PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Factors associated with HIV infection among Yi minority residents in Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province: A path analysis.

Abstract We aimed to evaluate HIV prevalence among residents of Liangshan Prefecture through HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS) data over the period from 2010 to 2016, and investigate risk factors for HIV infection in this population and interactions among them.Two sites (Dechang and Ningnan counties) with majority-Han populations, and 1 site (Butuo) with a majority-Yi population were selected. We used questionnaires to investigate residents' demographic and behavioral characteristics from 2010 to 2016, and performed HIV testing. Multivariate logistic regression and path analysis were undertaken to investigate the interactions and mediating effects among significant risk factors for HIV infection.A total of 5403 community residents in the Yi area and 10,897 community residents in the Han areas were enrolled. HIV prevalence in the Yi area was consistently high, ranging from 9.46% (63/666, 2011) to 2.88% (23/798, 2012) over the period from 2010 to 2016. HIV prevalence in the Han areas ranged from 0.15% (2/1333, 2010) to 0.44% (7/1604, 2011) over the same period. Multivariate logistic regression showed that unprotected casual sexual behavior, male gender, illiteracy, drug use, and injection drug use were positively associated with HIV infection risk in the Yi area. Path analysis of the risk factors revealed that casual sexual behavior (0.051) and injection drug use (0.161) were directly associated with HIV infection. However, marital status (0.004), ethnicity (0.017), education level (-0.004), HIV/AIDS-related prevention knowledge (-0.012), and drug use (0.11) had an indirect influence on HIV infection through casual sexual behavior and injection drug use.The prevalence of HIV is high among residents of majority-Yi areas, and injection drug use and casual sexual behavior are risk factors for infection.
PMID
Related Publications

Data analysis on HIV/AIDS sentinel surveillance programs targeting community population in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, 2010-2015.

Factors related to HIV infection among unmarried youth in rural areas of Southwest China.

Casual sex and concurrent sexual partnerships among young people from an Yi community with a high prevalence of HIV in China.

Analysis of HIV prevalence among pregnant women in Liangshan Prefecture, China, from 2009 to 2015.

HIV-infection related behaviors and preventive measures among unmarried youths from the rural areas in Liangshan prefecture, 2011-2013.

Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Sentinel Surveillance

Keywords
Journal Title medicine
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29620638
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180416
LR  - 20180416
IS  - 1536-5964 (Electronic)
IS  - 0025-7974 (Linking)
VI  - 97
IP  - 14
DP  - 2018 Apr
TI  - Factors associated with HIV infection among Yi minority residents in Liangshan
      Prefecture, Sichuan Province: A path analysis.
PG  - e0250
LID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000010250 [doi]
AB  - We aimed to evaluate HIV prevalence among residents of Liangshan Prefecture
      through HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS) data over the period from 2010 to 2016,
      and investigate risk factors for HIV infection in this population and
      interactions among them.Two sites (Dechang and Ningnan counties) with
      majority-Han populations, and 1 site (Butuo) with a majority-Yi population were
      selected. We used questionnaires to investigate residents' demographic and
      behavioral characteristics from 2010 to 2016, and performed HIV testing.
      Multivariate logistic regression and path analysis were undertaken to investigate
      the interactions and mediating effects among significant risk factors for HIV
      infection.A total of 5403 community residents in the Yi area and 10,897 community
      residents in the Han areas were enrolled. HIV prevalence in the Yi area was
      consistently high, ranging from 9.46% (63/666, 2011) to 2.88% (23/798, 2012) over
      the period from 2010 to 2016. HIV prevalence in the Han areas ranged from 0.15%
      (2/1333, 2010) to 0.44% (7/1604, 2011) over the same period. Multivariate
      logistic regression showed that unprotected casual sexual behavior, male gender, 
      illiteracy, drug use, and injection drug use were positively associated with HIV 
      infection risk in the Yi area. Path analysis of the risk factors revealed that
      casual sexual behavior (0.051) and injection drug use (0.161) were directly
      associated with HIV infection. However, marital status (0.004), ethnicity
      (0.017), education level (-0.004), HIV/AIDS-related prevention knowledge
      (-0.012), and drug use (0.11) had an indirect influence on HIV infection through 
      casual sexual behavior and injection drug use.The prevalence of HIV is high among
      residents of majority-Yi areas, and injection drug use and casual sexual behavior
      are risk factors for infection.
FAU - Yang, Shujuan
AU  - Yang S
AD  - Department of Health Related Social and Behavioral Science, West China School of 
      Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu.
FAU - Zhai, Wenwen
AU  - Zhai W
AD  - Department of Health Related Social and Behavioral Science, West China School of 
      Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu.
FAU - Pei, Rong
AU  - Pei R
AD  - Department of Health Related Social and Behavioral Science, West China School of 
      Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu.
FAU - Jike, Chunnong
AU  - Jike C
AD  - Liangshan Prefecture Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Xichang, China.
FAU - Nan, Lei
AU  - Nan L
AD  - Liangshan Prefecture Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Xichang, China.
FAU - Yu, Gang
AU  - Yu G
AD  - Liangshan Prefecture Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Xichang, China.
FAU - Liao, Qiang
AU  - Liao Q
AD  - Liangshan Prefecture Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Xichang, China.
FAU - Wang, Qixing
AU  - Wang Q
AD  - Liangshan Prefecture Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Xichang, China.
FAU - Liu, Danping
AU  - Liu D
AD  - Department of Health Related Social and Behavioral Science, West China School of 
      Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu.
FAU - Gao, Bo
AU  - Gao B
AD  - Department of Health Related Social and Behavioral Science, West China School of 
      Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu.
FAU - Xiao, Lin
AU  - Xiao L
AD  - Liangshan Prefecture Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Xichang, China.
FAU - Gong, Yuhan
AU  - Gong Y
AD  - Liangshan Prefecture Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Xichang, China.
FAU - Wang, Ke
AU  - Wang K
AD  - Liangshan Prefecture Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Xichang, China.
FAU - Wang, Ju
AU  - Wang J
AD  - Liangshan Prefecture Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Xichang, China.
LA  - eng
PT  - Evaluation Studies
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - United States
TA  - Medicine (Baltimore)
JT  - Medicine
JID - 2985248R
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - China/epidemiology/ethnology
MH  - Ethnic Groups/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - Female
MH  - HIV Infections/epidemiology/ethnology/*etiology
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Mass Screening
MH  - Minority Groups/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - *Sentinel Surveillance
MH  - Sexual Behavior/ethnology
MH  - Substance Abuse, Intravenous/epidemiology/ethnology/virology
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
EDAT- 2018/04/06 06:00
MHDA- 2018/04/17 06:00
CRDT- 2018/04/06 06:00
PHST- 2018/04/06 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/04/06 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/04/17 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000010250 [doi]
AID - 00005792-201804060-00016 [pii]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Apr;97(14):e0250. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000010250.