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Relationship between foot posture and dental malocclusions in children aged 6 to 9 years: A cross-sectional study.

Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the association, if any, between foot posture and dental malocclusions in the anteroposterior plane, in children.The study population consisted of 189 children (95 boys and 94 girls) aged 6 to 9 years. In every case, previous informed consent was requested and obtained from the parent/guardian and the study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the University of Málaga (CEUMA 26/2015H).This observational, descriptive, cross-sectional analysis is based on a study population (STROBE). Qualified personnel conducted a podiatric and dental examination of each child, recording the Clarke angle and the foot posture index (FPI) as an outcomes measure in the feet, and also dental malocclusions, according to Angle classification.A significant correlation was observed for the FPI scores (for right foot) as well as the Clarke angle (for right foot), in relation to dental malocclusions as determined by Angle classification (Pā€Š<ā€Š.001). Of all the supinated feet analyzed, 38.46% were Class II according to Angle classification, and none were Class III. Of the pronated feet, 48.57% were Class III, 42.85% were Class I, and 8.57% were Class II.The Clarke angle decreases with the progression from Class I to III, whereas the FPI increases with that from Class I to III. These findings suggest there is a relation between the Clarke angle and FPI, on the one hand, and dental malocclusion on the other.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords
Journal Title medicine
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29742725
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180516
LR  - 20180516
IS  - 1536-5964 (Electronic)
IS  - 0025-7974 (Linking)
VI  - 97
IP  - 19
DP  - 2018 May
TI  - Relationship between foot posture and dental malocclusions in children aged 6 to 
      9 years: A cross-sectional study.
PG  - e0701
LID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000010701 [doi]
AB  - The aim of this study was to determine the association, if any, between foot
      posture and dental malocclusions in the anteroposterior plane, in children.The
      study population consisted of 189 children (95 boys and 94 girls) aged 6 to 9
      years. In every case, previous informed consent was requested and obtained from
      the parent/guardian and the study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the
      University of Malaga (CEUMA 26/2015H).This observational, descriptive,
      cross-sectional analysis is based on a study population (STROBE). Qualified
      personnel conducted a podiatric and dental examination of each child, recording
      the Clarke angle and the foot posture index (FPI) as an outcomes measure in the
      feet, and also dental malocclusions, according to Angle classification.A
      significant correlation was observed for the FPI scores (for right foot) as well 
      as the Clarke angle (for right foot), in relation to dental malocclusions as
      determined by Angle classification (P &lt; .001). Of all the supinated feet
      analyzed, 38.46% were Class II according to Angle classification, and none were
      Class III. Of the pronated feet, 48.57% were Class III, 42.85% were Class I, and 
      8.57% were Class II.The Clarke angle decreases with the progression from Class I 
      to III, whereas the FPI increases with that from Class I to III. These findings
      suggest there is a relation between the Clarke angle and FPI, on the one hand,
      and dental malocclusion on the other.
FAU - Marchena-Rodriguez, Ana
AU  - Marchena-Rodriguez A
AD  - Department of Nursing and Podiatry.
FAU - Moreno-Morales, Noelia
AU  - Moreno-Morales N
AD  - Department of Physiotherapy, University of Malaga.
FAU - Ramirez-Parga, Edith
AU  - Ramirez-Parga E
AD  - Private Dental Clinic, Carvajal &amp; Ramirez, Malaga, Spain.
FAU - Labajo-Manzanares, Maria Teresa
AU  - Labajo-Manzanares MT
AD  - Department of Physiotherapy, University of Malaga.
FAU - Luque-Suarez, Alejandro
AU  - Luque-Suarez A
AD  - Department of Physiotherapy, University of Malaga.
FAU - Gijon-Nogueron, Gabriel
AU  - Gijon-Nogueron G
AD  - Department of Nursing and Podiatry.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Observational Study
PL  - United States
TA  - Medicine (Baltimore)
JT  - Medicine
JID - 2985248R
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - Child
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Female
MH  - Flatfoot/epidemiology
MH  - Foot/*physiology
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Malocclusion/*epidemiology
MH  - Malocclusion, Angle Class I/epidemiology
MH  - Malocclusion, Angle Class II/epidemiology
MH  - Malocclusion, Angle Class III/epidemiology
MH  - Posture/*physiology
MH  - Spain/epidemiology
EDAT- 2018/05/10 06:00
MHDA- 2018/05/17 06:00
CRDT- 2018/05/10 06:00
PHST- 2018/05/10 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/05/10 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/05/17 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000010701 [doi]
AID - 00005792-201805110-00044 [pii]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 May;97(19):e0701. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000010701.