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Incidence and determinants of stillbirth among women who gave birth in Jimma University specialized hospital, Ethiopia.

Abstract Worldwide approximately 2.7 million are stillborn, more than 98% of these occur in developing countries. To address the problem, incidence and determinants of stillbirth must be understood. Therefore the aim of this study was to assess incidence and determinants of stillbirth among women who gave birth in Jimma University specialized hospital.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Ethiopia

Stillbirth

determinants

incidence

protective factors

risk factors

Journal Title the pan african medical journal
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29721130
OWN - NLM
STAT- In-Process
LR  - 20180503
IS  - 1937-8688 (Electronic)
VI  - 28
DP  - 2017
TI  - Incidence and determinants of stillbirth among women who gave birth in Jimma
      University specialized hospital, Ethiopia.
PG  - 299
LID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.299.1269 [doi]
AB  - Introduction: Worldwide approximately 2.7 million are stillborn, more than 98% of
      these occur in developing countries. To address the problem, incidence and
      determinants of stillbirth must be understood. Therefore the aim of this study
      was to assess incidence and determinants of stillbirth among women who gave birth
      in Jimma University specialized hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional study design
      among 413 mothers who gave birth in Jimma specialized hospital was employed.
      Study subjects were selected by systematic sampling technique from the list of
      women who gave birth in hospital in one month study period. Data were collected
      by using pretested and structured questionnaire. Data were edited, cleaned,
      coded, entered and analyzed using SPSS-20 statistical software. Univarate and
      bivariate (logistic regressions) analysis was employed. Results: The incidence
      rate of stillbirth in the Hospital during a month period was 8% or 80 per 1000
      total births. The predictors that showed an independent close association with
      stillbirth were absence of complication (OR = 0.1, 95% CI (0.04-0.2)), referral
      from other health facility (OR = 0.3, 95% CI (0.1-0.7)), having antenatal care
      (OR = 0.3, 95% CI (0.1-0.7)) and normal vaginal delivery (OR = 0.2, 95% CI (
      0.1-0.8)). Conclusion: The incidence rate of stillbirths in our setting is high
      and the identified determinants were related to both ante-partum and
      intra-partum-period. Therefore, effort should be made to improve antenatal,
      obstetric services and delivery services in terms awareness, access, timing and
      referral system to emergency care and specialized service to reduce the number of
      stillbirths.
FAU - Tilahun, Dejene
AU  - Tilahun D
AD  - Jimma University, Institute of Health, Faculty of Public Health, Department of
      Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, Jimma, Ethiopia.
FAU - Assefa, Tsion
AU  - Assefa T
AD  - Jimma University, Institute of Health, Faculty of Public Health, Department of
      Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, Jimma, Ethiopia.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20171208
PL  - Uganda
TA  - Pan Afr Med J
JT  - The Pan African medical journal
JID - 101517926
PMC - PMC5927570
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Ethiopia
OT  - Stillbirth
OT  - determinants
OT  - incidence
OT  - protective factors
OT  - risk factors
EDAT- 2018/05/04 06:00
MHDA- 2018/05/04 06:00
CRDT- 2018/05/04 06:00
PHST- 2011/10/03 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2013/01/30 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2018/05/04 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/05/04 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/05/04 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.299.1269 [doi]
AID - PAMJ-28-299 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Pan Afr Med J. 2017 Dec 8;28:299. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.299.1269.
      eCollection 2017.