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Prevalence and determinants of diarrhoea among infants in selected primary health centres in Kaduna north local government area, Nigeria.

Abstract Despite efforts toward the prevention and management of diarrhoea, associated mortality among infants has remained high in Northern Nigeria. This study was designed to determine the prevalence and identify determinants of diarrhoea among infants in Kaduna North Local Government Area (KNLGA), Nigeria.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Primary Health Care

Keywords

Exclusive breastfeeding

immunization status

infant care

infant diarrhoea

maternal health education

Journal Title the pan african medical journal
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29515727
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180313
LR  - 20180313
IS  - 1937-8688 (Electronic)
VI  - 28
DP  - 2017
TI  - Prevalence and determinants of diarrhoea among infants in selected primary health
      centres in Kaduna north local government area, Nigeria.
PG  - 109
LID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.109.8152 [doi]
AB  - Introduction: Despite efforts toward the prevention and management of diarrhoea, 
      associated mortality among infants has remained high in Northern Nigeria. This
      study was designed to determine the prevalence and identify determinants of
      diarrhoea among infants in Kaduna North Local Government Area (KNLGA), Nigeria.
      Methods: In a cross-sectional survey 630 mothers of infants attending three
      primary health care centers were interviewed. Data was collected on socio-demo
      graphic characteristics, infant care practices, infant diarrhoea history and
      mothers knowledge of causes, symptoms and management of diarrhea. Data were
      analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square, and logistic regression tests 
      at 5% level of significance. Results: Mothers' mean age was 27+/-5.5 years and
      46.1% had secondary education. Infants' mean age was 22.4+/- 12.8 weeks and 50%
      were females. Prevalence of diarrhoea in the two weeks preceding the study was
      21.1%. Only 11.7% of mothers had poor knowledge of diarrhoea. About 76.3% of
      mothers always washed their hands with soap after cleaning infants' perineum.
      Majority of infants (84.6%) completed age appropriate immunization while 31.6%
      were exclusively breastfed. Infants whose mothers sometimes (OR=2.32; 95% CI:
      1.4-3.87) or never washed (OR=2.64; 95% CI: 1.19-5.82) their hands with soap
      after cleaning the infants perineumand those with incomplete age appropriate
      immunization (OR=1.87, 95% CI: 1.2-2.896) were more likely to have diarrhoea.
      Conclusion: Promotion of hygiene and nutrition education for mothers particularly
      on proper infant feeding practices, hand washing practices and complete
      immunization of infants is needed to address the diarrhea determinants.
FAU - Dairo, Magbagbeola David
AU  - Dairo MD
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Faculty of Public Health,
      College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
AD  - Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria.
FAU - Ibrahim, Tosin Faisal
AU  - Ibrahim TF
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Faculty of Public Health,
      College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
FAU - Salawu, Adetokunbo Taophic
AU  - Salawu AT
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Faculty of Public Health,
      College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Multicenter Study
DEP - 20171004
PL  - Uganda
TA  - Pan Afr Med J
JT  - The Pan African medical journal
JID - 101517926
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - Breast Feeding/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Child
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Diarrhea, Infantile/*epidemiology
MH  - Feeding Behavior
MH  - Female
MH  - Hand Disinfection/standards
MH  - Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
MH  - Humans
MH  - Hygiene/standards
MH  - Immunization/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - Infant
MH  - Logistic Models
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Mothers/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - Nigeria/epidemiology
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - *Primary Health Care
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Young Adult
PMC - PMC5837171
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Exclusive breastfeeding
OT  - immunization status
OT  - infant care
OT  - infant diarrhoea
OT  - maternal health education
EDAT- 2018/03/09 06:00
MHDA- 2018/03/14 06:00
CRDT- 2018/03/09 06:00
PHST- 2015/10/08 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/09/21 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2018/03/09 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/03/09 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/03/14 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.109.8152 [doi]
AID - PAMJ-28-109 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Pan Afr Med J. 2017 Oct 4;28:109. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.109.8152.
      eCollection 2017.