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Long-term changes in oral health-related quality of life of standard, cleft, and surgery patients after orthodontic treatment: A longitudinal study.

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess long-term changes and describe the trajectories of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in a cohort of cleft, surgery, and standard patients who received orthodontic treatment.
PMID
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Oral health-related quality of life changes in standard, cleft, and surgery patients after orthodontic treatment.

Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Oral Health

Quality of Life

Keywords
Journal Title american journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the american association of orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the american board of orthodontics
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29407499
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180213
LR  - 20180213
IS  - 1097-6752 (Electronic)
IS  - 0889-5406 (Linking)
VI  - 153
IP  - 2
DP  - 2018 Feb
TI  - Long-term changes in oral health-related quality of life of standard, cleft, and 
      surgery patients after orthodontic treatment: A longitudinal study.
PG  - 224-231
LID - S0889-5406(17)30805-3 [pii]
LID - 10.1016/j.ajodo.2017.06.018 [doi]
AB  - INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess long-term changes and describe 
      the trajectories of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in a cohort of
      cleft, surgery, and standard patients who received orthodontic treatment.
      METHODS: Standard (n = 16), cleft (n = 19), and orthognathic surgery (n = 22)
      patients completed the short-form of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14)
      before treatment, immediately posttreatment, and approximately 5 years
      posttreatment. RESULTS: An overall reduction in OHIP-14 scores (improvement in
      OHRQoL) occurred after orthodontic treatment; however, this was only significant 
      for the surgery and standard groups (P <0.05). The total OHIP-14 score increased 
      significantly from posttreatment to 5 years follow-up for all 3 study groups (P
      <0.05). Relative to pretreatment, however, there were significant reductions in
      total OHIP-14 scores at 5 years posttreatment in the surgery group (-57.4%; P
      <0.05), but not in the standard sample (-24.2%; P >0.05). By contrast, the
      OHIP-14 score in the cleft group increased but not significantly (40.2%; P
      >0.05). Using a mixed model analysis, a significant interaction was detected
      between patient group and time (ie, study time point) (F = 6.0; P <0.0001), after
      adjusting for age and sex. CONCLUSIONS: Distinct patient groups showed different 
      OHRQoL trajectories after orthodontic treatment. Treatment-related improvements
      in OHRQoL are maintained over time for surgery patients, but not for those with
      standard malocclusions and orofacial clefts.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2017 American Association of Orthodontists. Published by Elsevier
      Inc. All rights reserved.
FAU - Nichols, Grace A L
AU  - Nichols GAL
AD  - Hospital Dental Service, Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch, New Zealand.
FAU - Antoun, Joseph S
AU  - Antoun JS
AD  - Discipline of Orthodontics, Department of Oral Sciences, Sir John Walsh Research 
      Institute, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
      Electronic address: [email protected]
FAU - Fowler, Peter V
AU  - Fowler PV
AD  - Hospital Dental Service, Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch, New Zealand.
FAU - Al-Ani, Azza H
AU  - Al-Ani AH
AD  - Discipline of Orthodontics, Department of Oral Sciences, Sir John Walsh Research 
      Institute, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
FAU - Farella, Mauro
AU  - Farella M
AD  - Discipline of Orthodontics, Department of Oral Sciences, Sir John Walsh Research 
      Institute, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - United States
TA  - Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop
JT  - American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official
      publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent
      societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics
JID - 8610224
SB  - D
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - Child
MH  - Cleft Lip/psychology/*surgery
MH  - Cleft Palate/psychology/*surgery
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Longitudinal Studies
MH  - Male
MH  - *Oral Health
MH  - Orthognathic Surgical Procedures/*psychology
MH  - *Quality of Life
MH  - Young Adult
EDAT- 2018/02/07 06:00
MHDA- 2018/02/14 06:00
CRDT- 2018/02/07 06:00
PHST- 2016/12/01 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/06/01 00:00 [revised]
PHST- 2017/06/01 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2018/02/07 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/02/07 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/02/14 06:00 [medline]
AID - S0889-5406(17)30805-3 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.ajodo.2017.06.018 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2018 Feb;153(2):224-231. doi:
      10.1016/j.ajodo.2017.06.018.