 10 ethnic groups. The lowest mean Hb concentration was shown in Chuang (126.8 g/L), and the highest mean Hb concentration was in Tibetan (138.5 g/L). According to the World Health Organization criteria to define anemia, the highest prevalence was in Tibetan (46.9%) after the adjustment of Hb concentration for altitude, and the lowest prevalence was in Yi (10.6%). Furthermore, there were differences on mean Hb concentration or anemia rate in participants between ethnic enclaves and non-ethnic enclaves in most ethnic groups.The ethnic differences of the Hb distribution and anemia prevalence were observed in the 10 ethnic groups, which might be associated with geographic conditions, genetic background, and eating habits.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords
Journal Title medicine
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29390387
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180212
LR  - 20180212
IS  - 1536-5964 (Electronic)
IS  - 0025-7974 (Linking)
VI  - 96
IP  - 50
DP  - 2017 Dec
TI  - Distribution of hemoglobin and prevalence of anemia in 10 ethnic minorities in
      China: A population-based, cross-sectional study.
PG  - e9286
LID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000009286 [doi]
AB  - Racial differences have been reported in hemoglobin (Hb). However, distributions 
      of Hb and anemia rate in ethnic minorities were rarely reported.We aimed to
      observe whether there are ethnic differences in Hb distributions and prevalence
      of anemia.The data included 480,699 women 20 to 49 years' old from 10 ethnic
      minorities in China in 2014. Analyses of variance were used to examine the
      differences of Hb distribution among the 10 ethnic groups, as well as the
      differences in Hb level between different ages, education levels, occupations,
      and non- or ethnic enclaves in each ethnic group. chi2-test was adopted to
      analyze the differences in anemia rate among the 10 ethnic groups and between
      different ages and nonethnic or ethnic enclaves in each ethnic group.The ethnic
      differences of the Hb distribution and anemia prevalence were observed in the 10 
      ethnic groups. The lowest mean Hb concentration was shown in Chuang (126.8 g/L), 
      and the highest mean Hb concentration was in Tibetan (138.5 g/L). According to
      the World Health Organization criteria to define anemia, the highest prevalence
      was in Tibetan (46.9%) after the adjustment of Hb concentration for altitude, and
      the lowest prevalence was in Yi (10.6%). Furthermore, there were differences on
      mean Hb concentration or anemia rate in participants between ethnic enclaves and 
      non-ethnic enclaves in most ethnic groups.The ethnic differences of the Hb
      distribution and anemia prevalence were observed in the 10 ethnic groups, which
      might be associated with geographic conditions, genetic background, and eating
      habits.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2017 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All
      rights reserved.
FAU - Zhang, Xiuli
AU  - Zhang X
AD  - Public Health College of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou.
AD  - National Research Institute for Family Planning.
FAU - He, Yuan
AU  - He Y
AD  - National Research Institute for Family Planning.
AD  - Research Center for Population Health and Risk Assessment, National Human Genetic
      Resources Center.
FAU - Xie, Xiaoxu
AU  - Xie X
AD  - National Research Institute for Family Planning.
AD  - Research Center for Population Health and Risk Assessment, National Human Genetic
      Resources Center.
AD  - Peking Union Medical College, Dongcheng District, Beijing, China.
FAU - Ji, Mengmeng
AU  - Ji M
AD  - Public Health College of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou.
FAU - Ma, Xu
AU  - Ma X
AD  - National Research Institute for Family Planning.
AD  - Research Center for Population Health and Risk Assessment, National Human Genetic
      Resources Center.
FAU - Yu, Zengli
AU  - Yu Z
AD  - Public Health College of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - United States
TA  - Medicine (Baltimore)
JT  - Medicine
JID - 2985248R
RN  - 0 (Hemoglobins)
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Anemia/*epidemiology/*ethnology
MH  - China/epidemiology
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Female
MH  - Hemoglobins/*analysis
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Prevalence
EDAT- 2018/02/03 06:00
MHDA- 2018/02/13 06:00
CRDT- 2018/02/03 06:00
PHST- 2018/02/03 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/02/03 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/02/13 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000009286 [doi]
AID - 00005792-201712150-00137 [pii]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(50):e9286. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000009286.