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Outbreak of Seoul Virus Among Rats and Rat Owners - United States and Canada, 2017.

Abstract In December 2016, the Wisconsin Department of Health Services (WDHS) notified CDC of a patient hospitalized with fever, leukopenia, elevated transaminases, and proteinuria. The patient owned and operated an in-home rattery, or rat-breeding facility, with approximately 100 Norway rats, primarily bred as pets. A family member developed similar symptoms 4 weeks later, but was not hospitalized. Because both patients were known to have rodent contact, they were tested for hantavirus infections. In January 2017, CDC confirmed recent, acute Seoul virus infection in both patients. An investigation was conducted to identify additional human and rat infections and prevent further transmission. Ultimately, the investigation identified 31 facilities in 11 states with human and/or rat Seoul virus infections; six facilities also reported exchanging rats with Canadian ratteries. Testing of serum samples from 183 persons in the United States and Canada identified 24 (13.1%) with Seoul virus antibodies; three (12.5%) were hospitalized and no deaths occurred. This investigation, including cases described in a previously published report from Tennessee (1), identified the first known transmission of Seoul virus from pet rats to humans in the United States and Canada. Pet rat owners should practice safe rodent handling to prevent Seoul virus infection (2).
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Journal Title mmwr. morbidity and mortality weekly report
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29393924
OWN - NLM
STAT- In-Process
LR  - 20180202
IS  - 1545-861X (Electronic)
IS  - 0149-2195 (Linking)
VI  - 67
IP  - 4
DP  - 2018 Feb 2
TI  - Outbreak of Seoul Virus Among Rats and Rat Owners - United States and Canada,
      2017.
PG  - 131-134
LID - 10.15585/mmwr.mm6704a5 [doi]
AB  - In December 2016, the Wisconsin Department of Health Services (WDHS) notified CDC
      of a patient hospitalized with fever, leukopenia, elevated transaminases, and
      proteinuria. The patient owned and operated an in-home rattery, or rat-breeding
      facility, with approximately 100 Norway rats, primarily bred as pets. A family
      member developed similar symptoms 4 weeks later, but was not hospitalized.
      Because both patients were known to have rodent contact, they were tested for
      hantavirus infections. In January 2017, CDC confirmed recent, acute Seoul virus
      infection in both patients. An investigation was conducted to identify additional
      human and rat infections and prevent further transmission. Ultimately, the
      investigation identified 31 facilities in 11 states with human and/or rat Seoul
      virus infections; six facilities also reported exchanging rats with Canadian
      ratteries. Testing of serum samples from 183 persons in the United States and
      Canada identified 24 (13.1%) with Seoul virus antibodies; three (12.5%) were
      hospitalized and no deaths occurred. This investigation, including cases
      described in a previously published report from Tennessee (1), identified the
      first known transmission of Seoul virus from pet rats to humans in the United
      States and Canada. Pet rat owners should practice safe rodent handling to prevent
      Seoul virus infection (2).
FAU - Kerins, Janna L
AU  - Kerins JL
FAU - Koske, Sarah E
AU  - Koske SE
FAU - Kazmierczak, James
AU  - Kazmierczak J
FAU - Austin, Connie
AU  - Austin C
FAU - Gowdy, Karen
AU  - Gowdy K
FAU - Dibernardo, Antonia
AU  - Dibernardo A
CN  - Seoul Virus Working Group
CN  - Canadian Seoul Virus Investigation Group (Federal)
CN  - Canadian Seoul Virus Investigation Group (Provincial)
CN  - Contributors
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20180202
PL  - United States
TA  - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep
JT  - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
JID - 7802429
COIS- No conflicts of interest were reported.
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EDAT- 2018/02/03 06:00
MHDA- 2018/02/03 06:00
CRDT- 2018/02/03 06:00
PHST- 2018/02/03 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/02/03 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/02/03 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.15585/mmwr.mm6704a5 [doi]
PST - epublish
SO  - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Feb 2;67(4):131-134. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6704a5.