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Prevalence of chronic viral hepatitis infections in Karaj, Iran.

Abstract Viral hepatitis is challenging for health and blood safety. Studies carried out on blood donors can help find the frequency and trending of hepatitis B and C infections in a community and also safety of donation. The study aim is to determine the prevalence of HBV and HCV in Karaj blood donors over a four year period between 2010 to 2013.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Blood Safety

Keywords

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis C

Iran

blood safety

prevalence

Journal Title the pan african medical journal
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29599884
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180405
LR  - 20180405
IS  - 1937-8688 (Electronic)
VI  - 28
DP  - 2017
TI  - Prevalence of chronic viral hepatitis infections in Karaj, Iran.
PG  - 186
LID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.186.10269 [doi]
AB  - Introduction: Viral hepatitis is challenging for health and blood safety. Studies
      carried out on blood donors can help find the frequency and trending of hepatitis
      B and C infections in a community and also safety of donation. The study aim is
      to determine the prevalence of HBV and HCV in Karaj blood donors over a four year
      period between 2010 to 2013. Methods: This study reports the results of a cross
      sectional seroepidemiological study of hepatitis B and C in blood donors. Data on
      hepatitis infection and demographic characteristics of donors were gathered from 
      blood donor registries. Frequency of hepatitis infections were described with 95%
      confidence interval. Chi square and logistic regression were used for analysis.
      Results: The frequency of HBV and HCV infection in Karaj blood donors was 0.40%
      and 0.18% respectively. In first time donors, HBV and HCV positivity risk was
      respectively 3.59 and 4.8 fold in people with primary education (OR=3.59; 95% CI 
      between 2.68-4.80) comparing to academic level. Frequency of hepatitis B has
      decreased significantly (P<0.001) during study period but frequency of Hepatitis 
      C has not changed significantly. Conclusion: The frequencies of HBV and HCV
      infection in Karaj blood donor population is low. There are equal infection rates
      within both genders. This must be considered in controlling transmission of
      infection in this area.
FAU - Kabir, Kourosh
AU  - Kabir K
AD  - Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Alborz University of Medical
      Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
FAU - Hoseini, Hassan
AU  - Hoseini H
AD  - Blood Transfusion Researcher Center, High Institute for Education and Research in
      Transfusion Medicine, Tehran, Iran.
AD  - Karaj Regional Blood Transfusion Center, Karaj, Iran.
FAU - Miri, Mohammad
AU  - Miri M
AD  - Blood Transfusion Researcher Center, High Institute for Education and Research in
      Transfusion Medicine, Tehran, Iran.
AD  - Karaj Regional Blood Transfusion Center, Karaj, Iran.
FAU - Amrollahi, Fatemeh
AU  - Amrollahi F
AD  - Blood Transfusion Researcher Center, High Institute for Education and Research in
      Transfusion Medicine, Tehran, Iran.
AD  - Karaj Regional Blood Transfusion Center, Karaj, Iran.
FAU - Bahraini, Elham
AU  - Bahraini E
AD  - Biochemistry Department of Medicine Faculty, Iran University of Medical Sciences,
      Tehran, Iran.
FAU - Afrogh, Parviz
AU  - Afrogh P
AD  - Mycobacteriology and Pulmonary Research Department, Pasteur Institute of Iran,
      Tehran, Iran.
FAU - Kalantar, Enayatollah
AU  - Kalantar E
AD  - Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, Alborz University 
      of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20171030
PL  - Uganda
TA  - Pan Afr Med J
JT  - The Pan African medical journal
JID - 101517926
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - Blood Donors/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - *Blood Safety
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Female
MH  - Hepatitis B, Chronic/*epidemiology
MH  - Hepatitis C, Chronic/*epidemiology
MH  - Humans
MH  - Iran/epidemiology
MH  - Logistic Models
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Seroepidemiologic Studies
MH  - Sex Distribution
MH  - Young Adult
PMC - PMC5871252
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Hepatitis B
OT  - Hepatitis C
OT  - Iran
OT  - blood safety
OT  - prevalence
EDAT- 2018/03/31 06:00
MHDA- 2018/04/06 06:00
CRDT- 2018/03/31 06:00
PHST- 2016/07/11 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/09/18 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2018/03/31 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/03/31 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/04/06 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.186.10269 [doi]
AID - PAMJ-28-186 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Pan Afr Med J. 2017 Oct 30;28:186. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.186.10269.
      eCollection 2017.