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Emergence of Monkeypox - West and Central Africa, 1970-2017.

Abstract The recent apparent increase in human monkeypox cases across a wide geographic area, the potential for further spread, and the lack of reliable surveillance have raised the level of concern for this emerging zoonosis. In November 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO), in collaboration with CDC, hosted an informal consultation on monkeypox with researchers, global health partners, ministries of health, and orthopoxvirus experts to review and discuss human monkeypox in African countries where cases have been recently detected and also identify components of surveillance and response that need improvement. Endemic human monkeypox has been reported from more countries in the past decade than during the previous 40 years. Since 2016, confirmed cases of monkeypox have occurred in Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, and Sierra Leone and in captive chimpanzees in Cameroon. Many countries with endemic monkeypox lack recent experience and specific knowledge about the disease to detect cases, treat patients, and prevent further spread of the virus. Specific improvements in surveillance capacity, laboratory diagnostics, and infection control measures are needed to launch an efficient response. Further, gaps in knowledge about the epidemiology and ecology of the virus need to be addressed to design, recommend, and implement needed prevention and control measures.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Communicable Diseases, Emerging

Keywords
Journal Title mmwr. morbidity and mortality weekly report
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29543790
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180316
LR  - 20180316
IS  - 1545-861X (Electronic)
IS  - 0149-2195 (Linking)
VI  - 67
IP  - 10
DP  - 2018 Mar 16
TI  - Emergence of Monkeypox - West and Central Africa, 1970-2017.
PG  - 306-310
LID - 10.15585/mmwr.mm6710a5 [doi]
AB  - The recent apparent increase in human monkeypox cases across a wide geographic
      area, the potential for further spread, and the lack of reliable surveillance
      have raised the level of concern for this emerging zoonosis. In November 2017,
      the World Health Organization (WHO), in collaboration with CDC, hosted an
      informal consultation on monkeypox with researchers, global health partners,
      ministries of health, and orthopoxvirus experts to review and discuss human
      monkeypox in African countries where cases have been recently detected and also
      identify components of surveillance and response that need improvement. Endemic
      human monkeypox has been reported from more countries in the past decade than
      during the previous 40 years. Since 2016, confirmed cases of monkeypox have
      occurred in Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, 
      Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, and Sierra Leone and in captive chimpanzees in
      Cameroon. Many countries with endemic monkeypox lack recent experience and
      specific knowledge about the disease to detect cases, treat patients, and prevent
      further spread of the virus. Specific improvements in surveillance capacity,
      laboratory diagnostics, and infection control measures are needed to launch an
      efficient response. Further, gaps in knowledge about the epidemiology and ecology
      of the virus need to be addressed to design, recommend, and implement needed
      prevention and control measures.
FAU - Durski, Kara N
AU  - Durski KN
FAU - McCollum, Andrea M
AU  - McCollum AM
FAU - Nakazawa, Yoshinori
AU  - Nakazawa Y
FAU - Petersen, Brett W
AU  - Petersen BW
FAU - Reynolds, Mary G
AU  - Reynolds MG
FAU - Briand, Sylvie
AU  - Briand S
FAU - Djingarey, Mamoudou Harouna
AU  - Djingarey MH
FAU - Olson, Victoria
AU  - Olson V
FAU - Damon, Inger K
AU  - Damon IK
FAU - Khalakdina, Asheena
AU  - Khalakdina A
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20180316
PL  - United States
TA  - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep
JT  - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
JID - 7802429
SB  - IM
MH  - Africa, Central/epidemiology
MH  - Africa, Western/epidemiology
MH  - *Communicable Diseases, Emerging
MH  - Humans
MH  - Monkeypox/*epidemiology
COIS- No conflicts of interest were reported.
EDAT- 2018/03/16 06:00
MHDA- 2018/03/17 06:00
CRDT- 2018/03/16 06:00
PHST- 2018/03/16 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/03/16 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/03/17 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.15585/mmwr.mm6710a5 [doi]
PST - epublish
SO  - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Mar 16;67(10):306-310. doi:
      10.15585/mmwr.mm6710a5.