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Tuberculosis - United States, 2017.

Abstract In 2017, a total of 9,093 new cases of tuberculosis (TB) were provisionally* reported in the United States, representing an incidence rate of 2.8 cases per 100,000 population. The case count decreased by 1.8% from 2016 to 2017, and the rate declined by 2.5% over the same period. These decreases are consistent with the slight decline in TB seen over the past several years (1). This report summarizes provisional TB surveillance data reported to CDC's National Tuberculosis Surveillance System for 2017 and in the last decade. The rate of TB among non-U.S.-born persons in 2017 was 15 times the rate among U.S.-born persons. Among non-U.S.-born persons, the highest TB rate among all racial/ethnic groups was among Asians (27.0 per 100,000 persons), followed by non-Hispanic blacks (blacks; 22.0). Among U.S.-born persons, most TB cases were reported among blacks (37.1%), followed by non-Hispanic whites (whites; 29.5%). Previous studies have shown that the majority of TB cases in the United States are attributed to reactivation of latent TB infection (LTBI) (2). Ongoing efforts to prevent TB transmission and disease in the United States remain important to continued progress toward TB elimination. Testing and treatment of populations most at risk for TB disease and LTBI, including persons born in countries with high TB prevalence and persons in high-risk congregate settings (3), are major components of this effort.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Population Surveillance

Keywords
Journal Title mmwr. morbidity and mortality weekly report
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29565838
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180323
LR  - 20180323
IS  - 1545-861X (Electronic)
IS  - 0149-2195 (Linking)
VI  - 67
IP  - 11
DP  - 2018 Mar 23
TI  - Tuberculosis - United States, 2017.
PG  - 317-323
LID - 10.15585/mmwr.mm6711a2 [doi]
AB  - In 2017, a total of 9,093 new cases of tuberculosis (TB) were provisionally*
      reported in the United States, representing an incidence rate of 2.8 cases per
      100,000 population. The case count decreased by 1.8% from 2016 to 2017, and the
      rate declined by 2.5% over the same period. These decreases are consistent with
      the slight decline in TB seen over the past several years (1). This report
      summarizes provisional TB surveillance data reported to CDC's National
      Tuberculosis Surveillance System for 2017 and in the last decade. The rate of TB 
      among non-U.S.-born persons in 2017 was 15 times the rate among U.S.-born
      persons. Among non-U.S.-born persons, the highest TB rate among all racial/ethnic
      groups was among Asians (27.0 per 100,000 persons), followed by non-Hispanic
      blacks (blacks; 22.0). Among U.S.-born persons, most TB cases were reported among
      blacks (37.1%), followed by non-Hispanic whites (whites; 29.5%). Previous studies
      have shown that the majority of TB cases in the United States are attributed to
      reactivation of latent TB infection (LTBI) (2). Ongoing efforts to prevent TB
      transmission and disease in the United States remain important to continued
      progress toward TB elimination. Testing and treatment of populations most at risk
      for TB disease and LTBI, including persons born in countries with high TB
      prevalence and persons in high-risk congregate settings (3), are major components
      of this effort.
FAU - Stewart, Rebekah J
AU  - Stewart RJ
AD  - Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral
      Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC.
FAU - Tsang, Clarisse A
AU  - Tsang CA
AD  - Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral
      Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC.
FAU - Pratt, Robert H
AU  - Pratt RH
AD  - Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral
      Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC.
FAU - Price, Sandy F
AU  - Price SF
AD  - Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral
      Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC.
FAU - Langer, Adam J
AU  - Langer AJ
AD  - Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral
      Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20180323
PL  - United States
TA  - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep
JT  - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
JID - 7802429
SB  - IM
MH  - Continental Population Groups/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Emigrants and Immigrants/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Ethnic Groups/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Humans
MH  - Incidence
MH  - *Population Surveillance
MH  - Tuberculosis/*epidemiology/ethnology
MH  - United States/epidemiology
COIS- No conflicts of interest were reported.
EDAT- 2018/03/23 06:00
MHDA- 2018/03/24 06:00
CRDT- 2018/03/23 06:00
PHST- 2018/03/23 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/03/23 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/03/24 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.15585/mmwr.mm6711a2 [doi]
PST - epublish
SO  - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Mar 23;67(11):317-323. doi:
      10.15585/mmwr.mm6711a2.