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Prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension among children and adolescents in a semi-urban area of Uyo Metropolis, Nigeria.

Abstract In the past, Hypertension in childhood was not considered a problem but in the last few decades, it has gradually become a source of concern especially as children are known to maintain their blood pressures into adulthood. Therefore, hypertensive children are at risk of developing cardiovascular complications earlier in adulthood. In our own environment, the prevalence of hypertension in children is undocumented, hence the purpose of this study.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

BMI

Hypertension

age

children

family history

gender

prevalence

waist circumference socioeconomic status

Journal Title the pan african medical journal
Publication Year Start




PMID- 29854068
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180606
LR  - 20180606
IS  - 1937-8688 (Electronic)
VI  - 28
DP  - 2017
TI  - Prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension among children and adolescents in 
      a semi-urban area of Uyo Metropolis, Nigeria.
PG  - 303
LID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.303.14396 [doi]
AB  - Introduction: In the past, Hypertension in childhood was not considered a problem
      but in the last few decades, it has gradually become a source of concern
      especially as children are known to maintain their blood pressures into
      adulthood. Therefore, hypertensive children are at risk of developing
      cardiovascular complications earlier in adulthood. In our own environment, the
      prevalence of hypertension in children is undocumented, hence the purpose of this
      study. Methods: Two hundred children aged between 3-17 years were recruited into 
      this study from two public schools-one primary, one secondary in a semi urban
      community in Uyo metropolis. The blood pressure of respondents was measured in
      accordance with the technique described by the 4(th) Task Force on Blood Pressure
      Control in Children. The height and weight of all eligible subjects was measured 
      using a stadiometer and a calibrated scale respectively. Body Mass Index (BMI)
      was assessed for each subject and World Health Organization (WHO) charts of BMI
      for age and sex were used as reference standards. Waist circumference was
      measured according to the technique described in the National Health and
      Nutrition Examination Survey. Results: The prevalence of hypertension and
      prehypertension was found to be 3.5% and 2.5% respectively in this study. Only
      age (OR = 1.74, p = 0.005, 95%CI = 1.186-2.566), BMI (OR = 1.54, p = <0.001, 95% 
      CI = 1.249-1.913) and waist circumference (OR = 1.16, p = 0.002, 95%CI =
      1.056-1.271) were found to significantly predict the development of high blood
      pressure. Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension in this 
      study was found to be low. Hypertension/prehypertension was more likely to
      develop with increasing age, BMI and waist circumference.
FAU - Okpokowuruk, Frances Sam
AU  - Okpokowuruk FS
AD  - Department of Paediatrics, University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Akwa Ibom
      State, Nigeria.
FAU - Akpan, Mkpouto Udeme
AU  - Akpan MU
AD  - Department of Paediatrics, University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Akwa Ibom
      State, Nigeria.
FAU - Ikpeme, Enobong Emmanuel
AU  - Ikpeme EE
AD  - Department of Paediatrics, University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Akwa Ibom
      State, Nigeria.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20171208
PL  - Uganda
TA  - Pan Afr Med J
JT  - The Pan African medical journal
JID - 101517926
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Age Factors
MH  - Blood Pressure/physiology
MH  - Body Mass Index
MH  - Child
MH  - Child, Preschool
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Hypertension/*epidemiology
MH  - Male
MH  - Nigeria/epidemiology
MH  - Prehypertension/*epidemiology
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Urban Population/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - Waist Circumference/*physiology
PMC - PMC5966115
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - BMI
OT  - Hypertension
OT  - age
OT  - children
OT  - family history
OT  - gender
OT  - prevalence
OT  - waist circumference socioeconomic status
EDAT- 2018/06/02 06:00
MHDA- 2018/06/07 06:00
CRDT- 2018/06/02 06:00
PHST- 2017/11/14 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/12/04 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2018/06/02 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/06/02 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/06/07 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.303.14396 [doi]
AID - PAMJ-28-303 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Pan Afr Med J. 2017 Dec 8;28:303. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.303.14396.
      eCollection 2017.