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Orthodontic treatment in patients with aggressive periodontitis.

Abstract Aggressive periodontitis (AP) is a condition that promotes breakdown of the periodontal tissues in a short time. In severe cases, pathologic migration of teeth and tooth loss can occur, producing esthetic and functional problems for the patient. Orthodontic treatment may be recommended to restore esthetics and masticatory function. We assessed the effects of orthodontic movement in the periodontal tissues of treated patients with AP.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords
Journal Title american journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the american association of orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the american board of orthodontics
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29602347
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180409
LR  - 20180409
IS  - 1097-6752 (Electronic)
IS  - 0889-5406 (Linking)
VI  - 153
IP  - 4
DP  - 2018 Apr
TI  - Orthodontic treatment in patients with aggressive periodontitis.
PG  - 550-557
LID - S0889-5406(18)30003-9 [pii]
LID - 10.1016/j.ajodo.2017.08.018 [doi]
AB  - INTRODUCTION: Aggressive periodontitis (AP) is a condition that promotes
      breakdown of the periodontal tissues in a short time. In severe cases, pathologic
      migration of teeth and tooth loss can occur, producing esthetic and functional
      problems for the patient. Orthodontic treatment may be recommended to restore
      esthetics and masticatory function. We assessed the effects of orthodontic
      movement in the periodontal tissues of treated patients with AP. METHODS: Ten
      subjects (ages 25.0 +/- 5.22 years) with AP received periodontal treatment
      followed by orthodontic treatment. Maintenance sessions were performed monthly
      under a strict dental biofilm control. They were compared with 10 periodontally
      healthy subjects (ages 22.9 +/- 5.23 years) who received orthodontic treatment.
      Probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level, bleeding on probing, and dental 
      plaque index were measured at baseline, after orthodontic treatment, and after 4 
      months. RESULTS: Statistical analysis showed improvement in all clinical
      parameters between baseline and 4 months after orthodontic treatment: probing
      pocket depth (0.29 mm), clinical attachment level (0.38 mm), bleeding on probing 
      (4.0%), and dental plaque index (11%). CONCLUSIONS: The periodontal parameters of
      the AP patients remained stable during orthodontic treatment under strict biofilm
      control.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2018 American Association of Orthodontists. Published by Elsevier
      Inc. All rights reserved.
FAU - Carvalho, Cassio Volponi
AU  - Carvalho CV
AD  - Division of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao
      Paulo, Brazil.
FAU - Saraiva, Luciana
AU  - Saraiva L
AD  - Division of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao
      Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: [email protected]
FAU - Bauer, Flavio Paim Falcao
AU  - Bauer FPF
AD  - Private practice, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
FAU - Kimura, Rui Yoshio
AU  - Kimura RY
AD  - Division of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao
      Paulo, Brazil.
FAU - Souto, Maria Luisa Silveira
AU  - Souto MLS
AD  - Division of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao
      Paulo, Brazil.
FAU - Bernardo, Carlos Cheque
AU  - Bernardo CC
AD  - Division of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao
      Paulo, Brazil.
FAU - Pannuti, Claudio Mendes
AU  - Pannuti CM
AD  - Division of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao
      Paulo, Brazil.
FAU - Romito, Giuseppe Alexandre
AU  - Romito GA
AD  - Division of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao
      Paulo, Brazil.
FAU - Pustiglioni, Francisco Emilio
AU  - Pustiglioni FE
AD  - Division of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao
      Paulo, Brazil.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - United States
TA  - Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop
JT  - American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official
      publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent
      societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics
JID - 8610224
SB  - D
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Aggressive Periodontitis/*complications/*pathology/therapy
MH  - Biofilms
MH  - Brazil
MH  - Dental Plaque Index
MH  - Dental Scaling
MH  - Esthetics, Dental
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Oral Hygiene
MH  - Periodontal Attachment Loss/classification/complications
MH  - Periodontal Index
MH  - Periodontal Pocket/classification/complications
MH  - Periodontium/*pathology
MH  - Root Planing
MH  - Tooth Loss/complications
MH  - Tooth Migration/diagnostic imaging/*pathology/therapy
MH  - Tooth Movement Techniques/*adverse effects
EDAT- 2018/04/01 06:00
MHDA- 2018/04/10 06:00
CRDT- 2018/04/01 06:00
PHST- 2017/03/01 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/08/01 00:00 [revised]
PHST- 2017/08/01 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2018/04/01 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/04/01 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/04/10 06:00 [medline]
AID - S0889-5406(18)30003-9 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.ajodo.2017.08.018 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2018 Apr;153(4):550-557. doi:
      10.1016/j.ajodo.2017.08.018.