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Prevalence of refractive errors in Tibetan adolescents.

Abstract The prevalence of adolescent eye disease in remote areas of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has rarely been reported. To understand the prevalence of common eye diseases in Tibet, we performed ocular-disease screening on students from primary and secondary schools in Tibet, and compared the prevalence to that in the Central China Plain (referred to here as the "plains area").
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Abnormal rate

Myopia

Refractive errors

Tibet

Journal Title bmc ophthalmology
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29747615
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180525
LR  - 20180525
IS  - 1471-2415 (Electronic)
IS  - 1471-2415 (Linking)
VI  - 18
IP  - 1
DP  - 2018 May 11
TI  - Prevalence of refractive errors in Tibetan adolescents.
PG  - 118
LID - 10.1186/s12886-018-0780-8 [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: The prevalence of adolescent eye disease in remote areas of the
      Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has rarely been reported. To understand the prevalence of
      common eye diseases in Tibet, we performed ocular-disease screening on students
      from primary and secondary schools in Tibet, and compared the prevalence to that 
      in the Central China Plain (referred to here as the "plains area"). METHODS: The 
      refractive status of students was evaluated with a Spot vision screener. The test
      was conducted three or fewer times for both eyes of each student and results with
      best correction were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 3246 students from primary and
      secondary schools in the Tibet Naidong district were screened, yielding a
      refractive error rate of 28.51%, which was significantly lower than that of the
      plains group (28.51% vs. 56.92%, p < 0.001). In both groups, the prevalence of
      refractive errors among females was higher than that among males. CONCLUSIONS: We
      found that Tibetan adolescents had a lower prevalence of refractive errors than
      did adolescents in the plains area, which may be related to less intensive
      schooling and greater exposure to sunlight.
FAU - Qian, Xuehan
AU  - Qian X
AD  - Department of Strabismus and Pediatric Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University 
      Eye Hospital, Tianjin, China.
FAU - Liu, Beihong
AU  - Liu B
AD  - Department of Genetics, Center for Genetics, National Research Institute for
      Family Planning, 12 Dahuisi Road, Haidian, Beijing, 100081, China.
FAU - Wang, Jing
AU  - Wang J
AD  - Department of Medical Genetics and Developmental Biology, School of Basic Medical
      Sciences, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
FAU - Wei, Nan
AU  - Wei N
AD  - Department of Strabismus and Pediatric Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University 
      Eye Hospital, Tianjin, China.
FAU - Qi, Xiaoli
AU  - Qi X
AD  - Department of Strabismus and Pediatric Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University 
      Eye Hospital, Tianjin, China.
FAU - Li, Xue
AU  - Li X
AD  - Department of Strabismus and Pediatric Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University 
      Eye Hospital, Tianjin, China.
FAU - Li, Jing
AU  - Li J
AD  - Department of Strabismus and Pediatric Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University 
      Eye Hospital, Tianjin, China.
FAU - Zhang, Ying
AU  - Zhang Y
AD  - Department of Strabismus and Pediatric Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University 
      Eye Hospital, Tianjin, China.
FAU - Hua, Ning
AU  - Hua N
AD  - Department of Strabismus and Pediatric Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University 
      Eye Hospital, Tianjin, China.
FAU - Ning, Yuxian
AU  - Ning Y
AD  - Department of Strabismus and Pediatric Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University 
      Eye Hospital, Tianjin, China.
FAU - Ding, Gang
AU  - Ding G
AD  - Department of Strabismus and Pediatric Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University 
      Eye Hospital, Tianjin, China.
FAU - Ma, Xu
AU  - Ma X
AD  - Department of Genetics, Center for Genetics, National Research Institute for
      Family Planning, 12 Dahuisi Road, Haidian, Beijing, 100081, China. [email protected]
FAU - Wang, Binbin
AU  - Wang B
AD  - Department of Genetics, Center for Genetics, National Research Institute for
      Family Planning, 12 Dahuisi Road, Haidian, Beijing, 100081, China.
      [email protected]
LA  - eng
GR  - 2016YFC1000300/National Key Research and Development Program of China
GR  - 2016YFC1000307/National Key Research and Development Program of China
GR  - YCZYPT[2017]01-6/National Infrastructure of Chinese Genetic Resources
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20180511
PL  - England
TA  - BMC Ophthalmol
JT  - BMC ophthalmology
JID - 100967802
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Child
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Refractive Errors/*epidemiology
MH  - Rural Population/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Schools/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Sex Distribution
MH  - Tibet/epidemiology
PMC - PMC5946460
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Abnormal rate
OT  - Myopia
OT  - Refractive errors
OT  - Tibet
EDAT- 2018/05/12 06:00
MHDA- 2018/05/26 06:00
CRDT- 2018/05/12 06:00
PHST- 2017/12/04 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2018/04/27 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2018/05/12 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/05/12 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/05/26 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1186/s12886-018-0780-8 [doi]
AID - 10.1186/s12886-018-0780-8 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - BMC Ophthalmol. 2018 May 11;18(1):118. doi: 10.1186/s12886-018-0780-8.