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A multi-centre evaluation of oral cancer in Southern and Western Nigeria: an African oral pathology research consortium initiative.

Abstract Oral cancer is a leading cause of cancer deaths among African populations. Lack of standard cancer registries and under-reporting has inaccurately depicted its magnitude in Nigeria. Development of multi-centre collaborative oral pathology networks such as the African Oral Pathology Research Consortium (AOPRC) facilitates skill and expertise exchange and fosters a robust and systematic investigation of oral diseases across Africa.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

AOPRC

Nigeria

Oral cancer

multi-centre

oral pathology

Journal Title the pan african medical journal
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29599879
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180405
LR  - 20180405
IS  - 1937-8688 (Electronic)
VI  - 28
DP  - 2017
TI  - A multi-centre evaluation of oral cancer in Southern and Western Nigeria: an
      African oral pathology research consortium initiative.
PG  - 64
LID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.64.13089 [doi]
AB  - Introduction: Oral cancer is a leading cause of cancer deaths among African
      populations. Lack of standard cancer registries and under-reporting has
      inaccurately depicted its magnitude in Nigeria. Development of multi-centre
      collaborative oral pathology networks such as the African Oral Pathology Research
      Consortium (AOPRC) facilitates skill and expertise exchange and fosters a robust 
      and systematic investigation of oral diseases across Africa. Methods: In this
      descriptive cross-sectional study, we have leveraged the auspices of the AOPRC to
      examine the burden of oral cancer in Nigeria, using a multi-centre approach. Data
      from 4 major tertiary health institutions in Western and Southern Nigeria was
      generated using a standardized data extraction format and analysed using the SPSS
      data analysis software (version 20.0; SPSS Inc. Chicago, IL). Results: Of the 162
      cases examined across the 4 centres, we observed that oral squamous cell
      carcinomas (OSCC) occurred mostly in the 6(th) and 7(th) decades of life and
      maxillary were more frequent than mandibular OSCC lesions. Regional variations
      were observed both for location, age group and gender distribution. Significant
      regional differences was found between poorly, moderately and well differentiated
      OSCC (p value = 0.0071). Conclusion: A multi-centre collaborative oral pathology 
      research approach is an effective way to achieve better insight into the patterns
      and distribution of various oral diseases in men of African descent. The wider
      outlook for AOPRC is to employ similar approaches to drive intensive oral
      pathology research targeted at addressing the current morbidity and mortality of 
      various oral diseases across Africa.
FAU - Omitola, Olufemi Gbenga
AU  - Omitola OG
AD  - Department of Oral Pathology and Biology, University of Port Harcourt, Port
      Harcourt, Nigeria.
FAU - Soyele, Olujide Oladele
AU  - Soyele OO
AD  - Department of Oral Maxillo-Facial Surgery and Oral Pathology, Obafemi Awolowo
      University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
FAU - Sigbeku, Opeyemi
AU  - Sigbeku O
AD  - Department of Oral Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, 
      Nigeria.
FAU - Okoh, Dickson
AU  - Okoh D
AD  - Department of Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, University of Calabar,
      Nigeria.
FAU - Akinshipo, Abdulwarith Olaitan
AU  - Akinshipo AO
AD  - Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology & Biology, College of Medicine,
      University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria.
FAU - Butali, Azeez
AU  - Butali A
AD  - Department of Oral Pathology, Radiology and Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa
      City, IA, USA.
FAU - Adeola, Henry Ademola
AU  - Adeola HA
AD  - Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, University 
      of the Western Cape and Tygerberg Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.
AD  - Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences and
      Groote Schuur Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Multicenter Study
DEP - 20170922
PL  - Uganda
TA  - Pan Afr Med J
JT  - The Pan African medical journal
JID - 101517926
SB  - IM
MH  - Age Distribution
MH  - Aged
MH  - Aged, 80 and over
MH  - Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/*epidemiology/pathology
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Mandibular Neoplasms/*epidemiology/pathology
MH  - Maxillary Neoplasms/*epidemiology/pathology
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Mouth Neoplasms/*epidemiology/pathology
MH  - Nigeria/epidemiology
MH  - Sex Distribution
PMC - PMC5873219
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - AOPRC
OT  - Nigeria
OT  - Oral cancer
OT  - multi-centre
OT  - oral pathology
EDAT- 2018/03/31 06:00
MHDA- 2018/04/06 06:00
CRDT- 2018/03/31 06:00
PHST- 2017/06/15 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/09/07 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2018/03/31 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/03/31 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/04/06 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.64.13089 [doi]
AID - PAMJ-28-64 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Pan Afr Med J. 2017 Sep 22;28:64. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.64.13089.
      eCollection 2017.