Vital Signs: Asthma in Children - United States, 2001-2016.
|Abstract||Asthma is the most common chronic lung disease of childhood, affecting approximately 6 million children in the United States. Although asthma cannot be cured, most of the time, asthma symptoms can be controlled by avoiding or reducing exposure to asthma triggers (allergens and irritants) and by following recommendations for asthma education and appropriate medical care.|
The effectiveness of school-based family asthma educational programs on the quality of life and number of asthma exacerbations of children aged five to 18 years diagnosed with asthma: a systematic review protocol.
|Journal Title||mmwr. morbidity and mortality weekly report|
|Publication Year Start||2018-01-01|
PMID- 29420459 OWN - NLM STAT- MEDLINE DCOM- 20180213 LR - 20180213 IS - 1545-861X (Electronic) IS - 0149-2195 (Linking) VI - 67 IP - 5 DP - 2018 Feb 9 TI - Vital Signs: Asthma in Children - United States, 2001-2016. PG - 149-155 LID - 10.15585/mmwr.mm6705e1 [doi] AB - BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic lung disease of childhood, affecting approximately 6 million children in the United States. Although asthma cannot be cured, most of the time, asthma symptoms can be controlled by avoiding or reducing exposure to asthma triggers (allergens and irritants) and by following recommendations for asthma education and appropriate medical care. METHODS: CDC analyzed asthma data from the 2001-2016 National Health Interview Survey for children aged 0-17 years to examine trends and demographic differences in health outcomes and health care use. RESULTS: Asthma was more prevalent among boys (9.2%) than among girls (7.4%), children aged >/=5 years (approximately 10%) than children aged <5 years (3.8%), non-Hispanic black (black) children (15.7%) and children of Puerto Rican descent (12.9%) than among non-Hispanic white (white) children (7.1%), and children living in low income families (10.5%) than among those living in families with income >/=250% of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL) (approximately 7%). Asthma prevalence among children increased from 8.7% in 2001 to 9.4% in 2010, and then decreased to 8.3% in 2016. Although not all changes were statistically significant, a similar pattern was observed among subdemographic groups studied, with the exception of Mexican/Mexican-American children, among whom asthma prevalence increased from 5.1% in 2001 to 6.5% in 2016. Among children with asthma, the percentage who had an asthma attack in the past 12 months declined significantly from 2001 to 2016. Whereas asthma prevalence was lower among children aged 0-4 years than among older children, the prevalence of asthma attacks (62.4%), emergency department or urgent care center (ED/UC) visits (31.1%), and hospitalization (10.4%) were higher among children with asthma aged 0-4 years than among those aged 12-17 years (44.8%, 9.6%, and 2.8%, respectively). During 2013, children with asthma aged 5-17 years missed 13.8 million days of school per year (2.6 days per child). Compared with 2003, in 2013, the prevalence of adverse health outcomes and health care use were significantly lower and the prevalence of having an action plan to manage asthma was higher. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE: Asthma remains an important public health and medical problem. The health of children with asthma can be improved by promoting asthma control strategies, including asthma trigger reduction, appropriate guidelines-based medical management, and asthma education for children, parents, and others involved in asthma care. FAU - Zahran, Hatice S AU - Zahran HS FAU - Bailey, Cathy M AU - Bailey CM FAU - Damon, Scott A AU - Damon SA FAU - Garbe, Paul L AU - Garbe PL FAU - Breysse, Patrick N AU - Breysse PN LA - eng PT - Journal Article DEP - 20180209 PL - United States TA - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep JT - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report JID - 7802429 SB - IM MH - Adolescent MH - Asthma/*epidemiology MH - Child MH - Child, Preschool MH - Female MH - Health Surveys MH - Humans MH - Infant MH - Infant, Newborn MH - Male MH - Prevalence MH - Risk Factors MH - United States/epidemiology COIS- No conflicts of interest were reported. EDAT- 2018/02/09 06:00 MHDA- 2018/02/14 06:00 CRDT- 2018/02/09 06:00 PHST- 2018/02/09 06:00 [entrez] PHST- 2018/02/09 06:00 [pubmed] PHST- 2018/02/14 06:00 [medline] AID - 10.15585/mmwr.mm6705e1 [doi] PST - epublish SO - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Feb 9;67(5):149-155. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6705e1.