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Correlation between oral health and quality of life among the elderly in Southwest China from 2013 to 2015.

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the oral health among the elderly in Southwest China and to analyze the correlation between common oral diseases and quality of life (QOL) in the same population, thus providing recommendations to improve their oral health and life quality.Elderly people (>60 years' old) were randomly recruited into our study, and we performed oral health examinations and diagnoses, using the Community Periodontal Index (CPI) to assess the periodontal condition, and Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) to score life quality associated with oral health. Then we analyzed correlations between oral health and QOL as well as body mass index (BMI).A total of 687 subjects participated in our study and 212 (30.9%) were diagnosed with gingivitis or subgingival calculus, 291 (42.4%) with moderate chronic periodontitis, 136 (19.8%) with severe chronic periodontitis, 514 (74.8%) with dental caries, and 648 (94.3%) with dentition defects. A total of 653 (95.1%) qualified OHIP-14 scores were collected, with a median score of 13. The scores of the severe and moderate periodontitis were similar to the dentition defects, but higher than the scores for gingivitis and subgingival calculus. Considering the most common side effect, 11% of the subjects with severe chronic periodontitis were reported to be "unsatisfied with eating," and 48.4% of the participants with dentition defects complained about "troubles with pronunciation." A logistic regression analysis revealed that underweight (BMI <20) correlated with dental caries (odds ratio [OR]: 0.167, P = .040) and dentition defects (OR: 0.119, P = .016).The general oral health condition was poor among the elderly in Southwest China. Periodontitis and dentition defects have considerable negative effects on the QOL among this population.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Quality of Life

Keywords
Journal Title medicine
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29794757
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180612
LR  - 20180612
IS  - 1536-5964 (Electronic)
IS  - 0025-7974 (Linking)
VI  - 97
IP  - 21
DP  - 2018 May
TI  - Correlation between oral health and quality of life among the elderly in
      Southwest China from 2013 to 2015.
PG  - e10777
LID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000010777 [doi]
AB  - The aim of this study was to evaluate the oral health among the elderly in
      Southwest China and to analyze the correlation between common oral diseases and
      quality of life (QOL) in the same population, thus providing recommendations to
      improve their oral health and life quality.Elderly people (&gt;60 years' old) were
      randomly recruited into our study, and we performed oral health examinations and 
      diagnoses, using the Community Periodontal Index (CPI) to assess the periodontal 
      condition, and Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) to score life quality
      associated with oral health. Then we analyzed correlations between oral health
      and QOL as well as body mass index (BMI).A total of 687 subjects participated in 
      our study and 212 (30.9%) were diagnosed with gingivitis or subgingival calculus,
      291 (42.4%) with moderate chronic periodontitis, 136 (19.8%) with severe chronic 
      periodontitis, 514 (74.8%) with dental caries, and 648 (94.3%) with dentition
      defects. A total of 653 (95.1%) qualified OHIP-14 scores were collected, with a
      median score of 13. The scores of the severe and moderate periodontitis were
      similar to the dentition defects, but higher than the scores for gingivitis and
      subgingival calculus. Considering the most common side effect, 11% of the
      subjects with severe chronic periodontitis were reported to be "unsatisfied with 
      eating," and 48.4% of the participants with dentition defects complained about
      "troubles with pronunciation." A logistic regression analysis revealed that
      underweight (BMI &lt;20) correlated with dental caries (odds ratio [OR]: 0.167, P = 
      .040) and dentition defects (OR: 0.119, P = .016).The general oral health
      condition was poor among the elderly in Southwest China. Periodontitis and
      dentition defects have considerable negative effects on the QOL among this
      population.
FAU - Sheng, Xun
AU  - Sheng X
AD  - Department of Stomatology, The Affiliated Stomatological Hospital of Kunming
      Medical University.
FAU - Xiao, Xia
AU  - Xiao X
AD  - Department of Community Health, Kunming Medical University School of Public
      Health.
FAU - Song, Xiaoxiao
AU  - Song X
AD  - Department of Community Health, Kunming Medical University School of Public
      Health.
FAU - Qiao, Lei
AU  - Qiao L
AD  - Department of Stomatology, The Affiliated Stomatological Hospital of Kunming
      Medical University.
FAU - Zhang, Xihong
AU  - Zhang X
AD  - Department of Stomatology, The Affiliated Stomatological Hospital of Kunming
      Medical University.
FAU - Zhong, Hua
AU  - Zhong H
AD  - Department of Ophthalmology, First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical
      University, Kunming, China.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Observational Study
PL  - United States
TA  - Medicine (Baltimore)
JT  - Medicine
JID - 2985248R
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - Aged
MH  - Aged, 80 and over
MH  - Body Mass Index
MH  - China/epidemiology
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Mouth Diseases/*epidemiology
MH  - Oral Health/*statistics &amp; numerical data
MH  - Periodontal Index
MH  - *Quality of Life
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
EDAT- 2018/05/26 06:00
MHDA- 2018/06/13 06:00
CRDT- 2018/05/26 06:00
PHST- 2018/05/26 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/05/26 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/06/13 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000010777 [doi]
AID - 00005792-201805250-00033 [pii]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 May;97(21):e10777. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000010777.