PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.




PMID- 29584843
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180412
LR  - 20180412
IS  - 1538-3598 (Electronic)
IS  - 0098-7484 (Linking)
VI  - 319
IP  - 12
DP  - 2018 Mar 27
TI  - Trends and Patterns of Differences in Infectious Disease Mortality Among US
      Counties, 1980-2014.
PG  - 1248-1260
LID - 10.1001/jama.2018.2089 [doi]
AB  - Importance: Infectious diseases are mostly preventable but still pose a public
      health threat in the United States, where estimates of infectious diseases
      mortality are not available at the county level. Objective: To estimate
      age-standardized mortality rates and trends by county from 1980 to 2014 from
      lower respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, HIV/AIDS, meningitis,
      hepatitis, and tuberculosis. Design and Setting: This study used deidentified
      death records from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) and
      population counts from the US Census Bureau, NCHS, and the Human Mortality
      Database. Validated small-area estimation models were applied to these data to
      estimate county-level infectious disease mortality rates. Exposures: County of
      residence. Main Outcomes and Measures: Age-standardized mortality rates of lower 
      respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, HIV/AIDS, meningitis, hepatitis, and 
      tuberculosis by county, year, and sex. Results: Between 1980 and 2014, there were
      4081546 deaths due to infectious diseases recorded in the United States. In 2014,
      a total of 113650 (95% uncertainty interval [UI], 108764-117942) deaths or a rate
      of 34.10 (95% UI, 32.63-35.38) deaths per 100000 persons were due to infectious
      diseases in the United States compared to a total of 72220 (95% UI, 69887-74712) 
      deaths or a rate of 41.95 (95% UI, 40.52-43.42) deaths per 100000 persons in
      1980, an overall decrease of 18.73% (95% UI, 14.95%-23.33%). Lower respiratory
      infections were the leading cause of infectious diseases mortality in 2014
      accounting for 26.87 (95% UI, 25.79-28.05) deaths per 100000 persons (78.80% of
      total infectious diseases deaths). There were substantial differences among
      counties in death rates from all infectious diseases. Lower respiratory infection
      had the largest absolute mortality inequality among counties (difference between 
      the 10th and 90th percentile of the distribution, 24.5 deaths per 100000
      persons). However, HIV/AIDS had the highest relative mortality inequality between
      counties (10.0 as the ratio of mortality rate in the 90th and 10th percentile of 
      the distribution). Mortality from meningitis and tuberculosis decreased over the 
      study period in all US counties. However, diarrheal diseases were the only cause 
      of infectious diseases mortality to increase from 2000 to 2014, reaching a rate
      of 2.41 (95% UI, 0.86-2.67) deaths per 100000 persons, with many counties of high
      mortality extending from Missouri to the northeastern region of the United
      States. Conclusions and Relevance: Between 1980 and 2014, there were declines in 
      mortality from most categories of infectious diseases, with large differences
      among US counties. However, over this time there was an increase in mortality for
      diarrheal diseases.
FAU - El Bcheraoui, Charbel
AU  - El Bcheraoui C
AD  - Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle.
FAU - Mokdad, Ali H
AU  - Mokdad AH
AD  - Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle.
FAU - Dwyer-Lindgren, Laura
AU  - Dwyer-Lindgren L
AD  - Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle.
FAU - Bertozzi-Villa, Amelia
AU  - Bertozzi-Villa A
AD  - Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle.
FAU - Stubbs, Rebecca W
AU  - Stubbs RW
AD  - Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle.
FAU - Morozoff, Chloe
AU  - Morozoff C
AD  - Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle.
FAU - Shirude, Shreya
AU  - Shirude S
AD  - Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle.
FAU - Naghavi, Mohsen
AU  - Naghavi M
AD  - Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle.
FAU - Murray, Christopher J L
AU  - Murray CJL
AD  - Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle.
LA  - eng
GR  - P30 AG047845/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
PT  - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
PL  - United States
TA  - JAMA
JT  - JAMA
JID - 7501160
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
CIN - JAMA. 2018 Mar 27;319(12 ):1205-1206. PMID: 29584824
MH  - Communicable Diseases/*mortality
MH  - Female
MH  - Gastrointestinal Diseases/mortality
MH  - HIV Infections/mortality
MH  - Hepatitis/mortality
MH  - Humans
MH  - Local Government
MH  - Male
MH  - Meningitis/mortality
MH  - Mortality/trends
MH  - Regression Analysis
MH  - Respiratory Tract Infections/mortality
MH  - Sex Distribution
MH  - Tuberculosis/mortality
MH  - United States/epidemiology
EDAT- 2018/03/28 06:00
MHDA- 2018/04/13 06:00
CRDT- 2018/03/28 06:00
PHST- 2018/03/28 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/03/28 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/04/13 06:00 [medline]
AID - 2676111 [pii]
AID - 10.1001/jama.2018.2089 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - JAMA. 2018 Mar 27;319(12):1248-1260. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.2089.