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Ecological-hygienic evaluation of the environment of territories being adjacent to decultivated uranium mines.

Abstract On the territory of Kazakhstan there are uranium deposits, many ofwhich are in mothballed since times of perestroika. Often, the mines are flooded and represent a “time-delay bomb”. Inside of mines various there are accumulated gases of both organic and inorganic nature, periodically thrown out and adversely affecting on the health of local populations. The aim of the study was the investigation of the state of the environment of Esilsky district of the Akmola region by common pollutants and chemicals. As the basic variable for the investigation of ambient air there was accepted the maximum one-time concentration of suspended substances, phenol, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide. The results were evaluated in relation to the MPC for the analyzed substance in the air according to maximal single MPC (MPCms) and daily average MPC (MPCda). The content of metals in the water was determined with the use of spectrophotometer PD-303S. Evaluation of the results was executed in relation of the MPC of substances in water, by means of the comparison with the requirements of Federal standards for drinking water, samples from drinking water sources. There were executed calculations of the overall index of water pollution (IWVgen), the index of water pollution by heavy metals (IWVhm). Chemical analysis of soil was carried out with the use of spectrophotometer PD- 303S (Japan), the photometer expert-003 “Ekoniks”. Evaluation of the results was carried out with the respect to the MPC in the soil, the toxicity of all components. Summarizing soil pollution index was evaluated for metals contained in the soil at the level of more than or equal to 1 MAC. The settlement Krasnogorskiy and the village of Kalachi were found to be characterized by a low level of air pollution, increased rigidity of drinking water exceeded the maximum permissible concentrations of copper by 3.45 times and chloride by 1.17 times in the soil cover.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Air Pollutants, Radioactive

Environmental Illness

Mining

Soil Pollutants, Radioactive

Uranium

Water Pollution, Radioactive

Keywords
Journal Title gigiena i sanitariia
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29446599
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180315
LR  - 20180315
IS  - 0016-9900 (Print)
IS  - 0016-9900 (Linking)
VI  - 96
IP  - 2
DP  - 2017
TI  - [Ecological-hygienic evaluation of the environment of territories being adjacent 
      to decultivated uranium mines].
PG  - 144-7
AB  - On the territory of Kazakhstan there are uranium deposits, many ofwhich are in
      mothballed since times of perestroika. Often, the mines are flooded and represent
      a "time-delay bomb". Inside of mines various there are accumulated gases of both 
      organic and inorganic nature, periodically thrown out and adversely affecting on 
      the health of local populations. The aim of the study was the investigation of
      the state of the environment of Esilsky district of the Akmola region by common
      pollutants and chemicals. As the basic variable for the investigation of ambient 
      air there was accepted the maximum one-time concentration of suspended
      substances, phenol, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide. The results were evaluated 
      in relation to the MPC for the analyzed substance in the air according to maximal
      single MPC (MPCms) and daily average MPC (MPCda). The content of metals in the
      water was determined with the use of spectrophotometer PD-303S. Evaluation of the
      results was executed in relation of the MPC of substances in water, by means of
      the comparison with the requirements of Federal standards for drinking water,
      samples from drinking water sources. There were executed calculations of the
      overall index of water pollution (IWVgen), the index of water pollution by heavy 
      metals (IWVhm). Chemical analysis of soil was carried out with the use of
      spectrophotometer PD- 303S (Japan), the photometer expert-003 "Ekoniks".
      Evaluation of the results was carried out with the respect to the MPC in the
      soil, the toxicity of all components. Summarizing soil pollution index was
      evaluated for metals contained in the soil at the level of more than or equal to 
      1 MAC. The settlement Krasnogorskiy and the village of Kalachi were found to be
      characterized by a low level of air pollution, increased rigidity of drinking
      water exceeded the maximum permissible concentrations of copper by 3.45 times and
      chloride by 1.17 times in the soil cover.
FAU - Khanturina, G R
AU  - Khanturina GR
FAU - Sakiev, K Z
AU  - Sakiev KZ
FAU - Ibraeva, L K
AU  - Ibraeva LK
FAU - Seytkasymova, G Zh
AU  - Seytkasymova GZ
FAU - Fedorova, I A
AU  - Fedorova IA
FAU - Zhanbasinova, N M
AU  - Zhanbasinova NM
LA  - rus
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - Russia (Federation)
TA  - Gig Sanit
JT  - Gigiena i sanitariia
JID - 0412700
RN  - 0 (Air Pollutants, Radioactive)
RN  - 0 (Metals, Heavy)
RN  - 0 (Soil Pollutants, Radioactive)
RN  - 0 (Waste Products)
RN  - 4OC371KSTK (Uranium)
SB  - IM
MH  - *Air Pollutants, Radioactive/adverse effects/analysis
MH  - Environmental Exposure/analysis/statistics & numerical data
MH  - *Environmental Illness/chemically induced/epidemiology/prevention & control
MH  - Environmental Monitoring/methods/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Humans
MH  - Kazakhstan/epidemiology
MH  - Metals, Heavy/adverse effects/analysis
MH  - *Mining
MH  - Public Health/methods/statistics & numerical data
MH  - *Soil Pollutants, Radioactive/adverse effects/analysis
MH  - *Uranium/adverse effects/chemistry
MH  - Waste Products/adverse effects/analysis/statistics & numerical data
MH  - *Water Pollution, Radioactive/adverse effects/analysis
EDAT- 2018/02/16 06:00
MHDA- 2018/03/16 06:00
CRDT- 2018/02/16 06:00
PHST- 2018/02/16 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/02/16 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/03/16 06:00 [medline]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Gig Sanit. 2017;96(2):144-7.